Victorian London - Directories - Dickens's Dictionary of London, by Charles Dickens, Jr., 1879 - "POL-QUE"

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Political Societies. — The following are the principal societies with their objects and terms of subscription, according to official returns, furnished at the Editor’s request by their respective secretaries. The societies omitted are those from which his request for information has failed to elicit any reply:
ALDERSGATE WARD CONSERVATIVE ASSOCIATION, 58, Aldersgate-street.—Subscription: Not less than 1s. per annum; subscribers of 10s. 6d. or more annually shall be eligible for appointment on the executive committee. Object: To promote constitutional principles, and to assist in securing the election of Conservative representatives in the House of Commons.
ANTI-GAME LAW LEAGUE, 9, Buckingham-street, Strand.— Object: To obtain the total repeal of the Game Laws.
ANTI-LIBERATION SOCIETY, 6, Harcombe-road, Stoke Newington.— Subscription:  Membership 1s. per annum and upwards. Object: Advocacy of State patronage and control in defence of all Christian institutions and all legitimate corporations; to protect Christian societies and their property from confiscation; and so preserve the legal rights of religious organisations to their own property
BOROUGH OF CHELSEA CONSERVATIVE ASSOCIATION, 25, Gloucester-road, South Kensington.—  Subscription:  (not stated). Object: The association is established for the purpose of revising the borough lists and attending to the registration; the promotion of Conservative principles ; for uniting the district associations of the borough under one head; and promoting and assisting in the return to Parliament of men of Conservative principles.
BOROUGH OF CHELSEA WORKING MEN’S CONSTITUTIONAL ASSOCIATION, 189, Fulham-road. Subscription: Optional . Object:  The union of friends of the Constitution in defence of the Reformed religion, the prerogatives of the Crown, and the rights and liberties of the people.
BOROUGH OF MARYLEBONE CONSERVATIVE REGISTRATION “UNION,” of the parishes of Paddington, St. Pancras, and St. Marylebone, 54, George-street, Portman-square. — Subscription:  (not mentioned.) Object: Gratuitously to enrol Conservative electors to perfect register of voters; to afford information to all Conservatives, and to keep the Radicals out of any share in the representation of the borough.
CATHOLIC UNION OF GREAT BRITAIN, 10, Duke-at, St. James’s. — Subscription: £1 a year or upwards. Object: The defence of Catholic interests.
CHURCH AND STATE DEFENCE ASSOCIATION, 5, Friar-st, Broadway.— Subscription: 5s. per annum. Object: The defence of the existing relations between Church and State.
CHURCH LEAGUE FOR THE SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE, 25, Blackman-street.— Subscription: 1s. and upwards per annum. Object: The Disestablishment of the Church of England.
CONSERVATIVE REGISTRATION ASSOCIATION, St. Stephen’s-chambers, Bridge-street Westminster. — Subscription:  Not fixed. Object: To afford to adherents of the Conservative party assistance and information, free of charge, in all matters connected with parliamentary registration to keep copies of registers of voters for all the counties of England and Wales; and generally to support and extend the influence of the Conservative party by every legitimate means.
EAST SURREY CONSERVATIVE ASSOCIATION, 8, Victoria-chambers, Victoria-street— Subscription:  (not stated). Object: The registration of voters.
FINSBURY CONSERVATIVE ASSOCIATION, Wellington-hall, Wellington-street,  Islington.—  Subscription: (not stated). Object: The registration of voters.
HERTS CONSERVATIVE ASSOCIATION, 8, Victoria-chambers, Victoria-street.-- Subscription: (not stated). Object: The registration of voters.
LADIES’ NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE REPEAL OF THE CONTAGIOUS DISEASES ACTS, 2, Westminster-chambers, Victoria-street— Subscription: Optional as
to amount. Object: To procure the abolition of the Contagious Diseases Acts of 1866-69.
LONDON AND WESTMINSTER WORKING MEN’S CONSTITUTIONAL ASSOCIATION, Westminster Palace Hotel, 6a, Victoria-Street. — Subscription: Ordinary members, from 1s. per annum; vice-presidents, from £1 1s. per annum. Object: To unite the friends of constitutional principles in resisting any attempt to subvert the Protestant faith or the constitution of the country; to protect the prerogatives of the Crown, and to defend the rights and privileges of the people..
LUNACY LAW REFORM ASSOCIATION (Founded 1873), 61, Berners-street, Oxford-street.— Office days: Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays from 2 till 4 p.m. Subscription:  Essential to membership, amount optional. Object: To obtain increased safeguards against wrongful incarceration of the sane, with ameliorations in the treatment of lunatics.
MARRIAGE LAW REFORM ASSOCIATION, 21, Parliament-street — Subscription: A subscription of any amount entitles to membership. Object: To promote the passing of an Act legalising marriage with a deceased wife’s sister.
METROPOLITAN CONSERVATIVE ALLIANCE St. Stephen’s-chambers, Bridge-street, Westminster. — Subscription:  Vice-presidents, £1 1s. per annum; life-presidents, £15 15s. Object: To collect full information respecting each of the metropolitan constituencies, and to serve as a connecting link between the various Conservative associations therein; to furnish Conservatives, resident within the metropolis, with instructions and assistance in placing his name on the register of voters in any metropolitan constituency for which he may be entitled to vote; to promote the formation of Conservative associations in those parts of the metropolis where such organisations do not exist, and to assist in various ways those already in operation; and to promote the general interests of Conservative party in the metropolitan constituencies.
MIDDLESEX CONSERVATIVE REGISTRATION ASSOCIATION, 6a, Victoria-street, Westminster. Subscription: Optional. Object: Registration of voters for the county of Middlesex.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE REPEAL OF THE CONTAGIOUS DISEASES ACTS, 2, Westminster-chambers, Victoria-street. Subscription:  5s. per annum constitutes membership. Object:  To procure the abolition of Contagious Diseases Acts, 1866-69
NATIONAL UNION OF CONSERVATIVE AND CONSTITUTION ASSOCIATIONS, St. Stephen chambers, Bridge-street, Westminster. — Subscription: Annual for vice-presidents, £5 5s., for life, £21; annual for honorary members, £1 1s. for life, £10 10s.; annual for associations in union, £1 1s. Object: To combine in united action the various Conservative and Constitutional associations throughout the kingdom; to provide them with lecturers and speakers ; to supply them with pamphlets on the important political topics of the day; to afford information and advice, wherever it is required, in all matters connected with political organisation; and generally to promote and encourage the growth of constitutional opinions throughout the country.
PEACE SOCIETY, 20, New Broad-street—Object:     The promotion of permanent and universal peace.
POOR RATE EQUALISATION SOCIETY, 31, Newington-causeway.  Subscription: Voluntary. Object: The equalisation of poor rates by means of a uniform rate throughout England and Wales.
SOCIETY FOR THE LIBERATION OF RELIGION FROM STATE PATRONAGE AND CONTROL, 2, Serjeants’-inn, Fleet-street— Subscription:  Optional. Object: The abrogation of all laws and usage which inflict disability, or confer privilege, on ecclesiastical grounds upon any subject of the realm. The discontinuance of all payments from public funds, and of all compulsory exactions, for religious purposes. The application to secular uses, after an equitable satisfaction of existing interests, of the national property now devoted to the uses of the Church of England and the Church of Scotland, concurrently therewith, the liberation of those churches from State control.
SOUTH WEST LONDON PROTESTANT INSTITUTE, 180, Brompton-road. —  Subscription: 5s. and upwards. Object: The maintenance of the principles of the Reformation and resistance of Romish aggression.
WESTMINSTER CONSERVATIVE ASSOCIATION, 6a, Victoria-street, Westminster.— Subscription: (not stated). Object: The registration of voters.

Polytechnic Institution (Royal), 309, Regent-street. Variety of Musical, Scientific, and General Entertainments. Open from 12 till 5 and 7 till 10 daily. Admission, 1s. NEAREST Railway Stations, Portland-road and Charing-cross (Metropolitan and S.E. R.) ; Omnibus Routes, Regent-street, Oxford-street, and Great Portland-street; Cab Rank Langham-place.

Portland Club
, Stratford place, is at present limited to 250 members, paying an entrance fee of £21, and an annual subscription of £7 7s. Election by ballot. Twenty members, at least, must vote to make the ballot decisive. If to every ten votes “For” the admission of the candidate, there be one “Against” it, he is not elected into the club. The only games permitted to be played in the club house are whist, piquet, tredille, ecarte, chess, and billiards. The points at whist are not to exceed £1, but members may form their table at such other points as they please under this limit. A member is not obliged to bet when he cuts in. The first four members who come into the card-room have a right to play the first rubber at whist. Six members constitute a full table. A member who has not played has a prior right to one who has played at another table.

Portugal —MINISTRY, 12, Gloucester-place, Portman-square. NEAREST Railway Station, Baker street; Omnibus Route: Baker-street, Marylebone-road and Oxford-street; Cab Ranks York-street and Portman-square. CONSULATE, 10, St. Mary-axe. NEAREST Railway Stations, Bishopsgate, Cannon-street (S.E.), and Fenchurch-street; Omnibus Route, Leadenhall-street; Cab Rank, Leadenhall-street.

Postal Regulations Relating Specially to the London District
. — London and its environs are divided into Eight POSTAL DISTRICTS, Viz.:
Eastern Central E.C.
Eastern E.
Northern N.
North Western N.W.
South Eastern S.E.
South Western S.W.
Western W.
Western Central W.C.
By the addition of the initials of the Postal District to the address of a letter for London or its neighbourhood the work of the Post-office is facilitated.
TOWN DELIVERIES—The portion of each district within about 3 miles of the General Post Office is designated the town delivery, and the remainder the suburban delivery.
Within the limits of the Eastern Central District there are daily twelve, and within the town limits of the other districts eleven deliveries :—The first, including all Inland, Colonial, and Foreign letters arriving in sufficient time, begins about 7.20 a.m., and, except on Mondays, or on other days when there are large arrivals of letters from abroad, is generally completed, throughout London, by 9 o’clock. In the E.C. district the second delivery begins at about 8.30 a.m., and includes the correspondence received by night mail from Ireland and by the north mails arriving at 6.40 and 8 a.m.; and the third delivery in this district, corresponding with the second delivery in other districts is made at about 10 a.m., and includes the letters collected in London generally at 8.45 a.m and the correspondence by the Scotch mail arriving about 9 a.m. The next nine deliveries are made in every district hourly, and include all letters reaching the General Post Office or the district offices in time for each despatch. The last delivery, extending to all the districts, begins at about 7.45 p.m.
Each delivery within the town limits occupies about an hour.
The provincial day mails are due at various times, and letters arc included in the next delivery after their arrival. The day mails from Ireland, France, and the Continent generally and the letters received from Brighton and other towns which have a late afternoon communication with London, are delivered the same evening in London and in the suburbs within the six-mile circle.
To the SUBURBAN DISTRICTS there are six despatches daily. The first (at 6.30 am.) is to all places within the London district, and includes the correspondence by the night mails from the provinces, and by any colonial or foreign mails arriving in sufficient time. This delivery is generally completed in the nearer suburbs by 9 a.m., and at the more distant between 9 and 10 a.m. The second despatch (9.30 am.) is to the nearer suburban districts only. The third despatch (11.30 a.m.) comprises, with a few exceptions, every part of the London district. Except to isolated places, the fourth despatch (2.30 pm.) is to most of the suburban districts. The fifth despatch (4.30 p.m.) extends to the whole of the suburban districts; and, except in the remoter rural places, the letters are delivered the same evening. The sixth despatch is at 7 p.m. Letters for this despatch, posted at the, town receiving- houses and pillar boxes by 6 p.m. or at the chief office of the district to which they are addressed by 7.30 p.m., are delivered the same evening, except at a few distant places, where the delivery is made early the following morning.
The deliveries in the suburban districts begin from one to two hours after the stated time of despatch, according to the distance from London, the deliveries in rural parts of the remoter suburban districts being necessarily fewer than in the towns and villages.
The latest times for posting letters at the chief and district offices, and at the receiving-houses and pillar letter boxes, for the London and suburban despatches, and for the inland, colonial, and foreign mails are given on p. 207.
Letters brought to the receiving-houses after the fixed time of posting has expired cannot be forwarded till the next despatch, and the receivers and letter carriers are strictly forbidden to receive a fee for including such letters in the collection. Provided, however, that they be not detained, and their duty thereby impeded, letter-carriers in the suburban districts are permitted to take charge of letters to be posted on their route.
As a general rule the number of despatches from any place is the same as the number of deliveries there.
At the district offices, and at the town receiving-houses, separate boxes are provided for “London District’ and “General Post” letters; the inscription on the “London District” box being in red letters, and that on the “General Post” box in black letters. In the town districts generally, and in certain suburbs where there is a collection from the pillar boxes at 3 or 4 am., the receiving-office letter boxes are closed during the night and on Sundays, in order that letters may not be posted there, but in the pillar boxes, and so have the advantage of such early collection.
The NIGHT MAILS FROM LONDON leave the G. P. 0. at 8 p.m., and (with one or two exceptions) arrive at all important towns in England and Wales in time for a morning delivery, beginning before 9 o’clock.
The arrival at Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Dublin is also in time for a similar delivery.
For the night mails, the latest time for registering both inland and foreign and colonial letters at the chief office, St. Martin’s-le-Grand, and at the head district offices at Lombard-street, Gracechurch-st, Mark-lane, Ludgate-circus, and Charing-cross, on payment of the ordinary fee of 2d, is 5.30 p.m.; or on payment of a late fee of 4d. in addition to the registration fee, the latest time is 6p.m.; and at the chief office only, between 6 and 6.30 p.m. on payment of a late fee of 1s. ; between 6.30 and 7.30 p.m. for foreign mails; and between 6.30 and 7.45 p.m. for inland mails, on payment of a late fee of 2s. 6d. in addition to the ordinary fee and postage. At the town branch offices and town receiving-houses the latest time for registering letters for the night mails (such letters not being forwarded by the midnight despatches) is 5 p.m.
For the day mails to the Provinces, Ireland, Scotland, France and the Continent generally, and for the colonial and foreign mails via Southampton, letters can be registered at the chief office, at the head district offices, and at the Lombard-street, Gracechurch-street, Mark-lane, Ludgate-circus, and Charing-cross post-offices, for the ordinary fee, between 6 and 7.30 p.m., and at the town branch offices and town recieving-houses between 5.30 and 7.30 p.m. the previous evening; and for the other day mails to the provinces half an hour before the latest time for posting ordinary letters.
For the first London district delivery letters can be registered at the chief office, at the head district offices, and at the Lombard-street, Gracechurch-st, Mark-lane, Ludgate-circus, and Charing-cross post-offices for the ordinary fee between 6 and 7.30 p.m., and at the town receiving-houses between 5.30 and 7.30 p.m. the previous evening; and for the other London district deliveries half an hour before the latest time for posting ordinary letters. No letter can be registered at the chief office, the Lombard-street post-office, or the Western District office before 7.30 a.m. or after 7.30 p.m. or at the Charing-cross, Gracechurch-street, Mark-lane, and Ludgatecircus post-offices, or other district offices, before 8 a.m. or after 7.30 p.m., or at the town branch offices and town receiving-houses before 8 am., between 5 and 5.30 p.m., or after 7.30 p.m. At the suburban offices the latest time for registering is half an hour before the fixed time for clearing the box for each despatch, except that no letter can be registered before 8 a.m. or after 7.30 p.m.
POSTE RESTANTE.—There is a Poste Restante both at the General Post-office, St. Martin’s-le-Grand, and at the Charing-cross post-office, where letters “to be called for” can be obtained between the hours of 9a.m. and 5 p.m. There is also a Poste Restante at Woolwich, available during the ordinary hours of business. No letters (except communications from the Savings’ Bank Department) are taken in “to be called for” at the other district or branch offices, and any so directed are sent to the Returned Letter-office to be returned to the writers.
The Poste Restante being intended solely for the accommodation of strangers and travellers who have no permanent abode in London, letters for residents must not be addressed to the post-office “to be called for;” and any letter for a resident so addressed, although delivered at the post-office for one week, are, after that time, sent out by the letter-carriers. Even strangers are not, as a rule, allowed to use the Poste Restante for more than two months at the end of which time they are expected to have their letters sent to a private address.
Letters addressed to initials or to fictitious names at the Poste Restante are not taken in.
Letters may not be re-directed from a private address to the Poste Restante.
Letters to be called for at the General Post-office should have the words “to be called for” added to the address; otherwise such letters are sent round, in the first instance, to the several departments of the General Post-office to ascertain whether they are intended for any of the officers, and therefore may not be at hand when applied for.
All persons applying for letters at the Poste Restante must be prepared to give the necessary particulars to the clerk on duty. If the letters be for a subject of the United Kingdom, he must be able to state from what place or district he expects them, and must produce some proof of identification; and if he sends for his letters, the messenger, besides being furnished with this information, must have a written authority to receive them. If the applicant be a foreigner, he must produce his passport; or if he sends for his letters the messenger must produce it. Subjects, however, of states not issuing passports, are treated as subjects of the United Kingdom.
Letters from abroad addressed to the Poste Restante, London, are retained for two months, letters from provincial towns similarly addressed are retained one month; and letters posted in London one fortnight. All such letters, at the end of these periods, being sent to the Returned Letter-office for disposal in the usual manner.
None of the letter receivers (commonly known as “postmasters “) in the London district are required to take charge of letters to be called for ; and all newly appointed letter receivers are forbidden to do so. Those who have been for some time in the service are for the present permitted to take in such letters (charging a fee for the accommodation), provided that the letters are addressed “Post-office,” and that the persons seeking such accommodation are known to them or have previously made a like application, and that the receiver is satisfied that proper use will be made of the privilege. When, however, letters for strangers are presented without the receiver’s consent having been first obtained, or, when there is reason to suspect that the receiving-house is being made to serve improper ends, the receiver is instructed to refuse to take them in. Letters may not be redirected from the Poste Restante to a receiving-house, or from one receiving-house to another in the London district. This regulation does not apply to communications from the Savings Bank Department addressed to receiving-houses to be called for; letter receivers being required to take in such communications, but without requiring any payment from the depositors.
Private letter boxes may be rented at the window of the General Post-office, at the Lombard-street, Gracechurch-street and Mark-lane branch offices, and at any district office. The charge for a private box is £3 a year payable in advance; and no box can be rented for less than a year. Private box holders can obtain their letters between 7.30 a.m. and 7.45 p.m.
Overcharges are returned between the hours of 10 and 4, on presenting the overcharged letters at the office for the sale of stamps, &c., at the General Post-office. Or the letter maybe sent to the office by the letter-carrier of the district.
Business relating to money orders, savings’ banks, &c., is transacted at the chief district offices, and at the post-offices in Lombard-street and Charing-cross between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., except on Saturdays, when such business ceases at 1 p.m. At Gracechurch-street, Mark-lane, and Ludgate-circus post-offices, the branch offices and receiving-houses in the town districts, the time is between to 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.; at branch offices in the Western and South Western suburban districts between 10 am, and 5 p.m.; and in other suburban districts between 9.30 a.m. and 5 p.m. ; and at receiving-houses in the suburban districts between 9 a.m. and 6 p.m. Although general Savings’ bank business ceases at the hours named, deposits are received at district and branch offices until 8 p.m. on Saturdays, and at receiving-house both on Fridays and
Saturdays, until 7 p.m.
The following telegraph office are open continuously during the day and night, both on week days and Sundays: Central Telegraph Station, St. Martin’s- le-Grand. Paddington Station (Gt. Western Railway Co.’s office); St. Pancras (Midland Railway); Victoria Station (London, Chatham & Dover Railway); West Strand.
The following head district offices are open on Sundays from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.: Eastern District office, Commercial-road; Euston-square Station; Northern District office, Islington; Southeastern District office, Borough; South-western District office; Buckingham-gate; Western District office, Vere-street; Western Central District office, Holborn.
All post-offices in the London district are closed on Sundays, with the exception of the following which are open for the receipt and despatch of telegrams between the undermentioned hours: Blackwall Railway-station, B.O., 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.; Bow, North London Railway-station, 7 a.m. to 11 p.m.; 297, Camberwell New-road, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.; Camden-road, B.O., North London Railway, 7 a.m. to 11 p.m.; Chalk Farm, North London Railway-station, 7.30 a.m. to 11 p.m.; Clapham-common, 8a.m. to 6p.m.; Crystal Palace (western entrance), 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.; Dalston, North London Railway. station, 8 a.m. to 11 p.m. ; Greenwich B 0 Nelson-street, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.;  Hammersmith, Broadway, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.; Kensington, Addison-road railway-station, 8 am. to 8 p.m.; Paddington, London-st, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.; Putney, near railway station, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.; Circus-road, St. John’s Wood, 8 am. to 8 p.m.; South Kensington, Exhibition-road, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.; Waterloo railway-station, 8 a.m. to 11 p.m.; Woolwich Arsenal, 8 to 10 a.m.; 5 to 9 p.m. Letters, however posted in London and sub-districts between the hours of 7 and 9 p.m. on Saturday, are forwarded to the travelling post-offics, and reach their several destinations in time for delivery on Monday morning. Letters posted in the pillar-boxes within the town limits, and in some of the nearer suburbs, on Sundays, are collected early on Monday morning in time for the general day mails, and for the first London district delivery.

Latest Times for Posting ... click [1] [2] [3] for charts

Post Office
, St. Martin’s-le-Grand, E.C.—(See GENERAL POST OFFICE)

Poultry and Fancy Fowls
— At Stevens’s Auction Rooms, King-street, Covent-garden, there is on nearly every Tuesday a sale of poultry and pigeons, where good specimens may often be obtained cheaply. Amongst the London dealers, Baily, of Mount-street, is most reliable. Birds may be obtained of many dealers in Leadenhall-market. At the Poultry Show, held annually in November at the Crystal Palace, there are always large sale classes containing good birds, both fowls and pigeons, at moderate prices. The live pigeons sold in London may be arranged under two or three distinct heads. A very large trade is done in blue rocks and other dovecote birds for the supply of the pigeon shooting matches at the Gun Club, Hurlingham, &c. Fancy pigeons may be obtained, though rarely of high quality, of the dealers in Seven Dials and Club-row, Spitalfields. Homing birds can hardly be obtained of good quality except by application to a known amateur—the birds advertised being generally common farmyard pigeons imported from Belgium for the gun clubs.

Preceptors, College of, 42, Queen-square, Bloomsbury. —The College of Preceptors was established in the year 1846, and incorporated by Royal Charter in the year 1849, “for the purpose of promoting sound learning and of advancing the interests of education, especially among the middle classes, by affording facilities to the teacher for acquiring a knowledge of his profession, and by providing for the periodical session of a competent board of examiners, to ascertain and give certificates of the acquirements and fitness for their office of persons engaged or desiring to be engaged in the education of youth.” With this view, the charter empowers the college to hold examinations of teachers and schools, and to grant diplomas and certificates to such persons as pass these examinations satisfactorily. To effect these objects, two plans of examination have been established: 1 That of teachers, to ascertain their qualifications and fitness to take part in the work of instruction. 2. That of pupils, to test their progress, and to afford at once to the teacher, and to the public, a satisfactory criterion of the value of the instruction they receive. The regulations of the examinations of candidates for diplomas and membership, and of pupils in schools, may be obtained on application to the secretary at the college.

Presbyterian Places of Worship.—The following information has been kindly furnished by the respective ministers, the “terms of membership” being given in their own words:
BELGRAVE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, Halkin-street-west, Belgrave-square— Terms of Membership: “Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ and obedience to His will.” Seat rents (no information)
BOW-ROAD PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, corner of Mornington-road, Bow, E.— Terms of Membership: “Faith in Christ evidenced by a consistent Christian life.” Seat rents from 2s. to 5S.
per quarter. Services: Sunday, at 11 am. and 6.30 p.m.; Wednesday, at 7.30 p.m.; mothers’ meeting, Monday, at 2.30 p.m.; Minister’s Bible class, Thursday, 8 p.m.
CALEDONIAN (SCOTCH) CHURCH, Holloway-road, N. — Terms of Membership: “Belief in the doctrines and truths of the Gospel of Christ, and conformity to the rules of the Presbyterian form of worship.” Seat rents, 4s. and 5s. per quarter per sitting. The Church of Scotland in England desires to supply the ordinances of the Gospel to her own people, according to the forms of Presbyterianism.
CAMBERWELL PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF ENGLAND, Brunswick-square, Church-street, Camberwell, SE— Terms of Membership:  “Credible profession on the basis of the ‘Westminster Confession of Faith.’” Seat rents by free-will offerings: majority of worshippers giving 20s. each per annum. Church is about 10 years old; Gothic, stone; structure not yet completed; has already cost about £9,000
CLAPTON PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, Downs-park-road, Hackney-downs, E. — Seat rents: no information. Services: Sunday at 11 a.m. and 6.30 p.m.; Wednesday evening at 7.30.
CROWN COURT CHURCH (National Scotch, Russell-street Covent-garden—Seat rents, various (according to position).
ISLINGTON PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, Colebrooke-row, N— Terms of Membership:  “Credible profession of the Christian religion or certificate of membership from another Christian Church.”
MARYLEBONE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, Upper George-street, Bryanston-square, W. Seat rent (no information). 1,625 sittings. The congregation has been 35 years in existence. OXENDON CHURCH, Haverstock-hill, NW.— Terms of Membership:  “Simple profession of faith in the Word of God, as explained in ‘Westminster Confession.”’ Seat rents quarterly, from 3s. to 7s. Services: Sunday, 11 a.m. and 6.30 p.m.; Wednesday evening, 7.30; Sunday-school,  10 and 3; Minister’s class for all persons over 14, at 8.
PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, Holly park, Crouch Hill, N.— Terms of Membership:  “Christian profession.” 660 sittings, all free. New church opened 1878.
PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, Oxford-street, Stepney, E.— Terms of Membership: “ Professed faith in Christ, and a course of life known to be consistent with the same.” Seat rents not stated. Services: Sunday at 11 am. and 6.30 p.m. ; Wednesday evening 7.30; Minister’s Bible class every Monday evening; prayer meeting on Saturday evening at 7.30.
ST. ANDREW’S CHURCH, Broadway, Ealing, W.— Terms of Membership:  “ Received by the Church Session on profession of faith in Christ and desire to become a member, and after examination as to knowledge and faith” Seat rents, mostly 5s. a quarter, others less, to 2s. a quarter. The church was opened for worship in the beginning of 1875.
ST. JOHN’S CHURCH, Devonshire-road, Forest Hill, S.E. Terms of Membership: “Agreement with the system of scripture doctrine as contained in the ‘Westminster Confession of Faith.’ The church is supported by voluntary contributions.
ST. JOHN’S CHURCH, High-road, Tottenham.— Terms of Membership:  “Belief in the Lord Jesus Christ, and a becoming character.” Seat rents £1 per annum, or less, according to circumstances. Founded in 1864.
ST. JOHN’S WOOD CHURCH, Marlborough-pl, St. John’s Wood, N.W.— Terms of Membership: “A credible profession of faith in the Divine Saviour, and a corresponding Christian behaviour.” Seat rents: no information. The money raised for congregational, missionary, and benevolent purposes last year (1878) was £5,000.
ST. MARK’S CHURCH, South-Street, Greenwich, SE— Terms of Membership:  “Credible profession of living faith in our Lord Jesus Christ” Seat rents £440 (charge for sittings not stated). Seated for about 800. Total income last year for all purposes about £2,000 including sum subscribed to missions, &c.
ST. PAUL’S PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF ENGLAND, Westbourne-grove-terrace, Bayswater. Terms of Membership: “Credible profession of personal Christianity.”
Seat rents: information can be obtained from pew-openers.
TRINITY CHURCH, Clapham-road, S.E— Terms of Membership:  ‘A. credible profession of faith in Christ and the doctrines of the Word of God.” The church is supported by seat rents and collections {charge for sittings not stated). The church is of Corinthian architecture, is seated for about 1,400, and cost £13,000. There are also a lecture-hall and class-rooms.
TRINITY CHURCH, Kensington-park-road, Notting Hill, W.— Terms of Membership:  As in Presbyterian Churches. Seat rents from 8s. to £2 per annum.
WANDSWORTH CHURCH, Morton-road, Wandsworth.—Tercentenary church, founded in 1873, in commemoration of the first establishment of Presbyterianism in England, 1573.

Primitive Methodist Connexion Places of Worship.—The following information has been kindly furnished by the respective ministers, the “terms of membership” being given in their own words:
RAILTON-ROAD CHAPEL, Railton-road, Herne Hill, S.E.— Terms of Membership: “Following the Lord Jesus Christ as man’s only sacrifice for sin and Saviour from it. We accept and teach the doctrines generally known as Methodistical.” Seat rents, from 6d. to 3s. per quarter.
STEPNEY-GREEN TABERNACLE, Arbour-street-east, Commercial-road, E— Terms of Membership: “An earnest desire to flee from the wrath to come. Meeting in members’ classes for relation of Christian experience, with singing and prayer; and attendance at the Lord’s Supper.” Seat rents at 1s. 6d. and 2s. per quarter. Work carried on weekly: 3 preaching services, 2 prayer meetings, 9 class meetings, 1 Bible class, 2 Catechumen classes; 1 Good Templar meeting, 1 Band of Hope, Sacrament monthly; also sick visiting.

Primrose Hill is a rather high mound at the north side of Regent’s-park, whence a good view may be obtained. Only a few years ago Primrose-hill was in the fields, and from the Regent’s-park to Hampstead there was little but open country. Now the hill is the centre of a large new town, and a great population has grown up around it. It is very popular with holiday makers who are unable to get out of town, although, with the exception of a rather small open-air gymnasium, there is nothing to contribute to the public amusement. NEAREST Railway Stations, Camden and St. John’s Wood-road; Omnibus Routes, Albert-road, Regent’s-park, Chalk Farm-road, and Wellington-road.

Prince of Wales’s Theatre
, Tottenham-street, Tottenham-court-road, formerly undistinguished as the Queen’s, has for years been one of the most fashionable theatres in London. Its specialty lies not so much in the nature of the performance, which, however, is usually restricted to modern comedy, as in the high character of the acting and the general finish of the ensemble. The theatre, though a mere nutshell of a place, is luxuriously fitted up, and no one who cares for a really artistic entertainment, to be enjoyed under exceptionally pleasant conditions, should miss going to the Prince of Wales’s. Evening dress is not de rigeur in the stalls, but it is usual here. NEAREST Railway Station, Gower-street; Omnibus Routes, Tottenham-court-road, Oxford-street, and Euston-road.

Princess’s Theatre, Oxford-street, near Oxford-circus,— A large theatre, memorable for the Shaksperian revivals of the late Mr. Charles Kean. Present specialty, strong drama and melodrama. NEAREST Railway Stations, Portland-road and Charing cross (Dist. and S.E.); Omnibus Route, Oxford-street.

Prisons. — (For particulars of each prison, see under special heads.) The prisons and sessions houses of London are known by the following cant names: Central Criminal Court as “The Start” the Old Bailey as “The Gate” Sessions House, Clerkenwell, as “X’s Hall”; House of Correction, Clerkenwell, as “The Steel”, House of Detention, Clerkenwell as “The Tench;” Surrey Sessions House as “The Slaughter House.” The convict and other prisons commonly called “Jugs.”

Private Theatricals. There is no difficulty in making comfortable and convenient arrangements for private theatricals in London. Messrs. Simmon of Tavistock-street and King street, Covent-garden; Messr Harrison, or Mr. May, of Bow street; and Messrs. Nathan, of Tichborne-street, may safely be consulted as to matters connected with “fit up” theatres and costumes, and a perfect theatre may be arranged, with little trouble and no damage, in any good-sized room by most of these firms. For wig and “make up” the amateur may depend upon Mr. Clarkson, of Wellington-street, and Mr. Alliston, at the corner of Bedford-street and the Strand. Mr. French, of the Strand, sells all sorts of play and books connected with theatricals. Should the contemplated performance be intended to be on an ambitious scale, profession supervision is desirable, and the stage managers of many of the theatres are specialists in this department. If the assistance of professional ladies be desired, the advertising columns of the Era (published weekly at Wellington-street, Strand) should be consulted, and the answers to correspondents in the same excellent journal will always furnish the enquirer with every kind of information in regard to theatrical matters.

Privy Council Office
, Whitehall, S.W. Veterinary Department, 44, Parliament-street, S.W. — NEAREST Railway Station, Westminster-bridge ; Omnibus Routes, Whitehall and Strand Cab Rank, Horse Guards.

Privy Seal Office
, 8, Richmond-terrace, Whitehall. Hours 10  to 3. —NEAREST Railway Station, Westminster-bridge; Omnibus Routes, Whitehall and Strand; Cab Rank, Horse Guards.

Professional Societies. The following are the principal Professional Societies, with the objects and terms of subscription according to official returns furnished, at the Editor’s request, by
their respective secretaries. The societies omitted are those from which his request for information has failed to elicit any reply.
BRITISH ASSOCIATION OF GAS MANAGERS, 22, Great George-st, Westminster.—Subscription: minimum subscription per year for ordinary members, 10s. 6d.; extra
ordinary members pay £2 2s. per annum. Object: The diffusion of information of a technical character interesting to the profession. An annual general meeting is held in June in each year, when papers having reference to the manufacture and distribution of gas, and matters relating to lighting generally, are read and discussed.
BRITISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 161a, Strand.— Subscription: Home members, £1 1s.; foreign, £1 3s. 6d. Object: The promotion of medical and the allied sciences and the maintenance of the honour and the interests of the medical profession.
COMMERCIAL TRAVELLERS’ CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION; formed by commercial travellers, Dec. 1872. 4, Coleman-street.-— Subscription: 5s. per annum membership; £2 2s. per annum or £10 10s. donation vice-president. Object: The promotion of intercourse among Christian commercial men. The advancement by all suitable means of the moral and spiritual character of the entire body. 9,000 volumes of literature have been placed in commercial-rooms of hotels, and 6,200 Bibles in as many bedrooms, by this association.
INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS (Established January 2, 1818; Incorporated by royal charter, June 3, 1828), 25, Great George-street, Westminster. — Subscription: Resident member, £4 4s; non-resident, £3 3s. ; resident associate, £3 3s, non-resident £2 12s. 6d.; resident student, £2 2s., non-resident, £1 11s. 6d. Every new member and associate is required to pay an admission fee of £10 10s. Object: A society for the general advancement of mechanical science, and more particularly for promoting the acquisition of that species of knowledge which constitutes the profession of a civil engineer ; being the art of directing the great sources of power in nature for the use and convenience of man, as the means of production and of traffic in states, or external and internal trade, as applied in the construction of roads, bridges, aqueducts, canals, river navigation, and docks, for internal intercourse and exchange; and in the construction of ports, harbours, moles, breakwaters, and lighthouses, and in the art of navigation by artificial power, for the purposes of commerce; and in the construction and adaptation of machinery, and in the drainage of cities and towns.
INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS, 10, Victoria-chambers, Victoria-street, Westminster. — Subscription: £3 per annum for members and associates; £2 for graduates. Object: To promote the science and practice of mechanical engineering.
INSTITUTION OF NAVAL ARCHITECTS, 5, Adelphi-terrace, Strand.— Subscription: Entrance fee, £2 2s. ; annual subscription, £2 2s. Object: The bringing together and recording of experience, the carrying out of experimental enquiry, the examination of new inventions, and the investigation of all subjects connected with the science and art of naval construction and marine engineering.
INSTITUTION OF SURVEYORS, 12, Great George - street, Westminster.— Subscription: Members, £3 3s.; associates, £2 2s. Object: The dissemination of professional knowledge.
POOR LAW MEDICAL OFFICERS’ ASSOCIATION, 3, Bolt-court, Fleet-street. — Subscription: 5s. per annum. Object: To look after the interests of the Poor Law medical officers and the sick poor committed to their charge.
ROYAL UNITED SERVICE INSTITUTION, 6a, Whitehall-yard.— Subscription: £1 per annum, or £5 life subscription; entrance fee, £1. Object: The promotion of naval and military art, science, and literature. Library, museum, lecture theatre, and journal. Subscription: According to grade, whether member, life member, foreign member, or associate. Object: Established for the advancement of engineering science and practice, and acting under the Literary and Scientific Institutions, 1854.
THE ARCHITECTURAL ASSOCIATION, 9, Conduit-street, Hanover. square, W Subscription: 10s. 6d. per annum; Entrance fee, 10s 6d. Session from October till June. Object: To afford facilities for the study of civil architecture. To advance the profession. To serve as a medium of friendly communication between the members and others interested in the progress of the art.

Prussia.—(See GERMAN EMPIRE.)

Public Halls
.—The principal halls available for amateur and other performances are:
EXETER HALL, Strand, is the great place for the “May Meetings” of the religious societies. The large hall holds about 3,000, and the small hall 500 persons. Rent varies, according to class of concert, lecture, or entertainment.
LADBROKE HALL, 14, Ladbroke-grove-road, seats about 400 persons; the charges being, concert or reading, £3; dramatic performance, £3 10s.; ball, £4 4s.
LANGHAM HALL, 43, Great Portland-street, will accommodate about 600 persons; the charge being £5 5s. for an evening, and £3 3s. for an afternoon concert.
ST. GEORGE’S HALL, Langham-place, will accommodate from 800 to 900 persons; the charges being dramatic performances, £15 15s.; evening concerts, &c.£10 10s; morning concerts, &c., £7 7s. Vacancies in each week, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Friday afternoons, Thursday and Saturday evenings. The minor hall can be had occasionally; terms, £3 3s.
ST. JAMES’S HALL, Piccadilly and Regent-street, will seat from 1,800 to 2,000 people. Rent for afternoons,  £21; and for evenings £26 5s.; for meetings £31 10s., with a hall-keepers fee of £1 1s
STEINWAY HALL.—The handsome and commodious room in Lower Seymour-street (once the Quebec Institute, where Thackeray gave his famous lectures), which seats about 600 persons, is hardly to be reckoned among public halls, being chiefly regarded as subordinate to the general business of the Steinway Pianoforte Company. It may generally, however, be obtained on application for an special purpose.
STORE-STREET HALL, Bedford-square, also seats from 600 to 700 persons; the fee being, with use of piano, £5 5s.; without it, £4 4s.
WESTBOURNE HALL, Westbourne-grove, seats 300 people, at a charge per night of £3 3s.

Public Works Loan Board
, 3, Bank-buildings, E.C. Hours 10 to 4.—NEAREST Railway Stations, Mansion House and Moorgate-street; Omnibus Routes: Moorgate-street, Cheapside, Cornhill, and Old Broad-street; Cab Rank, Lothbury.

.—A favourite hotel here is much frequented in summer for fish dinners. The village is prettily situated on the north or Essex shore, some 20 miles from London by water, just at a bend of the river, and from the wooded hill behind the hotel admirable views of the Thames, eastward to Gravesend and westward to Greenhithe and Erith, are to be obtained. From Fenchurch-street (42 min.), 1st, 1/11, 3/2; 2nd, 1/5, 2/4; 3rd, -/11, 1/10

Queen Anne’s Bounty and First Fruits and Tenths Office,
next to 3, Great Dean’s-yd, Westminster. Hours 10 to 4; Saturdays 10 to 2. NEAREST Railway Station, Westminster-bridge; Omnibus Routes, Victoria-street and Parliament-street; Cab Rank, Palace-yard.
AGENCY-GENERAL, 32, Charing-cross, S.W. NEAREST Railway Stations, Charing-cross (S.E. and Dist.); Omnibus Routes, St. Martin’s-lane, Whitehall, and Strand; Cab Rank, Trafalgar Square.
Quekett Microscopical Club,
meeting at University College, Gower-street. – The object of this club is to afford facilities for the study of the microscope, and of the various branches of Natural History which require its use. Qualification, an interest in such pursuits, and a desire to take advantage of the means of instruction afforded by the club. No entrance fee; subscription 10s. per annum.