Victorian London - Directories - Dickens's Dictionary of London, by Charles Dickens, Jr., 1879 - "U"

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Undenominational Place of Worship. — The following information has been kindly furnished by the minister, the “terms of membership” being given in his own words:
MORNINGTON CHAPEL, Corner of Granby-street, Hampstead-road. — Services: Sunday at 11.30 am., 3.15 p.m., and 7 p.m.; Tuesday at 8 p.m. All seats free. A mission church connected with the Evangelistic Mission.
Unitarian Places of Worship.—The following information has been kindly furnished by the respective ministers, the “terms of membership” being oven in their own words:
COLLEGE CHAPEL, Stepney-green.—Terms of membership: “Annual subscription of not less than 5s., and a good life.” Free seats. Classes, Sunday-school, and weekly evening lectures.
ESSEX-STREET CHAPEL, Essex-street, Strand.— Terms of membership: “Seat renting only. No profession of religious opinions is required. The habit of attendance, as the occupant of a seat, constitutes membership, and confers the right of voting on all questions of congregational interest.” Seat rents, 400 at £1 6s. the sitting. The whole of the gallery (under the present ministry), containing about 200 sittings, is free. Morning service only, at 11.15, except during the winter months, when special series of discourses are given in the evening. The Liturgy of the Church of England, curtailed and slightly modified, is used.
FREE CHRISTIAN CHURCH, Clarence-road, Kentish Town.— Terms of membership: “All seat-holders are members, and no doctrinal test whatever can be imposed, either on membership or on participation in the communion service” Seat rents from £1 1s. a year.
LITTLE PORTLAND-STREET CHAPEL.— Terms of membership: None. Seat rents from £1 1s. to £2 2s. per annum.
LONDON DOMESTIC MISSION CHAPEL (Founded 1836), Spicer-street, Brick-lane, Spitalfields.— Maintained chiefly by Unitarians, not for proselytism, but simply for the moral and religious elevation of the poor, and the working classes generally. There are no terms of membership, and no seat rents. In addition to the Sunday evening service, the mission maintains Sunday, day and evening schools and classes, a popular library, savings’ bank, clothing and coal club, convalescent rooms ; and the missionary, in accordance with the general name of the society, visits the homes of the people connected with the institution, and is provided with a poor purse for the relief of proved cases of necessity.
STAMFORD-STREET CHAPEL, Stamford-street, Southwark, SE. Terms of membership: “Payment of 5s. per annum and entry in register.” Seat rents 5s. per annum and upwards. This congregation is one of the old Nonconformist, once styled “English Presbyterians.” It was originally ministered to by clergymen rejected by the “Act of Uniformity, 1662” Like most other Churches not compelled to use a creed, it came gradually to the Unitarian phase of Christianity. The chapel in which they formerly met, in Prince’s-street, Westminster, being required for Government buildings, the present one was built in 1823. The façade has been praised as a pure specimen of the Greek Doric.
THE MALL CHURCH, The Mall, High-street, Notting Hill, W.— Terms of membership: “A small yearly subscription. No confession of any creed required either of the minister or the congregation.” Supported by seat rents (amount not stated), annual subscriptions, and half-yearly collections.
Union Club Trafalgar-square. No special qualification. Election is by ballot of members. Forty members must ballot, and one black ball in ten excludes, but “should there be any box in which forty balls at the least are not found, the candidate shall be put up again at the next ballot.” Entrance fee, £31 10s. ; subscription, £7 7s.
United Club, Charles-street, St. James’s, SW. — Proprietary. This club was founded in 1865, and is established on the premises of and in connection with the United Hotel, in Charles-street, St. James’s-square, having exclusive use of spacious club-rooms for dining, reading, writing, &c., with a separate entrance from the opera arcade. No entrance fee. Subscription, £5 5s. for the first year, and £3 3s. for each subsequent year.
United Eton and Harrow Club.—A rendezvous for old Etonians and Harrovians. Candidates must have been at Eton or Harrow School. Entrance fee £10 10s. ; subscription, £7 7s.
United Service Club, Pall Mall—For officers not under the rank of commander in the navy, or major in the army, or retired officers who have held those ranks. In addition to these, “all such officers who have been or may be in charge of any of the following civil departments at home or abroad, viz. : chaplain, commissary, paymaster, directors. general of the medical department of the army and navy, as well as the retired inspectors-general (who have served in that rank), and surgeons-general of the army, and inspectors-general of hospitals and fleets of the navy, the treasurers of the club, the three surgeons-major of the Guards, and the principal veterinary surgeon, and such field-officers in the fencibles, militias, and volunteer corps in the British colonies as may have rendered services to this country,” may be invited by the committee as visitors for any period not exceeding three months at a time, Election by ballot, fifty members at least to vote. Each candidate insist have at least fifty votes to constitute his election, and one black ball in ten excludes. “Admission money,” £40 ; subscription, £7, beginning with the second year.
United Service Museum is situated in Whitehall-yard.— Upon entering, the visitor finds himself in a room devoted to African arms. There are spears and assegais of all shapes and sizes, belonging to the tribes of Abyssinia, Ashanti, Central and Southern Africa. Upon the floor stands a great variety of war-drums of various forms; these are looked upon by African tribes in much the same light in which European troops regard their standards. There are many shields of different kinds, among them a shield with silver ornaments, once the property of a great chief in Abyssinia. There are also some suits of curious armour made of plaited cane. In the African department are some Moorish guns and match-locks, inlaid with silver, The next room is devoted to modem arms. There is a collection of the rifles employed by the different governments of Europe, and a great many other forms of breechloader and magazine rifles. In the same room are obsolete fire-arms, flint-locks, and other weapons, which look clumsy and primitive by the side of the neater, lighter, and far more deadly modern weapon. The next room is devoted to Asiatic arms. There are some curious Chinese and Indian cannon and jingais, some suits of Indian chain-armour, together with primitive weapons from Borneo and the Polynesian islands. Beyond the Asiatic room is that devoted to the marine branch of the United Service. There are a great variety of fine models of ships of all shapes, from the high-pooped vessel of our forefathers to the modern ironclad. Among them a melancholy interest attaches to one or two fine models of ironclads upon his own design, presented by Captain Cowper Coles, who went down in the Captain, a vessel with a low freeboard, fitted with turrets upon his plan. In this room are some Gatling guns and mitrailleuses of various patterns, and also some torpedoes, fixed and movable. At one end are models of small craft of all kinds, from the Cingalese outrigger and the Venetian gondola to the Chinese junk. In the next room is a model upon a large scale of the Battle of Trafalgar, showing the exact position of the various vessels of the united French and Spanish fleets, and of those composing the two British columns of attack. Returning back to the first room, the visitor will find to his left two rooms filled with models of all the different descriptions of ordnance in use in the British army and navy, together with the shot and shell fitted for them. Upstairs there are several rooms with noteworthy military trophies; the most interesting object in the whole museum, however, is a model of the field and battle of Waterloo, executed with a marvellous accuracy and fidelity. This model was many years ago exhibited in Leicester-square. The United Service Museum is open daily, except Friday, the admission being by ticket obtainable from members. NEAREST Railway Stations, Westminster-bridge and Charing-cross (District), Charing - cross (S.E.); Omnibus Routes, Whitehall and Strand; Cab Rank, Horse Guards.
United University Club, 24, Suffolk - street. — For 500 members of the University of Oxford and 500 of the University of Cambridge. The members elect by ballot, one black ball in ten
excludes. Entrance fee, £31 10s.; annual subscription, £8 8s.
University and Public Schools Club, 5, Park-place, St. James’s, SW.—This club is for gentlemen who have been educated either at one of the universities or at one of the public schools. Entrance fee, £10 10s. Subscription: town members, £7 7s.; country members, £5 5s.
University College, Gower-street.— Divided in faculties of arts and laws, and of science, including the department of engineering, the Slade School of Fine Arts, and the faculty of medicine. Students are admitted without previous examination to any class or classes that they may select. Before finally selecting their classes students are recommended to consult the professors of the subjects they propose to study. Classes in all subjects of instruction within the faculties of arts, of laws, and of science, are open to both men and women, who are taught in some classes together and in others separately. The deans and vice-deans attend in the council-room from 10 a.m. till 2 p.m. on the first two days of October for the purpose of giving advice and information to students attending the college. Class examinations take place at the end of each session, when prizes and certificates of honour are awarded. For examinations for degrees, see UNIVERSITY OF LONDON. A library is open to students on week days throughout the session. University Hall, adjoining the college, is designed for the residence of students, and a register of persons who receive boarders is kept in the office of the college. A steward is appointed to provide refreshments for students at fixed prices. Separate accommodation and attendance are provided for female students in a ladies’ common room. The following is a list of prizes and scholarships in the faculties of Arts, &c.
ANDREWS PRIZES.—(a) Prizes for New Students. — Three prizes of £20 each awarded annually upon examination, as follows: One for classics; one for any two of the three subjects, mathematics physics, chemistry; one for three languages: (a) English, (b) either Latin or Greek, (c) French, German, or Italian. The competition is limited to those who have not previously been students of the college; and no competitor can obtain more than one prize.
(b) Prizes for Students of One Year’s Standing.—At the end of each session two prizes of £30, and one prize of £20 will be awarded to those first-year students who shall be recommended to the council by the Faculties of Arts, and Laws, and of Science, as having distinguished themselves most by their answers at the sessional examinations of the classes, and by their good conduct during the session.
(c) Prizes for Students of Two Years’ Standing— At the end of each session one prize of £50, and one of £40, will be awarded to those second-year students who shall in the same way have been recommended to the council by the aforesaid Faculties.
CLOTHWORKERS’ COMPANY’S EXHIBITIONS FOR CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS. —The Company have founded in University College two exhibitions of £50 a year, tenable for two years.
FIELDEN SCHOLARSHIPS IN GERMAN AND FRENCH-—At the close of every session two scholarships, one of £15 and one of £10, will be given in the junior classes of German and French respectively, and one scholarship of £25 in the senior class of each of those subjects.
HEIMANN MEDAL. — A silver medal in memory of the late Professor Heimann, founded by his children, will be awarded annually as the first prize in the senior class of German.
HOLLIER SCHOLARSHIPS, ONE FOR GREEK AND ONE FOR HEBREW. —Tenable for one year only, and their value is at present about £60 each.
JEWS’ COMMEMORATION SCHOLARSHIP.— £15 a year, tenable for two years.
JOHN STUART MILL SCHOLARSHIP IN PHILOSOPHY OP MIND AND LOGIC. —A scholarship of £20, tenable for one year.
JOSEPH HUME SCHOLARSHIPS,— A scholarship in jurisprudence, of £20 a year, tenable for three years; a scholarship in political economy, of £20 a year, tenable for three years.
MALDEN MEDAL AND SCHOLARSHIP. — For students of three years’ standing.
MEYER DR ROTHSCHILD EXHIBITION.—Of the annual value of £50, is awarded as the highest prize in the classes of pure mathematics.
RICARDO SCHOLARSHIP IN POLITICAL ECONOMY.—Of £20 a year, tenable for three years.
SLADE SCHOLARSHIPS.— Under the will of the late Mr. Felix Slade, six scholarships of £50 per annum each, and tenable for three years, have been founded in the college, to be awarded to students in Fine Arts not more than 19 years of age at the time of the award, for proficiency in drawing, painting, and sculpture. Two of these scholarships may be awarded every year. Ladies as well as gentlemen, not being more than 19 years of age at the date of election, are eligible. Should competitors be unable to produce evidence of having passed such an examination us general knowledge as may be deemed satisfactory by the council, they will be required to pass an examination of an elementary kind, which will be held in January each year. Prizes and medals are given to students who have attended one at least of the Slade classes during the whole session.
THE FACULTY OF MEDICINE. The dean and vice-dean attend specially to give information and advice to intending students or their friends in the last days of September and on the first Tuesday in each month during session. The, following scholarships, exhibitions, medals and prizes, are annually awarded: Three entrance exhibitions, of the respective value of £30, £20, and £10 per annum, tenable for two years, are annually awarded upon examination by written papers to gentlemen who are about to commence their first winter’s attendance in a medical school.—Atkinson-Morley Surgical Scholarships, for the promotion of the study of surgery amongst the students of University College, London. The scholarship amounts to £45 per annum, and is tenable for three years. —Sharpey Physiological Scholarship, established by the subscribers to the Sharpey Memorial Fund, for the promotion of biological sciences especially by the encouragement of the practical study of physiology in the college. The annual income of the scholarship is about £70.—Filliter Exhibition. A prize of £30 awarded annually in July, founded for the encouragement of proficiency in pathological anatomy, by George Filliter, Esq., in memory of his deceased son, Dr. William Filliter, a distinguished pupil of the college. —Clinical Medals founded by Dr. Fellowes. Dr. Fellowes’s clinical medals, one gold and one silver, with certificates of honour, are awarded at end of each winter and summer session—Medal founded in honour of the late Professor Liston. The Liston gold medals and certificates of honour will be awarded at the end of the session to the pupils who shall have most distinguished themselves by reports and observations on the surgical cases in the hospital—Alexander Bruce Gold Medal, founded by Mrs. Bruce in commemoration of her son, the late Mr. Alexander Bruce, for proficiency in pathology and surgery, is awarded at the close of the winter session.— Cluff Memorial Prize. This prize will be awarded every other year to the student who maybe deemed by the Faculty of Medicine to he the most proficient in anatomy,. physiology, and chemistry. The next award will take place in 1879. —An Atchison Scholarship, value about £55 per annum, tenable for two years, may be awarded annually after the close of the winter session—Gold and silver medals, or other prizes, as well as certificates of honour, are awarded, after competitive examinations, to those students who most distinguish themselves in particular branches of study in the college or hospital., Prizes to the value of £10 will be given in the class of hygiene, on conditions stated in the programme of the class. Libraries and museums are open to students in the medical faculty.
TUFFNELL SCHOLARSHIPS.—A Tuffnell Scholarship of £100, tenable for two years, will be
awarded annually, alternately for distinction in analytical and practical chemistry and in general chemistry.
There are many prizes and certificates, the list of which is too long to give in this place. All information may be obtained on application to the secretary at the college. NEAREST Railway Station, Gower-street (Met.); Omnibus Routes, Euston-road, Tottenham-court-road, Great Portland-street, Oxford-street; Cab Rank, Tottenham-court-road.
University College School, Gower-street. In connection with University College.— The usual branches of a liberal education are taught in this school. The age of admission is between 7 and 15. The work of some of the higher classes is arranged with a special view to matriculation at the London University. The fee for each term is £3 3s., exclusive of certain extras. Dinners are provided for day boarders at 1s. each, and a special dinner at 1s. 6d. for Jewish boys. Boarders are received in some of the masters’ houses; and terms, as well as all further particulars, may be obtained of the secretary to the council at the school. NEAREST Railway Station, Gower-street; Omnibus Routes, Euston-road, Tottenham-court-road, Gt. Portland-street, Oxford-street; Cab Rank, Tottenham-court-road.
University of London.-- Originally incorporated by Royal Charter in the first year of the reign of her present Majesty. The original charter conferred upon the governing body the power after examination to confer the degrees of Bachelor of Arts, Master of Arts, Bachelor of Laws, Doctor of Laws, Bachelor of Medicine, and Doctor of Medicine. In the 13th Victoria their powers were enlarged. Further letters patent were issued in the 21st Victoria giving the governing body tower to confer the degrees of Bachelor, Master, and Doctor in Arts, Laws, Science, Medicine, Music, and also in such other departments of knowledge, except theology, as the governing body should from time to time determine. In 1863 the present charter was granted with a view to “ascertaining by means of examination the persons who have acquired proficiency in literature, science, arts, and other departments of knowledge by the pursuit of such course of education, and of rewarding them by academical degrees and certificates of proficiency as evidence of their respective attainments and marks of honour proportioned there-unto,” Provision is also made by the present charter for granting the additional degrees of “Master in Surgery, and for the improvement of medical education in all its branches, as well in medicine as in surgery, midwifery and pharmacy.” Provision is further made for the granting the degrees of Bachelor and Doctor in Music. A supplemental charter of 27th August, 1868, gave the governing body the power to hold special examinations for women being candidates for certain certificates of proficiency, and to grant such certificates. These powers were further extended by another supplemental charter, dated March 4, 1878, under which the governing body has power after examination to grant to women any degrees or certificates of proficiency which they have the power to grant to men. Women, however, are not in all respects on an equality with men, inasmuch as it is provided that “no female graduate of the said University shall be a member of the Convocation of the said University, unless and until such Convocation shall have passed a resolution that female graduates be admitted to Convocation.” The governing body consists of the Chancellor, Vice-Chancellor, 36 Fellows, and graduates.
There are two examination for matriculation in each year, one commencing on the second Monday in January, and the other on the last Monday in June. In and after the year 1880 the summer examination will commence on the third Monday in June. Candidates must have completed their sixteenth year. These examinations may be held not only at the University of London, but also, under special arrangement, in other parts of the United Kingdom, or in the Colonies. Candidates for any degree granted by this University (with the exception of such as have graduated in arts either in the University of Sydney or in that of Melbourne) are required to have passed the matriculation examination. This examination is accepted (1) by the College of Surgeons in lieu of the preliminary examination otherwise imposed on candidates for its fellowship (2) by the Incorporated Law Society, in lieu of its preliminary examination. It is also among those examinations of which some one must be passed (1) by every medical student on commencing his professional studies; and (2) by every person entering upon articles of clerkship to an attorney —any such person matriculating in the first division being entitled to exemption from one year’s service. If in the opinion of the examiners any candidates for matriculation in the honours division of not more than an years of age at the commencement of the examination shall possess sufficient merit, the first among such candidates shall receive an exhibition of £30 per annum for the next two years; the second shall receive an exhibition of £20 per annum for the next two years; and the third shall receive an exhibition of £15 per annum for the next two years; such exhibitions to be payable in quarterly instalments, provided that on receiving each instalment the exhibitioner shall declare his intention of presenting himself either at the two examinations for BA., or at the two examinations for B.Sc., or at the first LLB. examination, or at the preliminary scientific and first M. B. examinations, within three academical years from the tune of his passing the matriculation examination. There are also minor prizes.
The Gilchrist Scholarships are awarded as follows:
(a) For Male Candidates.— £50 per annum for three years to the candidate from the Royal Medical College, Epsom, who at the June matriculation examination stands highest among the candidates approved by the head master, and who passes either in honours or in the first division. A similar amount to the highest candidate at the same examination from Owens College, Manchester, provided he pass in honours. Should no candidate so pass, two scholarships of £25 per annum each are awarded to the two candidates from that college who shall stand highest in the first division.
(b) For Female Candidates.— An exhibition of £30, and one of £20, tenable for two years, will be awarded to the two female candidates who pass highest in the honours division; and two further exhibitions—one of £40 and the other of £30 per annum, tenable for two years—will be awarded to the two female candidates who pass highest at the first B.A. examination. A gold medal (or books) of the value of £20 will be awarded In the female candidate who passes highest in the second B.A. examination, provided she obtain not less than two-thirds of the total number of marks.
Two scholarships, each of the value of £100 per annum, and tenable for four years, are annually awarded to the two candidates who pass highest in the matriculation examination carried on at the three presidential capitals; provided that such candidates pass either in the honours or in the first division.
a. A scholarship of £100 per annum, and tenable for three years, is annually awarded to the highest among those candidates at the matriculation examination carried on in the Dominion of Canada, who pass either in the honours or in the first division.
2. A similar scholarship, under the same conditions, is annually awarded to the candidate who
passes the highest at the matriculation examination carried on in the West India Colonies.
3. A similar scholarship, under the same conditions, is biennially awarded to the candidate who passes highest at the matriculation examination carried on in Hobart Town, Tasmania.
4. A scholarship of £100 per annum, tenable for three years, is annually awarded to the Bachelor of Arts of one of the Universities of Sydney and Melbourne (alternately) who may be nominated by the authorities of those universities. All these scholarships are given on the understanding that the candidate is desirous of prosecuting his or her studies at certain universities or collegiate institutions. Further information respecting them may be obtained on application to the secretary to the Gilchrist Educational Trust, University of London, Burlington-gardens W
The West Scholarship of the value of £30, tenable for one year, is awarded by the Council of University College, London, to that candidate at the June matriculation examination who distinguishes himself the most in English. Particulars may be had of the secretary at the College, Gower-street.
The above information has been given in detail as being useful to intending matriculating students. It is unnecessary to give in this place the very long list of exhibitions and prizes which are open to matriculated students who distinguish themselves in the further examination for honours in the various degrees. All further information may be obtained from and all communications should be addressed to, “The Registrar of the University of London, W.”
The following are the dates at which the several examination in the University of London for the year 1879-80 will commence:
MATRICULATION. — Monday January 13, and Monday, June 30, 1879 and Monday, January 12, 1880.
BACHELOR OF ARTS. — First B.A., Monday, July 21; Second B.A., Monday, October 27.
MASTER OF ARTS.—Branch I., Monday, June 2; Branch II., Monday, June 0; Branch III, Monday, June 16.
DOCTOR OF LITERATURE.— First D.Lit., Monday, June 2; Second D.Lit., Tuesday, December 2.
BACHELOR OF SCIENCE—First B.Sc, Monday, July 21; Second B.Sc., Monday, October 20.
DOCTOR OF SCIENCE.—Within the first twenty-one days of June.
BACHELOR OF LAWS. — Firs LL.B. and Second LLB, Monday January 6, 1879, and within the first fourteen days of January, 1880.
DOCTOR OF LAWS.—Thursday January 16, 1879, and in the week following the LL.B. Pass Examinations in January, 1880.
BACHELOR OF MEDICINE.— Preliminary Scientific, Monday July 21 First M.B., Monday July 28; Second M.B., Monday, November 3.
BACHELOR OF SURGERY. —Tuesday, November 25.
MASTER IN SURGERY.—Monday, November 24.
DOCTOR OF MEDICINE.—Monday, November 24.
BACHELOR OF MUSIC —First B. Mus., Monday, December 8; Second B. Mus., Monday, December 15.
Unsectarian” Places of Worship.—The following information has been kindly furnished by the respective ministers the “terms of membership” being given in their own words:
GLEBE PLACE OF WORSHIP CHAPEL, Glebe House, Chelsea. - Terms of membership: “Repentance on account of sin, pardon by the blood of the cross of Christ, and constant obedience to the revealed Word of God.” Seat rents, 2s. 6d. per quarter; no collections at the doors; a box to help general expenses. This Church was founded, or rather reformed, on account of the views of Christian communities, and denies all vile and vain ritual, fancy fairs, and all such like vanities, to raise money, &c.
GRAFTON HALL, Grafton-street, Fitzroy-square, W.—Terms of membership: “A profession of faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, and acceptance of the Bible as the Word of the only true God.” Seats all free. The congregation and Church worshipping here are the fruit of the labours of the
pastor of the “Christian Men’s Union Gospel Mission” and his helpers.
PROTESTANT EVANGELICAL CHAPEL, Whitehorse-street Stepney.— Terms of membership: “Faith in Christ. We believe that the Church of Christ is a family, and not a society connected together by identity of opinion; so that wherever Christ has a lover, we have a brother.” Seat rents (charges not stated) go to defray the working expenses. The pastor is supported by the voluntary offerings of the congregation.
SEAMEN’S CHAPEL, St. George’s-street, near Well-street, opposite the London Docks.—All seats free. This chapel is one of the Seamen’s Christian Friend Society’s Mission stations, and the society is established on the same basis as the Bible Society, i.e. unsectarian.
THE CHAPEL OF THE CHILDREN’S HOME, Bonner-rd, Victoria-park.—No membership exists. All seats free. The chapel is connected with the Children’s Home Orphanage and Refuge, but is open to the public. The musical service is conducted by a trained choir of the children.

Uruguay, Republic of Monte Video
. — CONSULATE, 49, Lower Belgrave-street, S. W. NEAREST Railway Stations Victoria (Dist. and Brighton and South Coast); Omnibus Routes, Grosvenor-place and Buckingham Palace-road; Cab Rank, At Station.

Uxbridge Road
, the great western road, is certainly the finest approach to London, the road being everywhere broad and straight. At Shepherd’s-bush London may be said to begin. Thence a magnificently wide road leads up through Notting-hill, past the mansions of Holland-park, with their line of poplar trees skirting the road, through Notting-hill High-street, and then on past the north side of Kensington-gardens and Hyde-park to the Marble Arch. Upon the northern side of the road are a succession of splendid terraces, conspicuous among which are Lancaster-gate and Hyde-park-gardens. There are few such drives in the world, and at the end of May, when the foliage is at its brightest and freshest, and the road is alive with handsome equipages, its beauty is remarkable. No stranger in London should omit this drive. Omnibuses run at frequent intervals from Regent’s-circus to Shepherd’s-bush.