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WITH the greatest forethought and the best taste, Louisa had forwarded to her
mistress the most simple and unassuming garb which the boudoir contained,
amongst its miscellaneous articles of female attire.
Dressed in the garments which suited her sex, Eliza was a
fine and elegant woman - above the common female height, yet graceful in her
deportment, and charming in all her movements. Her shoulders possessed that
beautiful slope, and the contours of her bust were modelled in that ample and
voluptuous mould, which form such essential elements of superb and majestic
Although so long accustomed to masculine attire, there was
nothing awkward - nothing constrained in her gait; her step was free and light,
and her pace short, as if that exquisitely turned ankle, and long narrow foot
had never known aught save the softest silken hose, and the most delicate
In a word, the beauty of Eliza Sydney was of a lofty and
imposing order ;- a pale high brow, melting hazel eyes, a delicately-chiselled
mouth and nose, and a form whose matured expansion and height were rendered more
commanding by its exquisite symmetry of proportions.
The morning journals published an account of the
extraordinary attempt at fraud detected at the Bank on the previous day ; and
the utmost curiosity was evinced by an immense crowd that had collected to
obtain a view of the prisoners, especially the female one, as they alighted from
the separate cabs in which they were conveyed to the Mansion House for
re-examination. Eliza's countenance was flushed and animated, and the expression
of her eyes denoted profound mental excitement: Stephens was ghastly pale :- the
lawyer maintained a species of sullen and reserved composure.
The police-office at the Mansion House was crowded to excess.
Sir Peter Laurie presided; and on his right hand was seated the Earl of
Warrington. Mr. Pakenham was also present, in company with the solicitor of the
Bank of England.
The moment the prisoners appeared in the dock, Eliza in a
firm tone addressed the magistrate, and intimated her intention of making the
most ample confession, in accordance with her promise of the preceding day. She,
was accommodated with a chair, and the chief clerk proceeded to take down the
narrative which detailed the origins and progress of this most extraordinary
Alas! that so criminal a tale should have been accompanied by
the music of that flute-like voice; and that so foul a history should have
emanated from so sweet a mouth. Those words of guilt which trembled upon her
lips, resembled the slime of the snail upon the leaf of the rose
When the confession of Eliza Sydney was fully taken down, and
signed by her the Earl of Warrington's solicitor entered into a statement which
placed the magistrate in full possession of the facts of the case.
We shall now proceed to acquaint our readers with the
complete history formed by these revelations.
"The late Earl of Warrington was a man of eccentric and
peculiar habits. An accident in his infancy had rendered his person deformed and
stunted his growth, and, being endowed with tender feelings and acute
susceptibilities, he could not bear to mingle in that society where his own
physical defects were placed in strong contrast with the fine figures, handsome
countenances, and manly forms of many of his aristocratic acquaintances. He
possessed a magnificent estate in Cambridgeshire; and in the country seat
attached to that domain did he pass the greater portion of his time in solitude
"The bailiff of the Warrington estate was a widower, and
possessed an only child - a daughter. Letitia Hardinge was about sixteen years
of age when the Earl first took up his abode in Cambridgeshire, in the year
1790. She was not good looking; but she possessed a mild and melancholy
expression of countenance, and an amiability of disposition, which rendered her
an object of interest to all who knew her. She was fond of reading; and the
library at the neighbouring mansion was always open to her inspection.
"The reserved and world-shunning Earl soon became
attracted towards Letitia Hardinge. He found that she possessed a high order of
intellect and he delighted to converse with her. By degrees he experienced a
deep attachment towards a being whose society often relieved the monotonous
routine of his life ; and the gratitude which Letitia entertained towards the
Earl for his kindness to her, soon partook of a more tender feeling. She found
herself interested in a nobleman of high rank and boundless wealth, who was
compelled to avoid the great world where the homage shown to his proud name
appeared to him to be a mockery of his physical deformity ; she ministered to
him with all a woman's devotedness, during a tedious and painful malady which
seized upon him shortly after his arrival in Cambridgeshire; and at length her
presence became as it were necessary to him.
"They loved: and although no priest blessed their union,
they entertained unalterable respect and affection for each other. That dread of
ridicule which had driven the Earl from society, and which with him was a
weakness amounting almost to folly, prevented the solemnization of his nuptials
with the woman he loved. She become pregnant [-85-] and
the day that made the Earl the father of a daughter, robbed him of the mother of
that innocent child who was thus born in sin!
"Letitia Hardinge, the Earl's natural child, grew up in
health and beauty. The father was dotingly attached to her, and watched her
growth with pride and adoration. She was sixteen years of age, when Frederick,
the Earl's nephew and heir presumptive to the title and vast estates of the
family, arrived in Cambridgeshire to pay his respects to his uncle, on his
emancipation from college. The young man's parents had both died in his infancy,
and he was entirely dependant upon the Earl.
"Letitia Hardinge passed as the niece of the Earl of
Warrington. Frederick was acquainted with the real history of the young lady ;
and, previous to his arrival at the mansion of his uncle, he was not prepared to
treat her with any excess of civility. He was brought up in that aristocratic
school which looks upon pure blood as a necessary element of existence, and as
alone entitled to respect. But he had not been many days in the society of Miss
Hardinge, before his ideas upon this subject underwent a complete change, and he
could not help admiring her. Admiration soon led to love :- he became deeply
enamoured of her!
"The Earl beheld this attachment on his part, and was
rejoiced. An union between the two cousins would secure to his adored daughter
that rank and social position, which he was most anxious for her to occupy. As
the wife of the heir presumptive to the richest Earldom in the realm, her origin
would never be canvassed nor thought of. But Letitia herself returned not the
young man's love. By one of those extraordinary caprices, which so often
characterise even the strongest female minds, she had taken a profound aversion
to her suitor; and being of a high and independent disposition, not even the
dazzling prospect of wealth and title could move her heart in his favour.
"There was a farmer upon the Earl's estate, of the name
of Sydney. He had a son whose Christian name was Stanford - a handsome but
sickly youth, and by no means comparable to the polished and intellectual
Frederick. Nevertheless, Letitia entertained for this young man an affection
bordering upon madness. The Earl discovered her secret, and was deeply afflicted
at his daughter's predilection. He remonstrated with her, and urged the
necessity of conquering her inclinations in this respect. It was then that she
showed the temper and the spirit of a spoiled child, and declared that
she would follow the dictates of her own mind in preference to every other
consideration. The Earl swore a most solemn oath, that if she dared
marry Stanford Sydney, neither she nor her husband should ever receive one
single shilling from him!
"Reckless of this threat - indifferent to the
feelings of that father who had cherished her so fondly, the perverse girl one
morning abandoned the paternal home, and fled with Stanford Sydney, on whom she
bestowed her hand. The blow came like a thunderbolt upon the head of the old
Earl. He was naturally of a delicate and infirm constitution; and this sudden
misfortune proved too much for his debilitated frame. He took to his bed ; and a
few hours before his death he made a will consistent with his oath. He left all
his property to his nephew, with the exception of forty-one thousand pounds -
the amount of his savings since he had inherited the title. This will ordained
that his nephew should enjoy the interest of this aunt ; but that, should
Letitia bear a male child to Stanford Sydney, such issue should, upon attaining
the age of twenty-one years, receive as his portion flue above sum of forty-one
thousand pounds. Such was the confidence which the old Earl possessed in his
nephew, that he left the execution of this provision to him. It was also enacted
by that will, that should the said Letitia die without bearing a son to the said
Stanford Sydney ; or should a son born of her die previously to attaining his
twenty-first year, then the sum alluded to should become the property of
"The old man died, a prey to the deepest mental
affliction - indeed, literally heart-broken - shortly after making this will.
Frederick, who was honour and integrity personified, determined upon fulfilling
all the instructions of his uncle to the very letter.
"The fruits of the union of Stanford Sydney and Letitia
Hardinge were a daughter and a son. The name of the former was Eliza: that of
the latter was Walter. Eliza was a strong and healthy child ; Walter was sickly
and ailing from his birth. Shortly after the birth of Walter, the father, who
had long been in a deep decline, paid the debt of nature. Letitia was then left
a widow, with two young children, and nothing but a small farm for her support.
Her high spirit prevented her from applying to the Earl of Warrington - the man
whose love she had slighted and scorned ; and thus she had to struggle with
poverty and misfortune in rearing and educating her fatherless progeny. The farm
which she tenanted was situated in Berkshire, whither she and her husband had
removed immediately after the death of the father of Stanford. This farm
belonged to a gentleman of the name of Stephens -a merchant of
respectability and property, in the City of London.
"It was in the year 1829 that Robert Stephens appeared
at the farm-house, to announce the death of his father and his inheritance of
all the landed property which had belonged to the deceased. The widow was
considerably in arrears of rent Stephens inquired into her condition and
prospects, and learnt from her lips her entire history - that history which,
from motives of disappointed pride, she had religiously concealed from her
children. She was well aware of the provisions of the late Earl's will; but she
had determined not to acquaint either Eliza or Walter with the clause relative
to the fortune, until the majority of the latter. Towards Stephens she did not
manifest the same reserve, the revelation of that fact being necessary to
convince him that she possessed good perspective chances of settling those long
arrears, which she was in the meantime totally unable to liquidate.
"Robert Stephens was immediately attracted towards that
family. It was not the beauty of Eliza which struck him - he was a cold,
calculating man of the world, and considered female loveliness as mere dross
compared to sterling gold. He found that Walter was an amiable and
simple-hearted youth, and he hoped to turn to his own advantage the immense
inheritance which awaited the lad at his majority. He accordingly treated Mrs.
Sydney with every indulgence, forgiving her the arrears already accumulated, and
lowering her rent in future. He thus gained an immense influence over the
family; and when a sudden malady threw the widow upon her death-bed, it was to
Stephens that site recommended her children.
Stephens manifested the most paternal attention towards the
orphans, and secured their un-[-86-]bounded
gratitude, attachment, and confidence. But his designs were abruptly menaced in
an alarming manner. The seeds of consumption, which had been sown by paternal
tradition in the constitution of Walter, germinated with fatal effect and on the
14th of February, 1841, he surrendered. up his spirit.
"Scarcely had the breath left the body of the youth,
when Stephens, by that species of magic influence which he had already begun to
exercise over Eliza, induced her to assume her brother's garb; and she was
taught to believe, even by the very side of his corpse, that immense interests
were connected with her compliance with his wish. An old woman was the only
female attendant at the farm-house; and she was easily persuaded to spread a
report amongst the neighbours that it was the daughter who was dead. Eliza did
not stir abroad: Stephens managed the funeral, and gave instructions for the
entry in the parish register of the burial of Eliza Sydney; and, as Eliza
immediately afterwards repaired to the Villa at Clapton, the fraud was not
suspected in the neighbourhood of the Berkshire farm.
"Stephens duly communicated the deaths of Mrs. Sydney
and Eliza to the Earl of Warrington, and obtained an introduction to this
nobleman. He called occasionally in Grosvenor Square, during the interval of
four years and nine months which occurred between the reported death of Eliza
and the 26th of November, 1835 ; and invariably took care to mention not only
that Walter was in good health, but that he was residing at the Villa. His
lordship, however, on no occasion expressed a wish to see the young man: for
years had failed to wipe away the impression made upon Frederick's mind by the
deceased Letitia Harding!
"When Stephens introduced the disguised Eliza to the
nobleman, as Walter Sydney, upon the morning of the 26th of November, the Earl
entertained not the least suspicion of fraud. He knew that Stephens was the son
of an eminent merchant, and that he was well spoken of in society; and he was
moreover anxious to complete a ceremony which only recalled painful
reminiscences to his mind. Thus, so far as his lordship was concerned, the
deceit was managed with the most completer success; and there is no doubt that
the entire scheme might have been carried out, and the secret have remained for
ever undiscovered, had not a private warning been communicated in time to the
Bank of England.
Such was the complete narrative formed by the statement of
the Earl of Warrington, through his solicitor, and the confession of Eliza
Sydney. The history excited the most extraordinary interest in all who heard it;
and there was a powerful feeling of sympathy and commiseration in favour of
Eliza. Even Lord Warrington himself looked once or twice kindly upon her.
The examination which elicited all the facts detailed in the
narrative, and the evidence gone into to prove the attempt to obtain possession
of the money at the Bank of England, occupied until four o'clock in the
afternoon; when the magistrate, committed Robert Stephens, Hugh Mac Chizzle, and
Eliza Sydney to Newgate, to take their trials at the approaching session of the
Central Criminal Court.
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