IN presenting to the public the result of careful observations among the
poor of London, we should perhaps proffer a few words of apology for reopening a subject which has already been amply and ably treated.
We are fully aware that we are not the first on the field. "London Labour and London Poor" is still remembered by all who are
interested in the condition of the humbler classes; but its facts and
figures are necessarily ante-dated. In later times Mr. James Greenwood
has created considerable sensation by his sketches of low life, but the subject
is so vast and undergoes such rapid variations that it can never be
exhausted; nor, as our national wealth increases, can we be too frequently reminded
of the poverty that nevertheless still exists in our midst.
And now we also have sought to portray these harder phases of life, bringing to bear the precision of photography in illustration of our subject. The unquestionable accuracy of this testimony will enable us to present true types of the London Poor and shield us from the accusation of either underrating or exaggerating individual peculiarities of appearance.
We have selected our material in the highways and the byways, deeming that the familiar aspects of street life would be as welcome as those glimpses caught here and there, at the angle of some dark alley, or in some squalid corner beyond the beat of the ordinary wayfarer. It also often happens that little is known concerning the street characters who are the most frequently seen in our crowded thoroughfares. At the same time, we have visited, armed with note-book and camera, those back streets and courts where the struggle for life is none the less bitter and intense, because less observed. Here what may be termed more original studies have presented themselves, and will help to complete what we trust will prove a vivid account of the various means by which our unfortunate fellow-creatures endeavour to earn, beg, or steal their daily bread.