WESTMINSTER ABBEY: EDWARD THE CONFESSOR'S CHAPEL, WITH THE SHRINE.
This, the most famous of the chapels of Westminster Abbey, is immediately behind the High Altar. Edward the Confessor was the founder of the present Abbey, and his shrine was built by Henry III., but only the marble basement of the original structure remains. The chapel also contains the tombs of Henry III., Edward I., Edward III., Richard II., and Henry V., and of six queens. The Coronation Chair (on the left) was made for Edward, and encloses the celebrated stone on which first the Irish and then the Scottish kings were crowned. Since the time of Edward I., who brought the stone to London in 1297, the chair has been used at every coronation. That to the right was made for the use of Queen Mary when she and William of Orange were crowned.