INTERIOR OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS.
Not without reason is the house of Peers known as the Gilded Chamber. Under the canopy at the south end is the Throne, with a seat on the right for the Prince of Wales and on the left for the Monarch's consort. In front of the throne is the Lord Chancellor's Woolsack. In the foreground of our view is the Bar to which the Commons are summoned, where also barristers plead in appeals to the Lords. The red benches accommodate 550 members. In the galleries flanking the Throne are places for ambassadors and distinguished strangers; the side galleries are for peeresses. The Chamber is embellished with portraits of Kings and Queens of England since the Conquest, with statues of King Johns barons, and with frescoes illustrative of scenes in English history.
source: The Queen's London : a Pictorial and Descriptive Record of the Streets, Buildings, Parks and Scenery of the Great Metropolis, 1896