THE MUSEUM, KEW GARDENS, FROM THE PALM HOUSE.
To distinguish it from others, the Museum at Kew Gardens of which a picture appears above is known as Museum No. 1. Consisting of three floors, and Italian in style, the building faces the Palm House, the large and picturesque lake lying between the two structures. The Museum was begun in the early fifties, and it was extended in 1881, so crowded had it become with the vegetable economic products and preparations of scientific interest sent for exhibition within its walls. Foods, drugs, fibres, timber, are among the varied and carefully classified specimens, and in some cases the processes of manufacture are illustrated. It has been well said that the aim of the authorities is to explain in this Museum everything of interest to botanists which the plants, while alive, cannot set forth.
source: The Queen's London : a Pictorial and Descriptive Record of the Streets, Buildings, Parks and Scenery of the Great Metropolis, 1896