Victorian London - Directories - Dickens's Dictionary of London, by Charles Dickens, Jr., 1879 - "MAN-MET"

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Mansion House.— This official palace of the City sovereign is only about 120 years old, and was built by Dance on the site of the old stocks market. Its principal feature is a Corinthian portico with six fluted columns, but the broad staircase which should lead up to them is missing- and the portico approached by two little side flights, has a slightly inconsequent air perched up some dozen feet or so over the heads of passers-by. The building itself has something of the general air of a Roman palazzo, and had originally a central courtyard; this, however, has now been roofed in, and so converted into what is known as the Egyptian Hall; not on account of anything particularly Egyptian about it, but as a delicate compliment to Vitruvius. It contains some statues by British artists—Foley, Bailey, Marshall, and others—and affords a fine dining-hall for the great City banquets. It is also frequently used for large charitable and other meetings in furtherance of objects taken under the special patronage of the Lord Mayor for the time being. NEAREST Railway Stations, Mansion House (Dist.) and Cannon-Street (SE.); Omnibus Routes, Cheapside, Queen Victoria-street, King William-st, Cornhill, Thread. needle-street, and Moorgate-street; Cab Rank, King William-street.

Mansion House Street
.— Many Londoners would deny that such a Street exists, but, in fact, the few houses at the end of the Poultry, facing the Mansion House, and the Mansion House itself, officially stand in Mansion House-street. We apply the term for convenience to the open space in front of the Mansion House, where Cheapside, Princes-street, Threadneedle - street, Cornhill, Lombard. street, King William-street, and Queen Victoria-street unite. As Chasing-cross is the heart of all London, this great junction is the heart of the City and the traffic that meets and crosses here is bewildering. With the exception, to some extent, of Lombard-street, all these streets are main arteries of traffic, and their united flow is so confusingly great that a timid person would it absolutely impossible to effect a crossing from the Bank to the Mansion House without assistance. Here are the three great centres of City life. The Bank of England, the Royal Exchange—which contains Lloyd’s —and the Mansion House. In the streets around are all the great banking establishments of London, and the wealth within a quarter of a mile radius of this spot is incalculable. Of all the sights of London there is nothing which fills a foreigner with such a sense of amazement and admiration as the mighty ceaseless flow of traffic in front of the Mansion House.

Mansions (Private).
The art treasures belonging to the great families will generally be found in their country palaces, but sufficient objects of interest are kept in London to make a visit to some of the great private mansions interesting.
APSLEY HOUSE, Hyde Park Corner, is principally famous as the residence of the great Duke of Wellington, who largely improved it and added a picture gallery which contains a fair collection. The most interesting objects in Apsley House, however, are those which are more intimately  connected with the “Iron Duke” himself—such, for instance, as the services of plate and china presented to him by various crowned heads and public bodies, and most interesting of all, his bedroom, with the celebrated camp bedstead, which is religiously preserved as it was left at his death.
BRIDGEWATER HOUSE, Cleveland-row, with a fine frontage towards the Green-park, is remarkable for the Bridgewater collection of pictures, a portion of the gallery of the first Duke of Sutherland. The Bridgewater estates and pictures became the property of the Egerton family on the death of the duke in 1833. Of the Bridgewater House collection Mrs. Jameson says that it has had the most favourable and the most refining influence on the public taste of all the private collections.
DEVONSHIRE HOUSE, PiccadilIy the residence of the chief of the Cavendish family, is screened from pedestrians by a high brick wall, and stands in extensive grounds. The principal attractions are the gems and the Kemble plays, originally the property of John Philip Kemble. The late duke was a liberal and enlightened patron of literature and the fine arts, and it was here that the brilliant company of the Guild of Literature and Art produced, for the first time, Lord Lytton’s comedy, “Not so Bad as we Seem.”
GROSVENOR House, Upper Grosvenor-street, the residence of the Duke of Westminster, is one of the few houses in London distinguished for ambitious architectural effects; the colonnades in Grosvenor-street and in the park frontage being in their way unique. A very fine collection of pictures is hung in the galleries. The old masters are strongly represented; but the magnificent specimens of Reynolds, Hogarth, and Gainsborough, will have more interest for the ordinary visitor. This gallery is particularly noticeable as having been one of the first that was opened to the public— with special reference to the working classes—on Sundays. It is to be regretted that the liberality of the duke was somewhat ill-requited.
HOLLAND HOUSE, Kensington, is principally celebrated for its library and for its literary associations. Addison, who married the widow of Lord Warwick, to whom the house belonged, died here; and here lived for many years the great Charles James Fox. It was in the time of the third Lord Holland—or rather in that of Lady Holland—that Holland House was in its zenith, and was the head-quarters of some of the most brilliant men of a brilliant epoch.
LANSDOWNE HOUSE, Berkeley-square, is chiefly noticeable for its gallery of sculpture, ancient and modern; and for the fact that Priestley here made his discovery of oxygen when librarian to Lord Shelburne. Among the pictures, those of Reynolds are the most important.
STAFFORD HOUSE belonging to the Duke of Sutherland, situated near the St. James’s Palace – and a palace itself – has a  magnificent collection of pictures, including the portion of the Stafford Gallery which did not pass with the Bridgewater Gallery. There is no private collection of pictures in London better worthy of careful inspection than this. Stafford House has been the scene of some of the most superb receptions ever given in this country.
In addition to the above are many private mansions of great interest, amongst which may be mentioned those of Lord Ashburton, Bath House, Piccadilly; of Mr. Holford, Dorchester House, Park-lane; of Mr Beresford Hope, Arklow House, Connaught-place; of the Earl of Dudley, Park-lane; of Lord Northbrook, Hamilton-place, Piccadilly; of the Marquis of Bute, Eccleston-SqUare ; and of Sir Richard Wallace in Manchester-square, which is, indeed, one of the most interesting of all. Information as to admission to most of these collections may be obtained by application to Mitchells library, in Old Bond-street, or to Messrs. Colnaghi, Pall Mall-east.

Maps—The ordinary ordnance maps of London and its environs are:  1. One on a scale of one inch to a mile, which shows the environs stretching some eighteen miles to east and west, and twelve or thirteen north and south, of the City, sold at 2s. 6d. per copy and dating about fifty years back. 2. The same map on four quarter sheets, at 1s. per quarter, showing improvements up to 1872. 3. A map contained on four sheets, scale six inches to a mile, price 1s. per sheet, which sheets are also published in four quarters at the same price, on a scale of twelve inches. Both the latter are what are known as skeletons—that is to say, only showing streets, roads, and rivers, without houses or other characteristics. The next size is a map on a scale of twenty-five inches to a mile, published in eighty-nine sheets, at 2s. 6d - each, which gives full details of houses, &c. and the last and largest on a scale of five feet to a mile, in 327 sheets, at 2s. each. These form the basis of most, if not of all, the private maps published , the skeletons being filled up in each case in accordance with the special object in view. Dealing first with what may be termed the normal map, which gives streets, squares, buildings, &c without any very specially distinguishing method of treatment, REYNOLDS’S COLOURED MAP OF LONDON is the most comprehensive of those that have as yet come into our hands, being, indeed, the only one which takes any account of that not very fashionable, but very populous district fast springing up west of Shepherd’s Bush-green, and threatening, before many years or even months are over, to join London to Acton as it has already joined it to Richmond. It is divided into quarter-miles, and has an illustrated index of streets, &c. MESSRS. W. H. SMITH & SON’s NEW PLAN OF LONDON it a remarkably clear and well-printed skeleton map, extending from Hammersmith to Blackwall, and from Upper Holloway to Brixton. It is very lightly and judiciously coloured, all water being tinted blue, and all grass green; whilst omnibus and tramway routes are traced out in yellow. The number of these routes, and the way in which they permeate every section of the town, is one of the most striking features of London, and comes out in this map with especial clearness. Another good point is the distinguishing between underground and surface railways, not in the ordinary fashion by eliminating the former altogether, but by differently-coloured lines. Altogether this map, which is divided into half-mile squares, calculated from St. Paul’s, is one of the most generally useful we have received. COLLINS’S STANDARD MAP OP LONDON, with illustrated guide, is a large, useful map, boldly printed, and with the stations, railways, docks, canals, &c., brought prominently forward by means of colour. It is divided into mile squares, indicated at the top and bottom by letters, and at the sides by figures, and has attached to the wrapper a small pamphlet, with woodcuts of some of the principal places of interest, and brief notes upon them. PHILLIPS’S MAP OF LONDON FOR VISITORS is of a similar kind, but on a somewhat smaller scale, more lightly printed, and with a less free use of colour. It is divided on the same principle, but into half-mile squares, and is printed on rather thicker paper. WALTHAM BROTHERS’ POCKET MAP OF LONDON (C. Smith and Co.) is a rough-and-ready little article, about the size of a small cotton pocket-handkerchief, mounted on strong calico, and folding into almost the compass of a rather small purse. It is a skeleton map, but is very clear and good, the railways and stations being printed in red. HOULSTON’S HANDY MAP OF LONDON is very similar, but on paper only, and folding into a paper wrapper. THOMAS LETTS’S SOUTH LONDON, and OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE BOAT-RACE MAPS are, as their name implies, partial in their bearing. The former, indeed, which is on the one-inch scale, has a rather more ambitious scope than its title would necessarily imply, being, in fact, a map not so much of South London as of the southern environs extending a mile or two beyond Croydon and Cheam. It is a very handy little map, about three inches square when folded in its cloth case, and very clearly drawn. The boat-race map is about the same size or a trifle bigger, and deals, as its name implies, exclusively with that section of the river between Putney and Mortlake, over which the famous race is rowed. It is on the six-inch scale, giving roads, paths, &c., in considerable detail and is a very useful companion for any stranger bent on assisting at the great aquatic event of the London year.
We come next to three railway maps, all of considerable interest in relation to the subject with which they more especially deal. MESSRS. W. H. SMITH & SONS RAILWAY STATION MAP OF LONDON AND ITS ENVIRONS, on the scale of one inch to one mile, extends from Windsor to Chiselhurst, and from a little north of Edgware to about a mile south of Epsom Downs. The tinting here is in counties, but is put in very lightly, thus throwing up the heavily-marked railway lines, which are the especial feature of the map. Following out the same idea, the names of railway stations are printed in a blacker type than that used for other places, the various indications of parks, gentleman’s seats, roads, &c., being also kept under as much as possible. One peculiar feature of this map is the unusually elaborate manner in which it is marked off for the calculation of distances. It is divided not only into three-mile squares, but into mile circles, the starting-point in each case being St. Paul’s. Altogether, for railway use, one of the best maps of the series. AIREY’S RAILWAY MAP is almost unique in its way, devoting itself to its subject with a singleness of purpose which is really almost sublime, and absolutely ignoring all such minor features of the country it portrays as hills, roads, streets, churches, public buildings, and so forth. It is rather startling at first to find the Metropolitan Railway pursuing its course through a country as absolutely devoid of feature as was the “Great Sahara” in the good old African maps of the Pre-Spekian period. But, as a matter of fact, it is only by such means that Mr. Airey attains, or can attain, his object, which is just to convey in simple but unmistakable form a considerable amount of curious information as to the ownership of the various lines which honeycomb the metropolis in every direction. Some of the facts thus conveyed are rather quaint, as, for instance, when we find a stray fragment of the London, Chatham, and Dover extending from the Crystal Palace High Level station to Nunhead, and thence, on either hand, to Blackheath-hill and Peckham Rye, absolutely isolated from the rest of the system, and only accessible over the metals of the London & Brighton Company. The real student of the metropolis will find this map well worth studying. LONDON RAILWAYS SIMPLIFIED AND EXPLAINED is a trifle less rigid in the simplicity of its adherence to one idea, inasmuch as it devotes a plain thick line—a mere scratch such as in ordinary maps of Europe serves to denote a fourth-rate river—to the tracing out of the more important streets and roads. But with it, as with  Mr. Airey’s, the railway system is the be-all and the end-all of its existence, and from it may in like manner be extracted a large store of useful and interesting information, much of it, indeed, to the ordinary traveller, of even more practical interest. The map distinguishes each separate railway according to its proprietary by a double system of colours and continuous or broken lines. Where the trains of one company have running powers over the metals of another, the same coloured or marked line is continued alongside of that proper to the railway itself but of a lighter type. In some instances five or six different lines may be seen wending their way side by side, while the uninitiated student is astonished to find the Midland, the North Western, and so forth, stretching out their feelers half-way between London and Brighton, whilst on the other hand the London and Brighton line burrows under the river on its way to Liverpool-street, and the ubiquitous London, Chatham, and Dover thinks nothing of thrusting out its tentacles to Palmer’s Green or Colney Hatch. It may be observed that these two maps do not in all respects entirely agree, as, for example, in the case of the little bit of London, Chatham, and Dover already referred to; which the map now in question connects with the parent metals by a line of its own running alongside the London and Brighton road from Peckham Rye. The ILLUSTRATED MAP OF LONDON (C. Smith and Son) is another specialty map, and of a very curious appearance, being printed on a solid orange ground, as of a glorified London fog. It is, however, one of the most useful maps that the tourist visitor could well carry about with him, every building of any importance, from his point of view, being given in propria persona on Brobdingnagian scale, whilst the omission of all ordinary houses, &c., and of all but the really important streets, reduces the problem of finding the way to a really charming simplicity. The railway stations too, coloured a bright red, are actual buildings into and out of which the railways to which they appertain pass visibly, as in the very structures themselves, and the whole map, which is by no means unwieldy in size, and which is strongly mounted on stiff cotton, is a capital companion. So, too, is the INDICATOR MAP OF LONDON and VISITORS GUIDE of the same firm, which has for specialty a good tape arrangement, by grace of which and of the alphabetical list of some 7,000 streets pasted into the cover, any required place can be found in a moment. The Indicator map, indeed, requires to be laid upon a table when consulted, and so far, for use at street corners its orange-coloured competitor would probably have the advantage of it. But, en revanche, the Indicator will conduct the enquirer at once to thousands of places with, which the other does not profess or care to deal, and for practical indoor use is probably one of the best published.
Arriving now at the maps of the country immediately around London, one of the handiest little sheets of really pocket size is LETTS’S ENVIRONS OF LONDON, on the inch scale, which folds up into a little cloth case of between three and four inches square, and is exceedingly clear and legible It extends from Hanwell to Erith Marshes, and from about a mile north of Friern Barnet to about half a mile south of Norwood Junction, the railways being coloured red except when under ground. It may, perhaps be questioned whether this exception is not a mistake, the almost entire disappearance of the Metropolitan Railway thus produced having a rather curious effect. But it is a capital little map. HOULSTON S HANDY MAP OF SURREY is another of the same kind, quite small enough for the waistcoat-pocket, yet containing all necessary detail. LETTS’S SURVEY OF THE COUNTRY ROUND LONDON, to the distances of thirty-two miles from St. Paul’s, is, of course, a much larger sheet, though on a slightly smaller scale. It contains also rather more detail, but dispenses altogether with the use of colour. STANFORD’S MAP OF TWELVE MILES ROUND LONDON, on the other hand, which is on a considerably larger scale, uses colour freely, to distinguish between the various counties; the railways also being laid down in red, while the parks, river, are shown similarly distinguished. MESSRS. W. H. SMITH & SON’S MAP OF THE ENVIRONS OF LONDON, on the scale of one inch to one mile, extends from Windsor to East Wickham, and from South Mimms to Epsom Downs. It is coloured in counties, of which it contains portions of no less than eight, the railways being strongly marked in red. The roads, parks, gentleman’s seats, &c., with all the natural features of the country, are clearly distinguished, the names of all places of any importance being printed in type of a size very acceptable to eyes that have lost something of their first vigour. THE EXCURSIONIST’S MAP OF THE ENVIRONS OF LONDON is on the half-inch scale, and uses colour for the boundaries of counties only. It is a useful map for its purpose, and giving fewer details than that last mentioned, is to some extent easier of reference. On the other hand REYNOLDS’S OARSMAN’S AND ANGLER’S MAP OF THE RIVER THAMES, from its source to London. bridge, and the same firm’s COLOURED CHART OF THE THAMES ESTUARY, with map of the river from London to Gravesend, abound in detail; the former especially having its wide margin studded thick with useful hints as to islands, weirs, ferries, currents, favourable fishing-grounds, preserves, but the two finest maps that have come into our hands are STANFORD’S ENVIRONS OF LONDON, extending twenty-five miles from the metropolis, and the same firm’s magnificent six-inch scale map of London in twenty-four handy sheets. It is hardly necessary to say that neither of them are strictly adapted—or intended—for casual study at street corners on stormy days, but for home use they are as nearly perfect as maps can well be, while their scale admits of an amount of detail which in smaller sheets would be hopelessly confusing to the most practised eye.

Marble Arch
, at the west end of Oxford-street, nearly opposite Edgware-rd. Formerly stood Outside Buckingham Palace—NEAREST Railway Station, Edgware-road ; Omnibus Routes, Edgware. road, Oxford-street, and Baker. Street.

Marlborough Club,
Pall Mall. — No particular qualification. Entrance fee, £31 10s. subscription, £10 10s.

Marylebone Theatre,
Church -street, Edgware-road.— A local house of the provincial type. NEAREST Railway Station, Edgware-road;Omnibus Routes, Church-street and Edgware-road.

,—strictly the immediate neighbourhood of Berkeley-square, but commonly known as the district lying between Park-lane, Picadilly, Bond-street, and Brook-street, is still, from the society point of view, the creme de la creme of residential London. The smallest and most inconvenient house—--and it still contains many to which the term “house” is barely applicable but by courtesy —lets readily at a rent which, in less sought-after neighbourhoods, would provide a handsome establishment. The larger portion of the district belongs to the Duke of Westminster, whose own residence is in Grosvenor-street, and who, as fast as the leases fall in, is rebuilding the old-fashioned houses in more comfortable modern style. In point of ‘fashion” Belgravia no doubt competes with it, but there is a more aristocratic flavour about Mayfair, besides which it stands, topographically, on higher and therefore healthier ground. The church provision is mostly of a very old-fashioned type, consisting chiefly of proprietary chapels, either in their original form or rechristened by the style of district churches, with the services, pews, ‘three-deckers,” &c., differing but little, if at all, from those of thirty years ago. The chief Roman Catholic place of worship is the Jesuit Church in Farm-street, which is one of the Sunday sights of London. There is hardly any dissenting accommodation. The few shops are small, and very dear, but Regent-street, Bond-street, and Piccadilly are close at hand. The three nearest stations—Baker-Street (Metrop.), Portland-road (Metrop.), and Victoria (District) — are each about three-quarters of a mile distant from the nearest point. The omnibus routes of Park-lane. Piccadilly, Regent. street, and Oxford-street, skirt Mayfair on the respective sides.

Medical Education and Registration
(General Council of), 315, Oxford-street, W. NEAREST Railway Station, Portland-road; Omnibus Routes, Baker-street, Oxford-street, Regent-street. Cab Rank, Great Portland-street.

Members of Parliament for Metropolitan Boroughs and Counties.
Baring, Thos. Chas  Essex. S. 
Beresford, Col. F. M. Southwark 
Boord, Thos. Wm...Greenwich  
Cecil, Lord F. H. G. B. Essex, W.  
Chambers, Sir Thos. Marylebone
Coope, Octavius E  Middlesex
Cotton, Ald. W. J. R London  
Cubitt, George     Surrey, W.  
Duke, Sir C. Wentworth. - Chelsea  
Fawcett, Henry          Hackney  
Forsyth, William .. . . Marylebone
Gladstone, Right Hon. William Ewart Greenwich  
Gordon, William - Chelsea
Goschen, Re. Hon. G. J. London  
Grantham, Wm., Q.C. Surrey, E.  
Hamilton, Right Hon. Lord Geo. Francis Middlesex  
Holms, John         Hackney  
Hubbard, Rt. Hon. J. G. London  
Ibbetson, Sir H. J. S. - Essex, W.  
Lawrence, Ald. Sir J. C. Lambeth  
Lawrence, Sir J.T. - Surrey, Mid.
Lewisham, Viscount... - Kent, W.  
Locke, John      Southwark  
Lowe, Rt. Hon. R. London Univ.  
Lush, Aid. Sir Andrew Finsbury  
M’Arthur, Ald. Wm. . - Lambeth  
Makins, Wm. Thos  Essex, S.  
Mills, Sir Chas. H   Kent, W.
Peek, Sir Hy. Wm. Surrey, Mid.  
Pim, Capt. Bedford -... Gravesend  
Ritchie, Chas. T. Tower Hamlets 
Russell, Sir Chas. - - Westminster
Samuda, J. D’A. Tower Hamlets 
Smith, Rt. Hn. W. H. Westminster
Steere, LeeSurrey, West
Torrens, Wm. T. M’C... Finsbury  
Twells, Philip    London  
Watney, James Surrey,E.

Mercers’ Company (The)
has its home in Ironmonger-lane, overlooking Cheapside. At present workmen are engaged in making additions to the building, which in its present condition is as snug and cosy as even City liverymen could desire. The Mercers have a chapel of their own, in which divine service is held every Sunday evening, and attended by a congregation of at least fifty persons, a respectable gathering for the city of London, where there are comparatively but few residents. Until recently the company had the entire management of St. Paul’s School, which was founded by Dean Colet, whose father was a mercer. At the present time they are patrons of three livings, managers of several schools and hospitals, and possess a large number of exhibitions to the two universities. There are three old pictures of special interest in the Court-room: Holbein’s portrait of Sir Thomas Gresham, Dean Colet, and Whittington, who is represented as a sedate and prosperous-looking person caressing a cat. A portrait of Lord Selborne has lately been added to the collection. Perhaps the most noteworthy objects in the place are the wood carving, and an ancient gateway which contains a shutter in the form of a portcullis. This machine is elaborately carved, and was one of the few things that escaped destruction in the Great Fire. Near the site of the present hall stood the house of Gilbert a’ Beckett, mercer, in which his son Thomas was born.

Merchant Taylors (The)
are the old rivals of the Fishmongers, and profess Conservative politics. Their hall, Threadneedle-street, which is on the ground-floor, is stated by its admirers to be the largest of all the City halls; by ordinary persons it might perhaps be considered the ugliest. It was built after the Great fire by Jarman. The latest addition to the portrait gallery is a likeness of Lord Justice Baggallay by J.Sant, R.A. Busts of Sir J. Pollock and the late Lord Derby stand in the vestibule before the drawing-room; and portraits of Wellington by Wilkie, and Pitt by Hoppner, are hanging in the gallery overlooking the hall. Many royal personages, eleven in all have belonged to the company, and a large number of peers and peeresses. Sir John Hawkwood, the famous freelance, was a Merchant Taylor as also was Stow, the historian. The master of the company used to be called the pilgrim, from the fact that he had to travel for his associates.

Merchant Taylors’ School
, Charterhouse-square, is one of the best of the public schools of London, and has little to fear in any competition. The ancient motto of the school, Homo plantat Homo irrigat sed Deus dat Incrementum, well expresses the aspiration of the “pious founders”; and the following extract from the old statute of 1561 sets forth the origin of the institution: “The Grammar-Schoole, founded in the’ Parish of St. Laurence Pountney, in London, in the Yere of our Lord God one thousand fyve hundred, sixty-one, by the Worshipfull Company of the Marchaunt Taylors, of the City of London, in the honour of Christ Jesu.” Presentations to the school are in the gift of the members of the court of assistants of the Merchant Taylors’ Company. The school is divided primarily into upper and lower; and the upper school into two divisions, called the classical side and the modern side. The lower school is preparatory to the upper, promotions being made from the lower to the upper twice a year according to individual proficiency. The half of Monday is, throughout the school, devoted to religious instruction. The dues are an entrance fee of  £3 and £12 12s., per annum, paid quarterly in advance, by boys in the lower, or £15 15s. per annum by boys in either department of the upper school. This includes every charge for education, except books. There is no boarding system, but boarders are received by the assistant-masters, and by other persons, with whom special arrangements must be made. No boy can be admitted unless he be over nine and under fourteen years of age, and p ass the entrance examination to the satisfaction of the head-master. The list of the scholarships and exhibitions to the universities is amazing, and the school scholarships themselves are of great importance. Such a list as that which is here appended is probably unparalleled: Twenty-one scholarships of £100 per annum, tenable for seven years under certain conditions at St. John’s College, Oxford; four Parkyn exhibitions of £90, for four years, to Cambridge, for mathematics; five Andrew exhibitions of £86 per annum, for five years, tenable at St. John’s College, Oxford, for history and modern languages; two Stuart exhibitions, one to Cambridge, of about £60, for four years, and one to Oxford, of £50, for eight years; four Company’s exhibitions of £40, for four years, to either Oxford or Cambridge; one school exhibition, of about £60, for four years, tenable at Oxford; two Pitt Club exhibitions, of about £30, for four years, tenable at Oxford or Cambridge; and one free medical and surgical scholarship annually at St. Thomas’s Hospital. All boys who have been in the school two years are eligible to the twenty-one scholarships at St. John’s College, Oxford, until the 11th of June preceding their nineteenth birthday. Candidates for other school exhibitions may in some cases have passed their nineteenth birthday, but must have been a certain time in the school, and attained a certain rank in it, and passed certain examinations. Ten scholarships are awarded annually by competition to boys who have been at least one year in the school. Four of these, called senior scholarships, are open to boys under sixteen, and are of the value of £30 per annum, and tenable as long as the holder remains in the school. One at least of these senior scholarships is awarded every year for modern subjects. The remaining six called junior scholarships, are open to boys under fourteen, and are of the value of £15, tenable for two years, or until the holder is elected to a senior scholarship It is not surprising that with advantages such as these the list of distinguished Taylorians should comprise the names of so many remarkable men. All information can be obtained from the secretary at the school. NEAREST Railway Station, Omnibus Route and Cab Rank, Aldersgate-street

Meteorological Office
, 116, Victoria-street, Westminster. NEAREST Railway Station, Victoria; Omnibus Route, Victoria Street; Cab Rank, Army and Navy Stores, Victoria-street.

Methodist Places of Worship
. The following information has been kindly furnished by the respective ministers, the “terms of membership” being given their own words:
LONDON 9TH CIRCUIT CHAPELS (two chapels): Little King-street Chapel, King-street, High-street, Camden-town, N.W.; Grafton-road Chapel, Prince of Wales-road, Kentish Town, N.W.—Terms of  membership: “Usual Method rules.” Seat rents various, from 1s. per sitting and upwards.
GRANGE-ROAD CHAPEL, Upper Grange-road,  Bermoisdsey, S.E. Terms of membership: “Class meeting and attendance upon the ordinance of the Lord’s Supper.” Seat rents, free will offerings. Erected by Union of Wesleyan Reformers from Weston-street 1871.
WILLOW-STREET METROPOLITAN METHODIST FREE CHURCH, Willow-street, Great Eastern-Street, EC.—Terms of membership: “Professed faith in Christ evinced by a Christian deportment,. and expressed by attendance at the Lord’s Supper, and a desire for Christian fellowship.” Seat rents from 1s, to 3s. per quarter. 

Methodist New Connexion Places of Worship. The following information has been kindly furnished by the respective ministers, the “terms of membership” being given in their own words:  
PACKINGTON-STREET CHAPEL,. Packington-street. Islington.— Terms of Membership: “Meeting in class and attendance on the
Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper.” Included in the London and Circuit Methodist New Connexion. Founded 1797.
MILTON-ROAD CHAPEL, Milton-road Stoke Newington.— Terms of membership : “Meeting in Class, and attendance on the Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper.” Included in the London and Circuit Methodist New Connexion. Founded 1797.  
NORTH END CHAPEL, North End, Fulham.—Terms of Membership “Meeting in class, and attendance on the Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper.” Included in the London and Circuit Methodist New Connexion. Founded 1797.

Metropolitan Board of Works,
Spring-gardens, S.W. Hours 9 till 4 Saturdays, 9 till 2.— The nearest approach to a municipal body in London outside the City. Great public works, such as the main drainage scheme, the embankments, the making of important new thoroughfares, &c., are entrusted to the Board; and a host of minor duties, involving much work for the members and heavy charges on the ratepayers, also devolve upon them. NEAREST Railway Stations, Charing-cross (S. E. and Dist.) ; Omnibus Routes Cockspur-street, Strand, and Whitehall; Cab Rank, Trafalgar-square.

County Courts.— REGISTRY FOR METROPOLITAN COUNTY COURTS: 2, New-street, Spring-gardens: nr. Charing-cross. BLOOMSBURY, Great Portland-street, Oxford-st. BOW COUNTY COURT: Bow-road. BROMPTON: Whitehead’s - grove, Chelsea. CITY OF LONDON COURT: Guildhall, City. CLERKENWELL: Duncan-ter, Islington. GREENWICH: Burney-street, Greenwich. LAMBRTH: Camberwell New-rd. MARYLEBONE:  179, Marylebone-road. SHOREDITCH: 221, Old-st. SOUTHWARK: Court House, Swan-street, Borough. WESTMINSTER: 82, St. Martin’s-lane. WHITECHAPEL : Great Prescot-street, Goodman’s-fields. WOOLWICH, Brewer-street, Woolwich.

Metropolitan Fire Brigade.
— The strength of the Metropolitan Fire Brigade at present is as follows:  50 fire-engine stations; 109 fire-escape stations; 4 floating stations; 56 telegraph lines; 104 miles of telegraph lines; 3 floating steam fire-engines; 1 iron barge, to carry a land steam fire-engine; 3 large land steam fire-engines; 26 small land steam fire-engines; 12 7-inch manual fire-engines; 60 6-inch manual fire-engines; 36 under 6-inch manual fire-engines ; 17 hose carts; 125 fire-escapes and long scaling ladders; 420 firemen, including the chief officer Capt. Eyre Massey Shaw, the superintendents, and all ranks. The number of firemen employed on the several watches kept up throughout the metropolis is at present 91 by day and 168 by night, making a total of 259 in every twenty-four hours; the remaining men are available for general work at fires. The number of fires attended by the brigade in 1878 was 1,659, of which 270 were “serious,” and 1,489 “slight.” The number of persons seriously endangered by fire in 1878 was 151, of whom 126 were saved, and 25 lost their lives. The number of journeys made by the engines of the fifty land stations in 1878 was 16,329, the total distance run being 41,327 miles. The quantity of water used for extinguishing fires in the metropolis during 1878 was 19,226,915 gallons, or about 85,000 tons. 
Head-quarters: Southwark-br-rd, SE.
Baker-street, 33, King-street.
Brompton,  Trafalgar-square.
Floating, off Millbank
Fulham, Purser-cross.
Hammersmith, Brook-gr-road.
Hampstead, Heath-street.
Kensington, King-street.
Kentish Town, 8, Highgate-road.
Notting Hill, Ladbroke-road.
Paddington, Hermitage-street
Portland-road, 171, Great Portland-street
Regent-street, 30, King-street.
St. John’s Wood, Adelaide-road.
Westminster, Victoria-street.
Chandos-street, 44 Chandos-st.
Clerkenwell, Farringdon-road.
Floating, off Southwark-bridge.
Holborn, 254, High Holborn.
Holloway, Seven Sisters-road.
Islington, Essex-road.
St. Luke’s, 64, Whitecross-street.
St. Pancras, King’s-road.
Watling-street, 66 to 69, Watling-street.
Bethnal Green, 283, Bethnal Green. road.
Bishopsgate, 23, Bishopsgate-street-without.
Bow, Glebe-road.
Floating, off Torrington-stairs, Limehouse-reach..
Hackney, Amhurst-road.
Isle of Dogs, junction of East and West Ferry-roads.
Mile End, 263, Mile End-rd.
Poplar, West India Dock-rd.
Ratcliff, 19, Broad-street.
Shoreditch, 380, Old-street.
Stoke Newington, 98, High-street.
Whitechapel, Commercial-road.
Battersea, Battersea-road, opposite Christchurch.
Blackheath, Tranquil-vale.
Brixton, 10, Shepherd’s-lane.
Camberwell, Peckham-road.
Clapham, near Trinity Church, Clapham-common.
Deptford, Evelyn-street.
Floating, off the P1atform-wharf, Rotherhithe.
Greenwich, 44, Blisset-st.
Kennington. Renfrew-road.
Lewisham, Rushey-green.
Old Kent-rd, corner of Thomas-st.
Rotherhithe, Comm-road, Southwark-park.
Sydenham, Crystal Palace.
Tooley-street, 164 and 165, Tooley-street.
Tooting, Balham-hill-road.
Waterloo, 142, Waterloo-road.
Wandsworth, 123 High-street.
Woolwich, Sun-street. 

Metropolitan Fire-Escape Stations.
Aldersgate-st, opposite Charterhouse School.
Aldgate Pump, Aldgate-high-st.
Bishopsgate-st, near Widegate-st.
Cheapside, G.P.O. yard.
Custom House-quay.
Farringdon-st, 27 ½
Finsbury-circus, corner ot West-st.
New Bridge-st, Blackfriars, by Obelisk.
Old Swan-pier.
Royal Exchange, by Wellington Statue.
St. Mary-at-hill, corner of Rood-la.
Broad Sanctuary, Westminster.
Brompton, near Knightsbridge-gr.
Eaton-sq, by St. Peter’s Church.
Fulham-rd, Pelham-crescent.
Howick-place, Victoria-street.
Sloane-square, Chelsea.
Warwick-sq, St. Gabriel’s Church. 
Conduit-st, corner of George-st.
Piccadilly, facing St. James’s Ch.
Regent-st, Argyll-place.
South Audley-st, by the chapel.
Baker-st, corner of King-st.
Edgware-rd, near Cambridge-terr.
Oxford-st, corner Marylebone-lane. Connaught-place.
Albany-st, by Trinity Church.
Bedford-row, South-end.
Chandos-st, 44
Endell-st, near Long Acre.
Euston-sq, Euston-rd, by St. Pancras Church.
Great Portland-st by the chapel.
Guildford-st, Foundling Hospital.
Hart-st, Bloomsbury, by St. George’s Church.
King’s-cross, Liverpool-st.
Oxford-st, opposite Dean-st, Soho.
Strand, by St. Clement’s Church.
Tottenham-court-rd, by the chapel.
Corner of Claremont-square and -Pentonville-rd, Clerkenwell.
Goswell-st, opposite St. Thomas’s Church.
Old-st, corner of Bath-st, St. Luke’s.
Old-st-rd, 380
St. John-st, opposite Corporation- -row, Clerkenwell
Commercial-rd, Whitechapel. Tower-hill, by the Mint.
Bethnal-green, opposite St. John’s Church.
Bow, Glebe-rd.
Corner of E. &  W India Dock-rd. 
Mile End-rd, opposite Charrington’s Brewery.
Near the Stepney railway-station.
Old Ford, St. Stephen’s-rd.
Poplar, opposite All Saints Church.
Ratcliffe, in Commercial-rd, by the “Swan” public-house.
St. George-in-the-East, front of the church.
St. John’s, Wapping from of the church.
Shadwell, High-at, opposite St. -Paul’s Church.
Wapping, Church-st.
West Ferry-rd, Isle of Dogs.
Lambeth, junction of Westminster-bridge and Kennington roads.
St. George’s-rd, south end.
Bermondsey, St. James’s Church. Blackfriars-rd, corner of Great Charlotte-st.
Southwark, front of St. George’s -Church.
Southwark-bridge-rd fire-engine-station.
Star-corner, Bermondsey.
Tooley-st, Vine-yard.
Hackney, Amhurst-rd.
Hoxton, in front of the “Sturt Arms.”
Islington, Newington-green~rd and 2 Cloudesley-rd, Barnsbury.
Kingsland, Ridley-rd.
Kingsland-road, by the workhouse.
Stoke Newington, High-st.
Arthur-st, Camberwell-gate.
Camberwell, on the green.
Corner of Thomas-st, Old Kent-rd.
Hill-st, High-st, Peckham.
Lewisham, Avenue-rd.
Old Kent-rd, by “Green Man”. gate.
Sydenham, in the High-st.
Blackheath, near the railway station.
Broadway, Deptford.
Deptford, Trinity Church.
Greenwich, opposite St. Alphage Church.
Rotherhithe, Cobourg-st, Commercial-docks, and the workhouse.
Woolwich, at the fire-engine-station in Sun-st.
Aberdeen-place, near St. John’s. wood-rd.
Camden Town, front of the “Southampton Arms.”
Hampstead, corner of Heath-st.
Marylebone-rd, corner of Albany-st.
St. John’s Wood, near “Eyre Arms,” end or “Swiss Tavern.”
Chelsea, King’s-rd, by Carlyle-sq.
Fulham, Walham-gn, Percy-cross;
Hammersmith, Broadway, Brook-green-rd.
Kensington, King-st.
Redcliffe-gardens, Brompton.
West Brompton railway-station.
Battersea, at the fire-engine-station.
Putney, adjoining police-station.
Wandsworth, at the fire-engine-station.
Balham-rd, fire-station.
Brixton, at the fire-engine-station in Shepherd’s-lane.
Clapham Old Town, fire-station. Spurgeon’s Orphanage, Clapham-rd, Stockwell.
Kilburn, Bridge-crescent.
Lancaster-gate, Bayswater-rd.
Notting-hill, Ladbroke-rd.
Paddington, Trinity Church.
Highbury-crescent, West-gates, Holloway-rd.
High-st, Camden-town, Cobden Memorial.
Kentish Town, at the fire-engine-station in Highgate-rd.
Kentish Town-rd, nr North London railway-bridge.
Metropolitan Cattle Market, near -“Lion”
Seven Sisters-rd fire-engine-station.