Victorian London - Directories - Dickens's Dictionary of London, by Charles Dickens, Jr., 1879 - "CAB-CHA"

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Cabs.—The cab laws of London are now except with regard to the distinctions drawn somewhat arbitrarily here and there between four-wheelers and hansoms, very simple and easy to be remembered. The main points to bear in mind are: that luggage carried outside is always to be paid for; that hansoms, though charged at the same rate as "growlers" when hired by distance—which is almost the on]y time when there is any particular gain in hiring them— cost 6d. an hour more when hired by time, and 8d. an hour more when standing still; and that you cannot make a man drive you about by the hour for more than one hour at a time. As for calculating fares, that must depend entirely on our own power of judging distance. Some people when in doubt take the driver's ticket and tell him to name his own fare; and when he is satisfied that he will be summoned if he be found to have overcharged, the plan is no doubt efficacious. The difficulty is to impress that conviction on his mind. A better plan is to judge by the time occupied and at will be found that about 1d. per minute is fair to both parties For 15 minutes 1s. 6d. should be paid, but 14 minutes may be taken to be within the 1s. This is not an official rate, but it will save trouble and generally prove right. It is as well to start with the clear understanding that, doubtful character as cabbie too often is, he is really by no means so black a sheep as be is sometimes painted. A hirer should always observe the number of a cab. If he leave any property in a cab be will possibly find it next day at the Lost Property Office, Great Scotland-yard, when, on payment of a percentage on the estimated value as a reward to the cabman for his honesty, he can obtain it back again. The following are the fares and general regulations as laid down by the Commissioners of Police:
FARES BY DISTANCE – 
If hired and discharged within the four-mile circle, for any distance not exceeding two miles – 1/-
… and for every additional mile of part of a mile – 6d
If hired, outside the four-mile circle, wherever discharged, for the first and each succeeding mile or part of a mile – 1/-
If hired within, but discharged outside, the four-mile circle, not exceeding one mile, 1s; exceeding one mile, then for each mile within the circle, 6d; and for each mile or part of a mile outside 1/-
FARES BY TIME – 
Inside the four-mile circle. Four-wheeled cabs, for one hour or less, 2s. Two-wheeled cabs, 2/6.
For every additional quarter of an hour or part of a quarter, four-wheeled cab, 6d; if a two-wheeled cab, -/8
If hired outside the circle, wherever discharged, for one hour or less, 2/6
If above one hour, then for every quarter of an hour or less -/8
If hired within, but discharged outside, the four-mile circle, the same.
EXTRA PAYMENTS – 
Hirers of Cabs should be particular in noticing these regulations, as disputes generally arise from their not being clearly understood.
Whether hired by distance or by time:
LUGGAGE. – For each package carried outside the carriage -/2
EXTRA PERSONS –
For each above two -/6
For each child under 10 years old -/3
By distance – WAITING :
For every 15 minutes completed:
If hired within the four-mile circle, four-wheels, 6d; two wheels -/8
If hired without circle, two or four wheels, -/8
GENERAL REGULATIONS.— 
Fares are according to distance or time, at the option of the hirer, expressed at the commencement of the hiring; if not otherwise expressed, the fare to be paid according to distance.
Driver, if hired by distance, is not compelled to drive more than six miles ; nor, if hired by time, to drive for more than one hour.
Agreement to pay more than legal fare is not binding; any sum paid beyond the fare may be recovered back.
Driver not to charge more than the sum agreed on for driving a distance, although such distance be exceeded by the driver.
If the driver agreed beforehand to take any sum less than the proper fare, the penalty for exacting or demanding more than the suns agreed upon is 40s.
The proprietor of every hackney carriage shall keep distinctly painted, both on the inside and outside, a table of fares ; and the driver shall have with him, and when required produce, the Authorised Book of Fares.
In case of any dispute between the hirer and driver, the hirer may require the driver to drive to the nearest metropolitan police-court or justice-room, when the complaint may be determined by the sitting magistrate without summons; or if no police-court or justice- room be open at the time, then to the nearest police station, where the complaint shall be entered, and tried by the magistrate at his next sitting
Every driver of any hackney carriage shall, when hired, deliver to the hirer a card printed according to the directions of the Commissioner of Police.
All property left in any hackney carriage shall be deposited by the driver at the nearest police station within twenty-four hours if not sooner claimed by the owner; such property to be returned to the person who shall prove to the satisfaction of the Commissioner of Police that the same belonged to him, on payment of all expenses incurred, and of such reasonable sum to the driver as the Commissioner shall award.
Cabmen's Shelters erected by the committee of the Cabmens Shelter Fund, with the hours each shelter is open

Archer-street,Westborne-grove, 12 noon to 2 am.
Clapham-common, 11 a.m. to 11 pm.
Eaton-square, 11 a.m to 11 p.m
Great Western Railway, Paddington, 10 a.m. to 10 p.m.
Hampstead, 10 a.m. to 10 p.m.
Harrow-road, 10 a.m, to 10 pm.
High Holborn, day and night.
Kensington, 11 a.m. to 11 p.m.
Kensington-park-road, 11 a.m. to 11 p.m.
Knightsbridge, day and night.
Ladbroke-grove-road, Notting Hill, 11 am, to 11 p.m.
Maida Vale, 10 am. to 10 p.m.
Palace-yard, 10 a.m. to 10 pm., and day and night during sessions of Parliament.
Park-road, Regent's-park, day and night.
Piccadilly (opposite Half-Moon-street), day and night.
Pickering-place, Bayswater, 10 am, to 10 p.m.
Pont-street, Belgrave.square, 10 am, to 10 p.m.
St. Clement Danes, day and night.
South Kensington, 11 a.m. to 11 p.m.
Vauxhall Station, 11 a.m. to 11 p.m.
Waterloo Station, 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.

Camden Town lies to the north-east of Regent's -park on London clay, and is a moderately. rented neighbourhood, with, as a rule, very moderate-sized houses. Quite small houses of six, eight, and ten rooms each can here be found, and it is, relatively to its distance from Charing-cross, the cheapest neighbourhood, so far as rent is concerned, in London. NEAREST Railway Stations, Gower.street and Camden . mad ; Omnibus Routes, Hampstead-road and Albert-road.

Canada, Dominion of.— AGENCY-GENERAL, Canada-buildings, 31, Queen Victoria- street. NEAREST Railway Station, Mansion House (Dist.) Omnibus Routes, Queen Victoria - street, Cannon-street, and Cheapside; Cab Rank, Queen Victoria-street.

Canonbury Park.—(See ISLINGTON.)

Cannon Street is one of the greatest of the improvements which have been effected in modern London. It is a noble thoroughfare of great width, leading from St. Paul's- churchyard to the end of King William-street. Its construction has relieved Cheapside of the greater part of the heavy traffic. Indeed were Cannon. Street now closed, Cheapside would become impassable. Cannon-street is a street of wholesale warehouses, and a few sample goods in each window alone tell the passer-by the nature of the immense stock contained in them. Here are representatives of many of the largest foreign as well as English firms; and there are large stores of goods from Manchester, Leeds, Birmingham, Sheffield, Belfast and, indeed, from every large manufacturing town in the kingdom. In Cannon-street are the station of the South Eastern Railway, and the Mansion House Station of the Metropolitan, situated at the point where Queen Victoria-street runs diagonally across Cannon-street. In the wall of St. Swithin's Church, opposite the South- Eastern Station, will be found that curious relic of old London, called London Stone. In the Roman days distances were measured from this point. The various narrow streets running between Cannon-street and Cheapside contain many of the most important warehouses and firms of the City. The locality is specially affected by firms connected with the trades in cotton and other textile fabrics.

Cannon Street Bridge belongs to the South-Eastern Railway Company, and was built to carry their extension line from London-bridge. It is a plain, matter-of-fact structure, with no very special features about it either of comparative beauty or positive ugliness, being built in five girder spans of iron, the three central of 167 ft., the two outer of 135 ft, resting on cylinder piers. There is a sidewalk outside the eastern parapet for foot passengers, but it is not easy to find.

Cannon Street Station, the City terminus of the South Eastern Railway, similar in general arrangements to its sister station at Charing-cross, with which it is in communication every few minutes by trains which run constantly backwards and forwards. The upper part is occupied by a huge hotel, a noticeable feature in which is a fine hall, which can be hired for public meetings, &c. The Continental and main line booking-offices are on the west, the North Kent on the east side. The Charing-cross platform is on the extreme right hand side or entering. NEAREST Railway Station, Mansion House (Dist.) Omnibus Routes Cannon-street and Cheapside; Cab Rank, In station.

Carlton Club, Pall-mall No special qualification is mentioned in the rules, but the club is the recognised head-quarters of the Conservative parts. The entrance fee is £20, and the subscription £10 10s. The election of members is made by the committee, and by ballot, twelve being a quorum at each ballot, and two black balls excluding. The names of candidates are taken in the order in which they are inserted in the book, with the exception of peers, heirs apparent to any peerage, and members of the House of Commons, who may be balloted for immediately, and ten candidates annually selected by the committee from those whose names may be in the book on the 1st of March in each year. In the case of this selection the rule of the club, that the election of members shall be by ballot, is dispensed with. No candidate, however, is to be deemed elected a member, in whose favour less than two-thirds of the committee shall have given their vote.

Carriage (see HORSES)

Carriage Thieves.—Among the many thieves who infest the London streets none are more artful or more active than the carriage thieves. No vehicle should ever be left with open windows; and valuable rugs in victorias, &c., should always be secured to the carriage by a strap or other fastening. Ladies should be especially careful of officious persons volunteering to open or close carriage doors. In nine cases out of ten these men and boys are expert pickpockets.

Carshalton.—Hitherto commonly called Case-horton but modern fastidiousness is introducing the orthographic pronunciation. - A flat and rather commonplace suburb, but healthy1 and rents fairly moderate. From Victoria (31 min.) or London-bridge (36 min, 1st, 1/9, 2/6; 2nd, 1/4, 2/-; 3rd ,1/1, 1/10.

Caterham.—An extremely healthy suburb among the chalk hills to the south, and well in the open country. Rents high, but not so exorbitant as in the case of certainly not more advantageous situations within easier reach of town. Land is in the market, and villas are being built at Caterham Junction, 14min. on the London side, and, so far as regards health, possessing equal advantages. From Charing Cross (1h 27m.), Cannon Street (56min.), 1st 3/2, 5/- ; 2nd 2/6, 4/- ; 3rd 1/3, 2/6 ; Victoria or Kensington, 1st 2/9, 4/9; 2nd 2/-, 3/3; 3rd 1/1, 2/2

Catholic (Roman) Churches:
CHURCH OF OUR LADY, Grove-road, St. John's Wood.—Mass, Low, on Sundays and HoIydays at 8,9,& 10a.m.; High, at 11 a.m.
On week-days mass at 8 & 10 a.m. On Sundays catechism and benediction at 3.30 pm. vespers, sermon, and benediction, at 7 p.m. On Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, devotions and benediction at 8 p.m. Confessions. On Wednesday, Friday, and Saturdays, at 10.30 a.m. and 7 p.m. Seat rents various according to part of church. Application to be made to the rector.
CHURCH OF OUR LADY OF IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, Trinity street, Rotherhithe, S.E. Mass, Low, on week days at 8 am., On Sundays at 8.30 a m; High, at 11 a.m. every Sunday and Holyday of Obligation. Benediction every Friday at 7 p.m.; on Sundays at 7.30 p.m. Vespers at 6.30 p.m. every Sunday and Holy day of Obligation. Confessions: Every day before and after mass, and on Saturdays from 4 till 10 p.m. Seat rents according to number of seat, price of all of them very moderate. This church is at a short distance from the Commercial dock-pier.
CHURCH OF OUR LADY OF LA SALETTE AND ST. JOSEPH, Melior-street, Borough. Seat rents, 7s. 6d., 6s. 6d., and 5s. per quarter.
CHURCH OF THE ASSUMPTION. High-st Deptford —Mass, Low Sundays at 7.30, 9, and 10 a.m. (for children); Holydays at 8, 9, and 10 a.m.; week-days at 8, 8.30, 9a.m.; High, Sundays at 11am with sermon. Benediction, week days, Wednesday at 7.30. p.m Vespers, sermon and benediction on Sundays at 6.30 p.m: HoIydays, vespers and benediction at 7.30 p.m. Confessions: Wednesdays and Fridays from 10 to 12 am., and 7.30 p.m; Saturdays from 10 to 12 a.m., and from 4.30 p.m.
CHURCH OF THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTIN, Farm-St, Berkeley-sq. – Mass, Low, daily at 7., 7.30, 8, 8.30, and 9.30. a.m.; High, Sundays and Holydays at 11 a.m. Benediction, Sundays at 4p.m Wednesdays at 8 p.m. Fridays at 3.30 p.m Confessions: Daily till midday (always somebody at hand); besides, on Wednesdays and Saturdays from 2.30 to 10 p.m. Beside bench rents, only at the High Mass is the church not accessible in every part to everybody. Occasional services during Lent &c. are advertised. This church is under the care of the Society of Jesus.
CHURCH OF THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY, The Oratory, South Kensington.—Mass, Low, 6.30, 7, 7.30, 8,8.30., 9, and 10 a.m.daily; High at 11 a.m. on Sundays, Holydays of Obligation, and on certain other festivals. Benediction, at 4.30 on Thursdays and Saturdays and at 8 p.m. on Thursdays, and on Sundays at 7..; vespers, on Sundays at 3.30 p.m.; and on Holydays of Obligation, and certain other festivals, at 4.30 p.m. Confession: Every day at all hours, except between 12.30 and 2.30, and 6 and 8 p.m. The church is closed at 10 p.m. Seat rents: Certain seats in the church are set apart for subscribers.
CHURCH OF THE SACRED AND SORROWING HEARTS OF JESUS AND MARY – Mass, Low, Sundays at 8,9, and 10 a.m; Feasts of Obligation,7, 8, and 9a.m.; week-days at 7.30,8, and 10 a.m.; High, Sundays at 11 a.m Feasts of Obligation at 4.30 and 8 p.m ; Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Friday at 8 p.m.; Thursdays and Saturdays at 4pm; Vespers. Sundays at 3.30 p.m ; Feasts of Obligation. 4 p.m. Confessionss: Daily, Monday excepted, in English, French and Italian, from 7.30 a.m. to 12 noon, and from 4 to 9 p.m. Seat-rents: Sundays, single fees, 6d., 4d., 2d.; annual fees, £2 2s., £1 1s.., and 12s. Salve Regina sung daily at 3 p.m.
CORPUS CHRISTI CHURCH, Maiden lane Southampton-street, Strand, W.C.—Mass, Low, Sundays at 3, 9, and 10 a.m.; week-days at 7.30 and 8 a.m.; High, Sundays at 11 a.m. Benediction, Sundays at 4 and 7 p.m.; week-days, on Wednesday and Friday at 8 p.m. Church open every day from 7 a.m. to 9 p.m,
FRENCH CHAPEL OP THE ANNUNCIATION, 21, King -street, Portman-square.— Mass, Low, on Sundays and Holydays at 8, 9, and 10 a.m., on Wednesdays, 8, 9, and 11 a.m.; High, on Sundays and Holydays at 11 a.m. Benediction, on Sundays and Holydays after vespers. Vespers, on Sundays at 3 p.m. Confesssions: Every morning from 8 till 12; on Saturdays, and on the eve of Feasts, from 3 to 7, Slid from 8 to 10 p.m. Seat rents, from £1 to £2, or 6d. entrance. This is the only French chapel dating from the great immigration of '93.
NOTRE DAME DE FRANCE (Eglise Catholique Francaise), 5, Leicester-place, Leicester-square. —Dimanches et fetes d'obligation. Masses (low), 8, 9, et 10 a.m.; (high), 11 a.m., et sermon Francaise. Catechismes a 3 p.m. Sermon Français et bénediction a 7 p.m. Confession: Tous les jours, surtout le Samedi a toute heure. Entrée de l'Eglise, Leicester-place, No. 5. Sonner a toute heure pour sacraments et visites a l'eglise.
OUR LADY AND ST. CATHERINE OF SIENNA, Bow-road, E.—Mass, Low, on Sundays at 7, 8, and 9 am., week-days at 7 and 8 a.m. Cantata, 11 a.m., with sermon. Benediction on Tuesdays and Fridays at 8 a.m., and after vespers on Sundays; Vespers at 7 p.m. on Sundays. Confessions: On week-days before or after the services; Saturdays from 4 to 5 p.m., and from 7 to 10 p.m. Seat rents vary according to place.
ST. ANNE'S CATHOLIC CHURCH, Spicer-street, Spita]helds.—Mass, Low, on Sundays at7, 8, 9.15, and 10.15 a.m.; on week-days at 6.30, 7, 7.30, and 8 a.m.; High, 11.15 a.m on Sundays. Vespers and Benediction at 7 p.m. Confessions: From 7 to 9 a.m., and from 7 to 10 p.m., and on Saturdays from 7 a.m. till 10.30 p.m.
ST. ANSELM AND ST. CECILlA, Sardinia-st, Lincoln's-inn-fields. (The old Sardinian Chapel)— Mass, Low, Sundays and Holydays of Obligation at 7,8,9, and 10 a.m.; week days at 8, 9, and 10 a.m.; High, 11 a.m. on Sundays and Holydays of Obligation. Benediction, Sundays after Vespers; week days, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Friday at 8 p.m. Vespers, Sundays at 7 p.m.; Holydays of Obligation at 8 p.m. Confession: Wednesday,Fnday, and Saturday at 6.30 p.m. Seat rents per annum, 25s., 20s., 15s.; admission on Sundays, 6d., 3d., 1d.
ST. BONIFACE'S GERMAN CHURCH, 47, Union-street Whitecbapel—Seat-rents: 6d. Vespers; 2d. at High Mass ; 2d. Vespers ; 1d at Low Mass and Benediction on Sundays. 1s for German Catholics.
ST. CHARLES BORROWES, Ogle-street, Langbam-street,W.—Mass, Low, Sundays, 8, 9, & 10 a.m, week-days at 7.30 & 10 a.m.; High, at 11.15 a.m. Benediction at 3.45 p.m., and after Vespers. Vespers at 7 p.m. Confessions: On Wednesday and Friday from 7.30 p.m., Saturdays from 6 till 9.30 p.m.
ST. ETHELDREDA, Ely-place, Holborn.—Mass, Low, on Sundays at 7.30, 8.30, 9.30, and 10.15 a.m., week-days at 7, 8, 9, and 10 a.m.; High, on Sundays at 11.15 a.m., Holydays of Obligation at 11 a.m. Benediction on Sundays at 4 p.m. Vespers said in Benediction at 7 a.m; week-days at 3.30 p.m. Confessions: Every morning and evening, and at any time if a priest is asked for. Seat rents (no information). Supposed to be the last of the pre-Reformation churches in which mass was discontinued, and the first in which it has been restored.
ST. GEORGE'S CATHEDRAL, Southwark. — Mass, Low, Sundays at 6.30, 7.30, 8.30, and 9.30 a.m.; week days at 8, 9 and 10 a.m.; High at 11 a.m. Benediction for children at 2.30 p.m. Vespers, sermon, and Benediction at 6.30 p.m. Confessions: Every morning, and Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday after 7 p.m. Seat rents, £2 per annum for each person.
ST. JOHN OF JERUSALEM Gt.Ormond Street, W.C. – Mass, Low and Holydays of Obligation at 8.30 am.; High, Sundays at 11.30 am. Low Mass with music and sermon. Benediction, Saturdays, Sundays, and Holydays of Obligation at 3.30 Confessions: Saturdays and eves of Feasts from 3 till 6 p.m., and every morning after Mass. Seat-rents, chairs 3d. and 6d.; afternoon sermon free. Attached to this church is the only Catholic Hospital in London. It is for women and children suffering from chronic and incurable maladies.
ST. JOSEPH, Bunhill-place – Mass, Low, on Sundays, at 8,9, and 10 a.m; High, at 11 a.m. with sermon, week-days at 8 and 9 a.m. Benediction after vespers on Sunday at 7 a.m. and at 3.30 pm. First Sunday of the month for the children. Rosary sermon and Benediction on Wednesdays and Fridays at 8.15 am. Confessions: On every morning of the week except Monday, and on Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays at 6.30 p.m. Seat- rents £1. per annum.
ST. MARY AND ST. MICHAEL'S, Commercial-road, E – Mass, Low, Sundays, 7,8,9, and 10 a.m ; High, at 11.15 a.m. with sermon, Benediction, at 7p.m., with Vespers and sermon. Vespers at 7 p.m. Confessions: Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays from 6 till 10pm. Seat rents £1 per year. The largest Catholic church in Westminster. There is a fine stained-glass window.

Cemeteries – The following are the principal London cemeteries, with the means to access to each:
ABNEY-PARK. NEAREST Railway Station, Stoke Newington (G.E.) From Liverpool St. (18m) 1st -/7, -/9; 2nd -/5, -/7; 3rd -/4, -/5. Omnibus Routes, Stoke Newington-road and Albion-road. CAMBERWELL - NEAREST Railway Station, Honor Oak (L.C.&D.) From Ludgate
Hill (27m.) 1st -/10, 1/3; 2nd -/8, 1/-; 3rd -/6, -/9. GREAT NORTHERN - NEAREST Railway Station, New Southgate (G.N.) From King's Cross (21 min.) 1st -/11, 1/6; 2nd –/9, 1/3 ; 3rd -/6.
HAMPSTEAD - NEAREST Railway Station, Child's Hill (Midland). From St. Pancras (23 min) 1st -/9, 1/2 ; 3rd -/5, -/8 ; Omnibus Routes, Finchley-road and Edgware-road.
HANWELL - NEAREST Railway Station, Hanwell (G.W.) From Paddington (25 min.) 1st 1/5, 2/- ; 2nd 1/1, 1/6; 3rd -/8.
HIGHGATE - NEAREST Railway Stations, Upper Holloway and Highgate-road (Tottenham and Hampstead Junction) From St. Pancras (12 min), 1st -/6, -/9; 3rd -/3, -/6 ; Omnibus Routes,Highgate-hill and Highgate-rise.
JEWS' BURIAL GROUND, Mile End-road - NEAREST Railway Stations, Whitechapel (E.L); From Liverpool-street (4 min), 1st -/4, -/6 ; 2nd -/3, -/5 ; 3rd -/2, -/4 ; Old Ford (G.E.) From Liverpool-street (10 min) 1st -/6, -/9; 2nd -/4, -/6; 3rd -/3, -/5. Bethnal Green Junction (G.E); From Liverpool-street (5 min), 1st -/4, -/5; 2nd -/3, -/4; 3rd -/2, -/3. Omnibus Route, Mile End-road.
KENSAL GREEN - NEAREST Railway Station, Kensal Green (L & N.W.) From Broad- st (33 min) 1st -/10, 1/4 ; 2nd -/8, 1/- ; 3rd -/5, -/8 ; Omnibus Routes,Harrow-rd.
NORWOOD - NEAREST Railway Station, Lower Norwood (L.B. & S.C.) From Lon.-br. (34 min) 1st 1/3, 2/- ; 2nd 1/-, 1/6; 3rd -/7, 1/-.
NUNHEAD, Peckham-rye - NEAREST Railway Station, Nunhead (L.C. & D) From Ludgate-hill (26 min) 1st -/6, -/10 ; 2nd –/5, -/8 ; 3rd -/4, -/6 ; Omnibus Route, Peckham- rye.
PADDINGTON - NEAREST Railway Stations, Kilburn (L& N.W.) From Broad-street (45 min) 1st -/6, -/9 ; 2nd -/4, -/6 ; 3rd -/3, -/5 ; Edgware-road (Metrop.); From Aldgate (24 min.) 1st -/9, 1/2; 2nd -/7, -/11; 3rd -/5, -/8 ;Omnibus Route, Edgware-road.
ST. MARYLEBONE, East-end, Finchley - NEAREST Railway Station, East-end. From King's Cross (21 min) 1st -/10, 1/3 ; 2nd -/8, 1/1 ; 3rd -/5 ½ , -/11.
WEST OF LONDON AND WESTMINSTER, Fulham-rd. - NEAREST Railway Stations, West Brompton (19min) and Chelsea (15 min) From Waterloo, 1st -/8, 1/-; 2nd -/6, -/9; 3rd -/4, -/6. Both on West London Extension. Earl's Court (Metrop.); From Mansion House (23 min) 1st -/8, 1/-; 2nd -/5, -/7 ½ ; 3rd -/4, -/6. Omnibus Route, Fulham Road.
WOKING - NEAREST Railway Station, Brookwood (S.W) From Waterloo (about 1h.) 1st 5/8, 8/6 ; 2nd 4/-, 6/3; 3rd 2/3 ½ , 4/-.

Central Criminal Court (See LONDON LAW COURTS.) NEAREST Railway Stations, Blackfriars (District) Holborn-viaduct (London Chatham and Dover); Omnibus Routes, Newgate-street and Ludgate-hill; Cab-rank, Old Bailey.

Chandos Club, Langham-place. Proprietary. Established as a social club for the convenience of members of the three professions, divinity, law and medicine, civil engineer officers of Her Majesty's forces, and civilians of position. Besides the usual club accommodation, there are bedrooms in the house for the use of members. The town subscription is £3 3s and the country £2 2s, without entrance fee.

Change Ringing is extensively practised in London, where the Ancient Society of College Youths has its head-quarters. The Society of College Youths was founded in 1637, by Lord Brereton and Sir Cliff Clifton, for the purpose of promoting the art of change ringing; and the society, having outlived its first youth, prefixed the "Ancient" to their original title. For many years the head-quarters of the society was at St. Martin's-in- the-Fields. They are now at St. Saviours, Southwark. There is another society of change ringers in London, called the Cumberland, and practising at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, which probably sprang from the internal dissensions which at one time agitated the older society. The London Scholars who are frequently mentioned in the records of the Ancient College Youths, have become extinct as a change-ringing society. At present, although there is an association of change ringers in almost every town where there is a good peal of bells, the Ancient Society of College Youths is the most important, as it is the most venerable in the kingdom. Its rules are few and simple, and its subscription and expenses low; and for this reason, no doubt, it has gradually attracted more and more members from the working classes. The early list of members contains the names of many Lord. Mayors and of more than one member for the City; and Sir Watkin Wynne, Lord Dacre, and the Marquis of Salisbury also figure in the roll. The principal peals of hells in London, besides that newly hung in the belfry of St. Paul's Cathedral, are to be found in the following churches: St. Mary-he-Bow, Cheapside; St. Michaels, Cornhill; St Magnus the Martyr, Lower Thames-street; St Matthew, Bethnal Green; St. Saviour's Southwark; St. Brides's Fleet-st; St.Martin's-in-Fields.

Chapels Royal
ST. JAMES'S. Many visitors to London think it necessary to attend divine service at the Chapel Royal. The building itself is in no way remarkable, and the service is in no way peculiar; but as it is the fashion amongst, courtiers in the season to put in an appearance here, it naturally follows that all the people who like to be thought "somebodies" eagerly compete for admission. The chapel is small, and tickets are not easily obtained without the assistance of "a friend at court." They are in the gift of the Lord Chamberlain. SAVOY.—Still a Chapel Royal, being the property of the Crown in connection with the Duchy of Lancaster. There are many quaint brasses and monuments in the chapel, but the days of embankments, of new streets, and great buildings have robbed the Savoy of its chief charm. An old brass, long missing from the chapel, was "brought to light" some time ago, and is now placed in the chancel, imbedded in a block of marble. The inscription is subjoined: "Hic jacet Thomas Halsey, Leglinensis Episcopus in Basilica Sancti Stephani Roma rationis Anglicanae penitenciarius summae probitatis vir, qui hoc solum post se reliquit vixit dum vixit bene. Cui laevus conditur Gavan Dolkglas, natione Scotus Dunkellensis. Presul patria sua exul. Anno Xti 1522." "Here lies Thomas Halsey, Bishop of Leighlin, confessor of the English nation in the church of St. Stephen at Rome, a man of the greatest probity, who left this only thing after him, while he lived he lived well. On whose left lies Gavan Dolkglas (Douglas), by birth a Scot, Bishop of Dunkeld, an exile from his native land." "This is no place for moral reflections, but it is impossible not to remark on the strange irony which has connected these two men together in their death, and that one of the greatest prelates of his age—a man almost of royal birth, a poet of the first rank, a minister of the highest power— should be thus linked in the grave with an obscure seminary priest of questionable character, to whom he is indebted by the accident of their common fate, for even the parenthetical line which marks his last resting-place." A curious and interesting picture—a third part of "a Tryptich "—is now placed in the chapel by the side of the font. It is known that three pictures belonged to the Savoy at its dissolution, and this picture has every appearance of being of the period of Henry VII. Much interesting matter referring to the Savoy is published in the "Savoy Annual. The old "precinct," of not many years since, was like a bit of an old cathedral town dropped in some strange way between the Strand and the river, and it was difficult even for an imaginative Londoner to suppose, as he paced the calm solitudes of the Savoy, that he was only some fifty yards from the rush and strife of the busiest London life.
WHITEHALL—The Chapel Royal at Whitehall is all that remains of the old Palace, and was adapted from the Banqueting House designed by Inigo Jones. Service is performed here on Sundays, but, except on one day the year, there is nothing peculiar to note in connection with the chapel. On the Thursday preceding Good Friday the distribution of the Royal Bounty, or "Maundy Money," to a number of old men and women corresponding to the age of the Sovereign takes place here. The procession on the occasion is one of the quaintest relics of old-fashioned Court ceremonial to be seen in London. The royal gifts are brought into the chapel by the Yeomen of the Guard on a William and Mary salver, and are then deposited in front of the Royal Closet, which is usually occupied by some of the Royal Family. A special service is held on the occasion, and at certain intervals the gifts are distributed. They consist of sums of money, shoes and stockings, woollen and linen clothes, purses, &c.

Charing Cross is a position rather than a place, and may be described as the triangular piece of roadway where Parliament-street runs into the south side of Trafalgar-square. It is the centre of London, the point from which distances are measured. A line drawn north and south through it may be said to separate the London of pleasure and fashion from that of work and business. Of the original cross no vestige remains, not even a stone to mark where it stood. It stands reproduced in front of the Charing-cross Hotel, and one cannot but regret that so beautiful an object should be placed there instead of in the centre of the wide roadway looking down Parliament-street.—(See also TRAFALGAR-SQUARE.)

Charing Cross Bridge stands on the site of the old Hungerford Suspension-bridge, which was removed in 1863 to Clifton. The lower parts of the two brick piers, on which were built the supporting towers of the old bridge, still remain, and have been utilised for the new work. They are supplemented by two intermediate set of iron piers; a large number of which also support the fan-shaped extension of the bridge towards the station. Along either side of the bridge runs a footpath; that on the eastern side being open to passengers, and affording the shortest route from all the Charing-cross district to the Waterloo Station. These footpaths, however, are not an integral portion of the structure, but are carried on small supplementary girders bolted on to the bridge proper.

Charing Cross Station.— The West-end terminus of the South-Eastern Railway, the upper portion occupied by a large hotel (see HOTELS) belonging to the company. The ground floor is given up to the booking-offices; that for Continent and main line being on the west, and that for North Kent, &c., on the east side. The custom-house, where registered luggage from the Continent is examined, is at the farther end of the arrival platform. The Cannon street trains run from the platform on the east side of the station where also there is a staircase leading down to the foot of Villiers-street, the Embankment, and the Charing-cross Station of the District Line. It is worth bearing in mind that trains for Dover and elsewhere, starting from Charing-cross, reverse themselves on leaving Cannon-street, so that those who leave the former station with their backs to the engine will have to travel the rest of the way with their faces to it, and vice versa. NEAREST Railway Station, Charing-cross (Dist,); Omnibus Routes, Strand and Whitehall; Cab Rank, In Station.