Victorian London - Directories - Dickens's Dictionary of London, by Charles Dickens, Jr., 1879 - "W"

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Wanderers’ Club, Pall Mall—For members of town and country society, and for gentlemen who have associated in various parts of the world. Entrance fee, £10 10s. Subscriptions: Town members, £8 8c.; country, £4 4s.; foreign, £2 2s.; offices on foreign service, £1 1s.

War Office, Pall Mall, S.W. —NEAREST Railway Station, St. James’s-park; Omnibus Routes, Piccadilly, Regent-st, and Strand Cab Rank: St. James’s - square Besides the general clerical staff the principal sub-divisions are the Commander-in-Chiefs Office; the Adjutant-General’s Department; the Office of Deputy Adjutant General of Artillery; of Inspector General of Artillery (11, James-street, Buckingham-gate); of Deputy Adjutant-General of Engineers; the Quartermaster-General s Office; the Intelligence Branch; the Army Contract Department; the Director of Works (Horse Guards); the Military Education Department (Gun House, St. James’s-park) the Royal Army Clothing Depot (Grosvenor-road, S.W.); the Royal Gun Factory, the Royal Carriage Department, the Chemical Department and the Royal Laboratory at Woolwich; the Small Arms Factories at Enfield and Birmingham, the Royal Engineer’s Office (Horse Guards); and the School of Military Engineering, Chatham.

Water.The names of the London Water Companies, with the addresses of their chief offices, are as follows: East London, 16, St. Helen s place, Bishopsgate. Grand Junction, 65, South Molton-street. Lambeth, 175, Kennington-park-road. New River Company, Clerkenwell. Southwark and Vauxhall. Summer-street, Southwark.
All water companies are obliged, when required, to provide and keep throughout their limits a constant supply of pure and wholesome water, sufficient for the domestic purposes of the inhabitants within such district, constantly laid on, and are compelled at all times to keep charged with water under proper pressure all their pipes to which fire-plugs are affixed (unless prevented by frost, unusual drought, accident, or necessary repairs), and are to allow all persons at all times to take and use such water for extinguishing any fires without making any charge for the same. Companies may supply water by measure, and let meters out for hire, if authorised by special Act of Parliament, for such sum as may be agreed between the parties.
All owners and occupiers of premises are entitled to demand a supply of water for domestic purposes only where they have laid down pipes communicating with the company’s pipes, and paid or tendered the water-rate in respect thereof, and any such owner or occupier desiring to make a connection with the company’s pipes is allowed to open or break up such part of the pavement and ground between the pipes of the company and his premises, upon giving notice to the local authorities and reinstating the same without delay. Such owner or occupier may lay down any leaden or other service-pipes, which in the absence of special provisions must not have a bore exceeding half an inch unless with the consent of the company, and such pipes must be approved by the company, and fourteen days’ notice given before commencing to lay down the same. The connection of the service pipes to the company’s pipes must be made under the supervision of the Company’s surveyor, and two days’ notice of the hour and day fixed for such connection must be given.
The service pipes are provided by the persons seeking the supply, except where such water is supplied to premises under the annual value of £10 in a street where the Company’s pipes are laid down, in which case the company is compelled, on request of the occupier, with the owner’s consent, to lay down service pipes and keep the same in repair, the company being entitled in addition to the water rate to charge such a reasonable annual charge as may be agreed upon. Water-races are paid according to the annual value of the premises supplied, and must be paid in advance. The owner and not the occupier of houses not exceeding the annual value of £10 is liable for the rates, and if any person supplied with water neglect to pay such water-rate, the company may cut off the supply of water to the premises, and recover the rates due from such person if less than £20 by proceedings before the Justices, together with the costs of cutting off the supply and recovering the same, and afterwards by distress and sale of the defaulter’s goods; or if the rates amount to more than £20, the company may sue for the same, with expenses of cutting off and recovering thereof.
No greater dividend than £10 per cent. per annum on the paid-up capital, unless authorised by a special Act, can be declared, except when a larger dividend shall be necessary to make up a deficiency of any previous dividends which shall have fallen short of such £10 per cent. If the clear profits amount to more than sufficient, after making up any such deficiency if any, the excess must be invested at compound interest, and forms a reserve fund, which fund shall not exceed, unless a prescribed sum is set out in any special Act of Parliament, one-tenth part of the nominal capital.
If any person supplied with water either causes or permits waste, misuse, undue consumption, or contamination, the company may, without prejudice to any remedy they may have against such person, cut off the supply of water to his premises.
The character and qualities of the water supplied to London by the different companies differ considerably. The south-east of London is supplied by the Kent Company, which takes the water from the chalk hills. This water is purer organically than any other supplied to London, but is sometimes objected to on account of its hardness. The New River Company, which supplies the northeast districts and the City, also supplies a water which has the character of being purer than the water taken from the Thames. The other companies, viz., West Middlesex, Grand Junction, Chelsea, Lambeth, Southwark and Vauxhall, take their supplies from the Thames, and filter all the water through large filter-beds. Upon the efficiency of their filtration depends the purity of the water they supply. By efficient filtration there is no doubt that the Thames water can be supplied as pure as water from the deepest and purest spring, the purity of such spring water being simply caused by filtering through the ground. It is, therefore, a question of importance to public health that the companies should be made to filter thoroughly; and if that were done we should hear nothing more of schemes for bringing water front distant lakes. As an extra precaution against contaminated water, householders should always provide themselves with a good filter. The Silicated Carbon Filter has been proved to be wonderfully efficacious in removing organic matter from water, and has been known to remove even vegetable poisons, such as strychnine, immediately.

Waterloo Bridge, the earliest of John Rennie’s three, and beyond measure the cheapest, is also commonly considered the finest. As to this there may perhaps be a question, some critics preferring London Bridge, or even Southwark, as grander if less ornate. The perfect level, too, of the roadway in the case of Waterloo, whilst the first of all merits from a practical point of view, somewhat narrows its artistic opportunities; whilst the uniformity of the arches is considered by some to give it too much the air of “a length out of a viaduct.” In all other respects it is the handsomest bridge across the Thames; consisting of nine elliptical arches 120 ft. in span and 35ft. in height, supported on piers 20 ft. wide at the spring of the arches, and surmounted by an open balustrade. It is not so wide as London Bridge by 11 ft., but is very nearly half as long again— 1,380 ft.—without the approaches, which are on the Middlesex side 370 ft, and on the Surrey side 766 ft. in length. It was opened in great state on the second anniversary of Waterloo, 18th June, 1817. NEAREST Railway Station, Temple; Omnibus Route, Strand; Cab Rank, Wellington-street.

Wesleyan Places of Worship.—The following information has been kindly furnished by the
respective ministers, the “terms of membership” being given in their own words:
ACTON CHA PEL, Gunnersbury-lane. — Terms of membership: “Enrolment as member of a ‘Society Class,’ after due probation, and participation in Christian ordinances.” Seat rents, front 2s. 6d. per sitting to 5s.; numerous seats free. Divine service: Sunday, 11 am, and 6.30p.m.; Thursday, 7 p.m. Prayer meeting Monday, 7 p.m. Sunday and Day schools, Mutual Improvement Association, &c.
ALBION-STREET CHAPEL, Albion-street, Rotherhithe.— Terms of membership: “Class meeting and communion” Built by the Wesleyan Reformers in 1852 ; became a United Methodist Free Church by the amalgamation of the Wesleyan Reformers with the Wesleyan Methodist Association
BLACKHEATH WESLEYAN CHAPEL, Burnett-park, Blackheath. — Terms of membership: “A desire to flee from the wrath to come.” Seat rents not stated.
BRUNSWICK CHAPEL, King-street, Broadway, Deptford, S.E. Terms of membership: “ Communion and subscriptions, and class meeting.” Built in 1838 by the Wesleyan Methodist Association, which united with the Wesleyan Reformers in 1857, and constituted the United Methodist Free Churches.
BUCKINGHAM CHAPEL, Palace-street, Pimlico.— Terms of membership: “Sincere piety; faith in Jesus Christ; the love of God shed abroad in the heart by the Holy Ghost.” It is hoped that all persons attending the service will present free-will offerings for the maintenance of the fabric and ministry.
CASSLAND-ROAD WESLEYAN CHAPEL, South Hackney. -— Terms of membership: “A desire to flee from the wrath to come, and probation of three months.” Seat rents, from 1s. to 1s. 6d.
CLAPTON CHAPEL, Clapton-high-road, Lower Clapton, E. Terms of membership: “ See Rules of Society.” Seat rents, appropriated to payment of debt and expenditure by trustees. Affiliated with the above are chapels at Walthamstow, Leyton, Wanstead, Woodford, Epping, Loughton, and Buckhurst Hill, in charge of four ordained Wesleyan ministers.
EDMONTHON CHAPEL, High road, Lower Edmonton.—Seat rents: no information. Services
Sunday, 11 am. and 6.30 p.m. Thursday, 7 p.m.
FINSBURY-PARK, Seven Sisters’ road, Finsbury-park, N.—Terms of membership: “Wesleyan membership is membership in the Wesleyan Methodist Society. The Conference has not yet defined the Wesleyan Methodist church.” Seat rents, 2s. to 5s. per quarter.
GERMAN WESLEYAN CHAPEL, Grosvenor-street, Commercial-road, Stepney, E-— Terms of membership: “The general rules of the Wesleyan Methodists” Seat rents left to the freewill of its members.
GREENWICH WESLEYAN CHAPEL, London-street, Greenwich.—Terms of membership “A desire to flee from the wrath to come, and to be saved from sin.” Seat rents: no information. Building erected 1878-9.
HACKNEY WICK WESLEYAN MISSION CHAPEL, Elgin-street Hackney-wick.— Terms of membership: “Having a desire to flee from the wrath to come, and to lead a new life, the same to be evidenced by seriousness and good works.” All seats free. Connected with, but not actually part of Hackney Circuit. A purely missionary enterprise.
HARROW-ON-THE-HILL CHAPEL, Lower-road, Roxeth, Harrow.— Terms of membership: “Those of the Methodist Societies established by John Wesley.” Seat rents, 2s. per sitting per quarter. Services: Sundays at 11. a.m and 6.30 p.m.; Wednesdays at 7 p.m. Sunday-school, at 9.45 a.m. and 2.30 p.m.
HIGHBURY WESLEYAN METHODIST CHAPEL, Drayton-park, Holloway-road, N.—Seat rents: no information.
HOLLY-PARK CHAPEL, Crouch-hill, N—Seat rents: no information. The above is one of the chapels of the Highgate Circuit.
KING’S CROSS CHAPEL, Liverpool-street, King’s-cross.— Terms of membership: “Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ; the abandonment of all sin; an earnest endeavour to live a truthful, generous, and useful life.” Seat rents; no information. Will seat 1,150.
LADY MARGARET-ROAD CHAPEL, Lady Margaret-road, Leighton -road, Kentish Town.—. Terms of membership: “Desire for salvation by Christ, manifested by keeping the rules of the society, which are a summary of New Testament precepts relating to Christian life.” Seat rents, from 1s. a quarter upwards
LIVERPOOL-ROAD CHAPEL, Liverpool-road, Islington, N.— Terms of membership: Those of the Wesleyan Methodist Church. Seat rents, from 1s. 6d. to 5s. per quarter. Services: Sundays, 11 am. and 6.30 p.m.; Tuesdays at 7 p.m.; and Fridays at 8 p.m.
MANOR CHAPEL, Gallewall-road, Bermondsey.— Terms of membership: “Class meetings or communion.” Built 1867. Seat 800; Sunday-school numbers 600.
MILDMAY-PARK CHAPEL, Mildmay-park, Islington, N—Terms of membership: Class meeting. The first of the 50 metropolitan chapels being built from the gift of £50,000 by Sir Francis Lycett.
NEW BARNET WESLEYAN METHODIST CHURCH, Station-road. — Terms of membership: “Meeting in class, and attendance on communion.” Seat rents from 1s. to 5s. per seat per quarter. There is also a chapel at High-Barnet, besides one at Whetstone, in the charge of same minister, and forming the New Barnet Circuit.
PECKHAM CHAPEL, Hill-street, Peckham, S.E.— Terms of membership: “Class meeting or communion.” Built by the Wesleyan Reformers in 1859, and joined the United Methodist Free Churches.
PIMLICO WESLEVAN CHAPEL, Claverton-street, Pimlico.— Terms of membership: Members of the Wesleyan Methodist Society. Seat rents, various (no particulars) Sittings for 1,000 persons. Sunday and day schools connected. Services: Sunday at 11 a.m. and 6.30 p.m., and on Tuesday at 730 p.m.
PRINCE OF WALES’S ROAD WESLEYAN METHODIST CHAPEL, Haverstock-hill, N.W.— Terms of membership: “2s. 1d. per quarter, contribution. Attendance at the Lord’s Supper and Christian fellowship.” Seat rents from 1s 6d. to 2s. 6d. per quarter. Services: Sunday, 11 a.m. and 6 30 p.m. Holy Communion, first Sunday in the month. Hymnal (New). Thursday at 7.30 p.m.
QUEEN’S-RD WESLEYAN CHURCH, Peckham.—Raised annually from all sources, £1,150.
QUEX-ROAD WESLEYAN CHAPEL, Quex-road, Kilburn.— Terms of membership: “Faith in the redemption by Christ Jesus, evidenced by a godly life.” Seat rents, £200 yearly (charge for sittings not stated).
RICHMOND-ROAD CHAPEL, Richmond-road, Hackney, E.—Seat rents, from 2s. to 4s. per sitting.
SLOANE-TERRACE WESLEYAN CHAPEL, 33, Walpole-street, Chelsea. — Terms of membership: “The usual terms in the Wesleyan Methodist Church.” Seat-rents, from 8s. to 16s. per sitting per year.
SOUTHWARK CHAPEL, Long-lane, Borough, SE.— Terms of membership: “Those of the Wesleyan Methodist Communion.”
SOUTHWARK CHAPEL, Long-lane, Bermondsey, S.E.— Terms of membership: “As in Wesleyan Methodist Societies throughout the world.” Seat rents 4s., 3s., and 2s. per quarter (body); 3s. 6d, 2s. 6d., and 1s. 6d. per quarter (gallery). Services: Sunday, 10.45 a.m. and 6.30. p.m. Preaching service, Wednesday, 7 p.m. Prayer meeting, Monday, 7 pm. Sunday school, 10 a.m. and 2.15 p.m. Literary society, Monday, 8 p.m. during session, October to April. Day schools for boys and for girls at Long-lane, also at John-street, Old Kent-road. Society classes meet every evening except Friday and Saturday. Membership about 400.
SPITALFIELDS WESLEYAN CHAPEL, Church-street, Spitalfields—Seat rents varying from
1s. 6d. to 3s. per quarter. The building was erected by the French refugees in 1743, and leased to the Wesleyans in 1819. Its original cost is said to have been £23,000.
THE WELSH WESLEYAN METHODIST CHAPEL, Wilson-street, Finsbury-square. — Terms o/ membership: “The usual terms, inserted in the English forms of the denomination.” Seat rents from 1s. upwards. Services: Sunday, 10.45 am. and 6.30 p.m. Thursday, at 7.30 p.m.
UPPER TOOTING IRON CHAPEL, Balham-road, Upper Tooting.— Terms of membership: “The ordinary Wesleyan terms.” Seats number 260; seat rents about £60 per annum (charge per sitting not stated). New chapel now in course of erection to seat 650, with school and class rooms adjoining, to be opened during the year. This will supersede the iron building at present in use.
WANSTEAD CHAPEL, Wanstead, E.—Seat rents 5s. and 3s. each person per quarter. Gothic building, opened June 1877, to accommodate 375, at a cost of £4,175 exclusive of site.
WESLEYAN METHODIST CHAPEL, Bridge-road-west, Battersea.— Seat rents, 6s. to 12s. per annum. Service: Sunday, at 11 a.m. and 6.30 p.m.; Monday, prayer meeting at 7 p.m.; Tuesday, public service at 7 p.m.
WESLEYAN METHODIST CHAPEL, High-street, Stoke Newington.— Terms of membership: “The individual giving evidence of real concern for the salvation of the soul” meeting in class weekly for spiritual purposes; small weekly subscription, and quarterly renewable ticket towards support of minister. Seat rents ranging from 1s. up to 4s. per quarter.
WESLEYAN PREACHING HALL (THE CITY), Australian Avenue, E.C.— Terms of membership: “Fleeing from the wrath to come.” Seat rents, chairs, 6s. a year each. Seeking for a new site to build in place of Jewin-street Chapel, sold, and taken down.
WESLEYAN METHODIST CHAPEL, Lambeth-road, SE.— Terms of membership: “The members of the church regularly meet in class for religious improvement, and the tickets of membership are renewed quarterly by the minister.” Seat rents paid quarterly, and produce about £250 per annum (charge for sittings not stated). Sunday and day schools.
WESLEYAN CHAPEL, River-court, Hammersmith.— Terms of membership: “Fellowship in a class-meeting under the care of an authorised leader; tokens of membership renewed quarterly.” Seat rents 1s. 6d. to 4s. 6d. per quarter. Services: Sunday, 11 a.m. and 6.30 p.m.; Wednesday, 7 pm.; Sunday-school, 9.30 and 2.30. Various agencies.
WESLEYAN METHODIST CHAPEL, Approach-road, Victoria-park, E.—Terms of membership: “A desire to flee from the wrath to come, to be saved from sin, with a weekly attendance at classes for Christian communion.” Seat rents varying from 1s. to 3s. per quarter per sitting. A large number of free sittings are reserved for the poor. Visitors are conducted to pews by the pew-openers, and accommodated with books.
WESLEYAN IRON CHURCH, Shooter’s Hill.— Terms of membership: “A desire to live to
Christ, with a corresponding walk.” Seats free.
WESLEYAN CHAPEL, Dartmouth-road, Sydenham, S.E.— Terms of membership: “Meeting in class.” Seat rents about £180 per annum (amount per sitting not stated). Free seats provided Services: Sunday, at 11 a.m. and 6.30 p.m.; Thursday, at 7 p.m.; Prayer meeting at 7 p.m. on Monday ; Young Men’s Institute at 8 p.m. on Monday; Band meeting at 7.30 p.m on Saturday; a Sunday-school which begins at 9.45 a.m. and 2.30 p.m.
WESLEYAN METHODIST CHAPEL, High-street, Leyton. Terms of membership: “Possession of ticket of membership in the Wesleyan Methodist Society.” Seat rents, from 2s. to 4s. per
sitting per quarter. Gothic. When completed will seat 1,000 persons. Present cost, £6,000. Land adjoining for the erection of minister’s house and school premises.
WESLEYAN (TEMPORARY) IRON CHAPEL, Mile-end-road, E.— Terms of membership: “As generally observed throughout the connection.” Seat rents, 1s. and 1s. 6d. per quarter. Services: Sunday, at 11 a.m. and 6.30 p.m.; and Wednesday at 7.30 p.m. Prayer meetings, Monday, 7.30 p.m., and Saturday, 8 p.m. Sunday-school, morning and afternoon. It is intended to erect a permanent chapel, capable of seating 1,000 persons, on the present site.
WESLEYAN METHODIST CHAPEL, Albion-road, College Park, Lewisham, S.E.— Terms of membership: “Meeting in Society class.” Seat rents £150 (charge per seat not stated).
WESLEYAN METHODIST CHAPEL, High-road Tottenham, N. — Terms of membership: “Meeting in class for Christian fellowship and Sacramental Communion. Seat rents quarterly (charge not stated). Some sittings free. The chapel accommodates upwards of 1,000, and was erected about seven years ago by voluntary subscription.
WESLEYAN METHODIST CHAPEL, High. street, Clapham, S.W. — Terms of membership: “Meeting in what we term Society classes is the condition of membership. There are also communicants who do not meet in class.” From 1s. 6d. to 4s. 6d. per quarter. The Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper the first Sunday in the month. Baptisms on the morning of the second Sunday of the month and at any Tuesday evening service.
WESTOW-HILL WESLEYAN CHAPEL, Up. Norwood.—-Chapel seats 1,030 people. Style, Gothic. Service: Sunday, at 11 a.m. and 6.30 p.m. Holy Communion first Sunday in the month.

Westminster Abbey, from its historical associations the most famous of all English buildings with the exception of the Tower, was originally founded by Edward the Confessor between the years 1055 and 1065. Previously, however, it is believed that Sebart, king of the East Saxons, built a church upon the present site some time during the seventh century. The name Westminster was used to distinguish the abbey from the cathedral church of St. Paul, which. was once known, as East-minster. Of the Confessor’s work but little remains saving the pyx-house, which lies to the south of the present abbey adjoining the chapter-house, and that part of the cloister which Westminster schoolboys now use as a gymnasium. Henry III, who exhibited a rare taste in building, erected the principal portion of the existing edifice; he pulled down the greater part of Edward the Confessor’s work, and built a chapel to the Virgin at the east end. Henry VII. in his turn demolished Henry III.’s work, and immortalised himself by his chapel, which now stands behind the head of the cross in the form of which the abbey has been constructed. With the exception of the two towers, the upper parts of which were built by Wren, at the western entrance— the foot of the cross — which faces the Aquarium and the Hotel Westminster Abbey as regards it outward aspect is very much what Henry VII. left it. Inside, the abbey is at once imposing and inspiring. The height of the building, the symmetry of its proportions, the solemn grandeur of “the long-drawn aisles,” the fact that the sightseer is at every step treading upon the graves of England’s wisest and noblest, cannot but render a visit to Westminster-abbey a thing to remember and to respect. Possibly to some minds this house of God may have been made, through an over-zealous desire to pay due regard to the worthy, a too conspicuous monument of man’s achievement; at all events, most liberal-minded men will allow that the abbey is overcrowded with sculptural designs which have not always been executed with the artistic sense which is in favour today. An attempt to describe the statues, the bas-reliefs, the busts, and the allegorical illustrations in marble of departed prowess and virtue, would occupy more space than is permitted us. A few of the must prominent relics we may, however, refer to. The chapel of Edward the Confessor, which lies behind the present altar-screen, contains the shrine of that monarch, besides which devout persons used to sit in order to cure themselves of earthly disorders. The remains of Henry III. are also supposed to rest here; also what is left of Edward I., Edward III and Henry V., whose saddle and helmet, used at Agincourt, are fixed to a rail over the gallant monarch’s tomb. Against the a1tar-screen stand the coronation chairs, two highly uncomfortable receptacles made of wood, disfigured with the initials and names of ambitious persons who have years ago eluded the vigilance of the abbey’s officials. Under the seat of the king’s chair is the identical stone which Edward brought from Scone, and on which the Scottish kings were crowned. The second chair was made for the coronation of Mary the much beloved consort of William III. Round the Confessor’s chapel are a number of smaller chapels filled with the tombs and emblazoned eulogies delicately expressed in Latin, of bygone peers and peeresses. Immediately behind the sarcophagus of Henry V. is the chapel built by Henry VII., intended as a place of sepulture for himself and his successors, as fine a specimen of what is called florid Gothic architecture as exists. The exterior was restored by Wyatt. The gates aret brass, cunningly wrought, but are now dingy and look more like iron. Knights of the Bath are intstalled in this chapel, and at some distance above the stalls hang the tattered banners of many famous members of the order. On the left of the chapel, which contains the tomb of Henry VII. and Edward VI., is the burial place of Queen Elizabeth; on the right lies Mary Queen of Scots. At the south-east corner is the slab which rests over the remains of Lady Augusta Stanley, wife of the present Dean of Westminster, and the intimate friend of Queen Victoria. Fresh flowers and chaplets lie over the grave of a lady whose memory is cherished, not only by her sovereign, but by hundreds of poor and suffering creatures whom she was wont to relieve. To the left of Lady Augusta Stanley is the marble tomb of time Duc de Montpensier, brother of Louis Philippe, King of the French. The last distinguished Briton buried in the abbey was Sir Gilbert Scott, the architect, whore slab in the nave is decorated with a cross of flowers constantly renewed by loving hands. A few yards from Scott is the grave of Livingstone. Poet’s Corner, which forms the most southern portion of the arm of the cross, is by no means the least imposing portion of the building. Here is the grave of Charles Dickens, by whose side is Cumberland, the dramatist. At his feet is Sheridan, and above is Handel, the composer; close by are Tom Campbell, David Garrick, and Samuel Johnson; marble busts of Thackeray and Macaulay are placed on brackets within a few feet of these illustrious dead. Close to Edward the Confessor’s shrine, and up a winding flight of steps, is a collection of waxen effigies to which the general public are not admitted. The figures are life size, and are enclosed in glass cases, on which the vulgar have scratched their names with persistent enthusiasm. They are eleven in number, and are considered remarkable as portraits. Charles II. stands in ordinary costume, with, however, an undignified smut on his nose. Next to his merry majesty is the Duke of Buckingham, lying in state, a coronet upon his head. Queen Anne, looking uncomfortable, in her state robes and crown, is sitting on her throne, and holds with some difficulty her orb and sceptre. The Duchess of Buckingham and her little son, and the Duchess of Richmond (1702), are standing immediately opposite the dead Duke; and the Earl of Chatham, in his robes of office, does not look quite the energetic statesman we would fain regard him. William and Mary are in a glass case together, and by their side is Queen Elizabeth, with a magnificent ruff of real lace, and next to her is a life-like effigy of Nelson. Admission to see the wax-work may be obtained from the Dean or a member of the chapter.
At the south of the abbey are the cloisters, which contain some of the oldest graves in the country; one inscribed with the name of Gervasius de Blois, Abbas, 1106, is in excellent preservation. From the çloisters admission is gained to the chapter-house, which was built by Henry III., in 1250, and restored by Sir Gilbert Scott in 1865. The building is an octagon, with a central pillar rising some 35 ft. composed of Purbeck marble. Former1y the chapter-house was used as a council chamber for the monks and the abbot, and we are assured that offending recluses were flogged at the central pillar. The House of Commons subsequently met here until the days of Henry VIII., after which the house was used as a depository for public records.
When the documents were removed to Fetter-lane, it was considered desirable that the chapter-house should be restored, and accordingly Sir Gilbert Scott was employed, with results which the public may see without charge to-day. The illustrations of the on the walls were executed by one of the monks attached to the abbey in the fifteenth century. The chapter-house also possesses a modern picture representing a fifteenth century lady taking sanctuary in the Abbey, painted by Mr. William Holyoake. In the vestibule is a Roman sarcophagus, discovered in the North Green ten years ago.
Services are held every day in the abbey to which the public are admitted free. Admission fee to
the smaller chapels, including that of Henry VII., is 6d.

Westminster Bridge varies very much in appearance with the state of the tide. It is always rather a cardboardy-looking affair, but when the river is full, and the height of the structure reduced as much as possible, there is a certain grace about it. When, however, the water is low, and the flat arches are exposed at the full height of their long lanky piers, the effect is almost mean. Except, however, for the excessive vibration arising from lightness of construction, it is one of the best, from a practical point of view, in London, the roadway being wide and the rise very slight.

Westminster Club, Albemarle-street.—Proprietary. Members are eligible without restriction as to profession or business. Members are elected by ballot; fifteen members must actually ballot, and one black ball in five excludes. Entrance fee, £5 5s. ; subscription, for town members, £5 5s., for country members (limited to fifty), £3 3s.

Westminster School. —The foundation of Queen Elizabeth consists of 40 Queen’s scholars. The admission is by open competition at Whitsuntide in each year. There is no restriction in respect of birthplace; but candidates are required ordinarily to have been a year previously in the school. They must then be under the age of 15 on March 25th of the year of admission. If not previously attending the school, they must be under the age of 14 on March 25th of the year. The Queens Scholars hold their scholarships subject to an annual examination, in which any scholar may forfeit his place on the foundation. The fixed expenses of a Queen’s Scholar are £30 annually, payable half-yearly in advance, at Whitsuntide and Christmas. This charge includes maintenance, as well as tuition, except certain extras. For boys not on the foundation, the school fees are £5 5s. entrance, and £31 10s. annually for tuition, also payable half-yearly in advance as above. These fees include all the ordinary instruction. All boys, according to their position, share in the expenses of school games. The age of admission is ordinarily from 9 to 14 years. Boys not on the foundation may board either wholly or partially at one of the boarding houses, or entirely at home. They may also dine, if desired, in the college hall, for which there is a separate charge. The boarding house fees are £5 5s. entrance, and £68 5s. yearly for boarders, or £25 4s. for half boarders, besides tuition fees. Six exhibitions, tenable at the school, are offered annually for competition to candidates (whether previously in the school or not) of ages between 12 and 14. Two are of the value of £30, and four of £20, raised to £50 or £30 respectively in the case of boarders. These exhibitions are all tenable for two years, or until the bolder is elected upon the foundation. The examination is held on Tuesday and Wednesday in Easter week. No entrance fee is charged for exhibitioners. Some foundation vacancies may be competed for at the same time. The school prizes are numerous and valuable. The Annual Benefactions open to competition, for all boys proceeding to the universities, who shall have been at least three years previously in the school, are at present: Three Junior Studentships at Christ Church, Oxford, tenable for seven years. Total annual value about £100 each. These studentships are augmented, in all cases of merit, by gifts from the Carey benefaction, the income of which amounts to £600 a year, and is divisible among the Westminster students of Christ Church. Three exhibitions at Trinity College, Cambridge, of £40 a year tenable for three years, or until the time for taking the B.A. degree. The Senior Exhibitioner receives also a Samwaise Exhibition of about £24, tenable for two years at Trinity. The second exhibitioner a similar exhibition, tenable for one year. Two or more exhibitions from the bequest of Dr. Triplett tenable for three years at any college of Oxford or Cambridge, conditionally on certificates of residence and good conduct from the authorities of the college. Annual value £50 each. These are not open to students of Christ Church. For any further information apply at the college.

Whist Club, United. Proprietary. For members of the Army and Navy, Athenaeum, Arthur’s, Boodle’s, Brooks’s, Carlton, Conservative, East India, Garrick, Guards’, Junior Carlton Junior United Service, Marlborough, Naval and Military, New University, Oriental, Oxford and Cambridge, Portland, Reform, St Stephen’s, St. James’s, Travellers’, Thatched House, Turf, Union, University, United Service, White and Windham Clubs. Election by ballot of members. Twenty members must vote, and one black ball in ten excludes. The club opens at 3 p.m., and closes at 4a.m. Entrance fee, £5 5s.; subscription, £3 3s.

White Friars Club, Temple Club, Arundel. street. — Instituted for the association of gentlemen connected with literature, science. and arts. The committee elect candidates, who must have been present upon at less two occasions at the club dinner before they are eligible for election. Entrance fee, £3 3s. annual subscription, £3 3s

Whitehall Club, Parliament-street.—No special qualification. The committee elect, seven are a quorum, and three black balls exclude. The entrance fee is £21; the subscription for town
members, £10 10s.; for country members, or such as do no habitually reside within 100 mile of London £7 7s. The payment of a sum of £150 by a town member, and £100 by a country member, in addition to the entrance fee and any subscription already paid, constitutes a life membership.

White’s Club, 37, St. James’s-street.—(See BOODLE’s CLUB.)

Wimbledon Common, with its neighbourhood, not only affords some of the most beautiful walks within easy reach of London, but is particularly attractive to visitors during the meeting of the National Rifle Association, which takes place annually in July. The shooting itself, except to expert and the friends of competitors, is not particularly interesting, unless it be on such special occasions as the final hour of the last stage of the Queen’s Prize, or on the days when Oxford and Cambridge, the Houses of Parliament, the public schools, or the national teams, meet at the ranges. As a matter of sight-seeing the camp itself is well worthy of a long visit, The remarkably successful sanitary arrangements should by no means be overlooked. Always noticeable are the quarters o the Victoria Rifles, and of the London Scottish. and any visitor having a friend in either of these cheery settlements is to be congratulated. Those who are not so fortunate as to have friend in camp will find in the refreshment department everything they can reasonably require. The commissariat department is one which has always received particular attention from the executive, and is at present confided to the care of Messrs. Bertram & Roberts. “The Cottage,” which is the headquarters of the chief of the executive committee, is the principal point of attraction, but is not open the general public. The presentation of prizes, which take place on the last day of the meeting, was at one time followed by a review. The space at the disposal of the commanding office was very small, and the evolutions, consequently, were of a somewhat confused and unsatisfactory sort. Of late years’ the services of Mr. Waddell, the experienced secretary of the London Athletic Club, have been called into requisition, and a successful athletic meeting took the place of the review and march past. At the last meeting of the Association it was decided that the athletic sports should not again take place. The stations for Wimbledon camp are at Wimbledon itself, and at Putney (South Western line), about twenty minutes from Waterloo), both of which are some distance from the scene of action. Plenty of vehicles are always in waiting at the station at reasonable fares, but it is well that the price to be paid should be distinctly understood before starting. Wimbledon is the only place near London, with the exception of Blackheath, which affords Scotsmen the opportunity of practising the national game of golf. A pleasant way of reaching Wimbledon is by steamer from any of the London piers to Putney and the Putney omnibuses also run along the Strand and Piccadilly route to the Middlesex end of Putney bridge.

Windham Club.—Has for its object to secure a convenient and agreeable place of meeting for a society of gentlemen, all connected with each other by a common bond of literary or personal
acquaintance. The election of members is by ballot. No ballot is valid unless twenty members actually vote; and one black ball in ten excludes. The entrance fee is £26 5s., and £1 1s. to the library fund; subscription, £10.

Woods, Forests, and Land Revenues, 1 and 2, Whitehall-place, S.W. Hours 10 to 4. NEAREST RaiIway Stations Charing-cross (S.E. and Dist.); Omnibus Routes, Whitehall and Strand; Cab Rank, Horse Guards.

Woolwich, in Kent, situated on the Thames, nine miles from London-bridge—Can be reached by South-Eastern Rail way, trains from Chanting-cross, Cannon-street, and London-bridge stations, every half-hour; or by the Great Eastern Railway from Fenchurch-street and Liverpool street stations (also from stations on North London line) to North Woolwich, crossing there by steam ferry to Woolwich Town (for the Arsenal and Artillery Barracks). Steamers run from Westminster, Blackfriars, and London-bridge to Woolwich Town-pier every 20 minutes, the time occupied being1 1 ¼ to 1 ½ hours, according to the tide; fares, 6d. and 4d. There is no good hotel accommodation in Woolwich, but on the other side of the river dinners are well served at the North Woolwich Gardens Hotel. Woolwich is celebrated for its arsenal (3 minutes’ walk from the South- Eastern Railway-station, and ten minutes from the steam-boat pier). Visitors must be furnished with a ticket from the War Office, obtained by personal application, or by letter to the “Secretary of State for War, War Office, Pall Mall, S.W.,” stating names and addresses, and declaring that they are British subjects. Visitors with tickets are admitted on Tuesday or Thursday between the hours of 10 and 11.30 a.m and 2 till 4.30 p.m. Foreigners must have special tickets, obtained through their ambassador in London. Strangers without passes are refused admission. The four principal departments of the arsenal, which covers 350 acres of ground, are the “Gun” Factory the “Laboratory” the “Carriage,” and “Control” Departments. A Torpedo Department, not open to the public, has recently been added. In the Gun factory the whole of the ordnance for the naval and military services—from the monster 80-ton gun to the the 7-pounder mountain cannon—are manufactured. All the guns are constructed on the Fraser system a modification of the “coil” plan introduced by the eminent engineer, Sir William Armstrong. The toner tubes of these guns are of steel, and instead of using several short coils and a forged breech piece, as was originally the case with the Armstrong gun, M Robert Fraser, the Deputy-Superintendent of the Gun Factory, devised the system known by his name, of using a few long double or treble coils, forming jackets of remarkable strength, the cost of production being at the same time reduced. In welding the coils, the great steam-hammer weighing 40 tons, is employed. The iron bed on which it stands weighs altogether 650 tons, with timber and concrete to 30 feet beneath. The Gun Factory comprises also the coiling, rifling, and boring mills, the forges, annealing furnaces, and pattern room. In one large plot of ground is the so called “Cemetery,” a collection of unsuccessful experimental guns of every possible form and description, the majority submitted for trial by inventors. Names, date and other details are recorded on each gun, or on the fragments of those which have burst. The “Control,”’ or Military Store Department has charge of all military stores. Ten thousand sets of harness are always ready for immediate use, and in the sheds adjoining the wharves are warlike materials of every kind ready for shipment. The grounds are filled wish shot and shell. Everything from guns to brooms, must be issued through this branch of the service. In the Carriage Department are the timber field, saw mills, machine shop, main and scrap forges, platform and main factory: the wheel factory being specially attractive. The pattern room contains many interesting objects. The Laboratory Department contains the largest workshop in the world. There are 500 lathes and 1,200 men can work in it, if required. The lead-squirting room, the bullet, fuse, and cap factories and the shot and shell foundries and workshops are full of elaborate machinery. In the Chemical Department all articles supplied for the use of the army, including food, are tested, as a check on the contractors. It conducts all experiments with gun powder and gun-cotton, and in the photographic branch photographs of all patterns are sent to the War Office and to foreign stations, in order to ensure uniformity. The proof butts, where the guns are experimented on and tested, are at the east end of the Arsenal The cannon are mounted at a short distance from the butt, which is solidly constructed in the form of a high wide bank of earth, with timber frames and supports; a large quantity of sand being placed in front in order that the fired shot may be more easily recovered. The guns are fired by electricity, the firing party and all other persons being under cover, in case of accident. Shot have been known to penetrate as much as 30 feet into the butt. Near the proof butts is the East Laboratory, or Composition Department, where the small-arm cartridges are made, also the Rocket Factory Detonating Sheds, and Cannon Cartridge Factory. Rifles and rifle ammunition are tested at the practice range adjoining. Three millions of small-arm cartridges with a corresponding number of any other articles required, can be produced in the arsenal weekly The Artillery Barracks, the head quarters of the Royal Horse an Foot Artillery are about fifteen minutes’ walk from the steam-boat pier, and ten minutes from the South-Eastern Railway-station These barracks are admirably situated, facing the common where all the artillery exercises and the great reviews take place. The band of the Royal Artillery plays frequently, in the Repository Grounds or on the common, about 5p.m., from May till October. The Rotunda, an interesting military museum, near the barracks, is open from 10 till 6 in summer, and from 10 till 4 in winter. The Royal Military Academy, where cadets are trained for the Royal Engineer and Artillery services, is situated on the common, about one mile from the arsenal. Woolwich Dockyard was formerly used for the construction of ships for the Royal Navy, but was closed in 1869, on the recommendation of a parliamentary committee. In 1878, in anticipation of the possibility of hostilities with Russia, the yard and warehouses were filled with military stores, ready for shipment to the east. In old Woolwich Churchyard are buried Maudsley, the eminent engineers, and Tom Cribb, the well-known pugilist. The name “Woolwich” is believed to have been derived from “Wulewich,” meaning in Anglo-Saxon “the Village in the Bay,” the Thames making a curve near the town. From the Woolwich steamboat-pier may be seen the point of the Thames facing the Beckton Gas Works, where the steamer Princess Alice sank in 1878, with upwards of 600 persons, after collision with the steamer Bywell Castle. A “Guide to Woolwich and the Vicinity” price 2s., is published by Jackson, Kentish Independent Office, Woolwich. From Fenchurch-street and Liverpool-street (60 min.), 1st, 1/-, 1/6; 2nd -/9, 1/2; 3rd -/6, -/10, for North Woolwich 1d. more. Chalk Farm, 1st, 1/-, 1/6; 2nd -/8, 1/-, for North Woolwich, same fares. The Arsenal from Charing-cross, 1st, 1/6, 2/6; 2nd 1/-, 1/8; 3rd -/10, 1/2; par., -/8. Cannon-street and London-bridge. 1st, 1/4, 2/2; 2nd 1/-, 1/8; 3rd -/9, 1/2; par., -/8. Trains run also to the Dockyard from these stations at same rate.

Workhouses within the Metropolitan Police District.
Barnet: Barnet (S div.)
Bermondsey: Russell-st, Bermondsey (M div.)
Bethnal Green: Waterloo-rd Bethnal Green (K div.)
Brentford: Isleworth (T div.)
Bromley: Farnboro’ (P div.)
Camberwell: Havill-st, Camberwell (P div.)
City of London: Bow-rd. Mile End (K div.)
City of London: Upper Homerton (N div.)
Clerkenwell: Farringdon-rd, Clerkenwell (G div.)
Croydon: Croydon (W div.)
Edmonton: Edmonton (Y div.)
Epsom: Epsom (V div.)
Fulham: Fulham-rd, Hammersmith (T div.)
Greenwich: Greenwich (R div)
Hackney: Lower Homerton (N div.)
Hampstead : Hampstead (S div.)
Hendon: Edgware (S div.)
Hillingdon: Hillingdon (X div.)
Holborn: Gray’s-inn-rd (G Div)
Kingston: Kingston (V div.)
Lambeth: Renfrew-rd, Lambeth (L div.)
Lewisham: Lewisham (P div.)
Mile-end Old Town: Bancroft-rd, Mile-end-rd (K div.)
Paddington: Harrow-rd (X div.)
Poplar: High-st, Poplar (K div.)
Richmond: Richmond (V div.)
Rotherhithe: Lower-rd (R div.)
St. George, Hanover-sq: Fulham-rd, Chelsea (T div.)
St. George-in-the-East: Charles-st, Old Gravel-lane (K div.)
St. George: Mount-st, Berkeley-square (C div.)
St. George-the-Martyr: Mint-st, Southwark (M div.)
St. Giles-in-the-Fields and St. George, Bloomsbury: Broad-st, Bloomsbury (E div.)
St. James, Westminster: Poland-st, Oxford-st (C div.)
St. Leonard, Shoreditch: Kingsland-rd (N div.)
St. Luke, Chelsea: Arthur-st, Chelsea (T div.)
St. Luke: Shepherdess -walk, City-rd (N div.)
St. Margaret and St. John, Westminster: Kensington (T div.)
St. Marylebone: Northumberland-st, Marylebone (D div.)
St. Mary, Islington: St. John’s-rd, Holloway (V div.)
St. Mary, Newington: Westmoreland-rd, Walworth (P div.)
St. Olave’s: Parish-st, Tooley-sat (M div.)
St. Pancras: King’s-rd, St. Pancras (V div.)
St. Saviour’s: Marlborough-st Southwark (L div.)
Staines: Staines-rd, Stanwell (T div.)
Stepney: Bromley or Poplar (K div.)
Wandsworth and Clapham: East-hill, Wandsworth-rd (V div.)
West Ham : Leyton (N div.)
West London: Cornwallis-rd, Upper Holloway (Y div.)
West Strand: Silver-st, Edmonton (Y div.)
Whitechapel: Charles-st, Mile End (K div.)
For the infirm of Whitechapel South-grove, Mile-end Old Town (K div)
Woolwich: Plumstead Village (R div.)

Working Men’s Clubs & Institutes.—The following are the principal Working Men’s Clubs and Institutes, with their object and terms of subscription, according to official returns furnished at the Editor’s request by the respective secretaries. The societies omitted are those from which his request for information has failed to elicit any reply:
BRYANSTON CLUB, 72, Seymour-place, W.—Aims at affording to working men the means of social intercourse, rational recreation, mental and moral improvement, as well as supplying bodily refreshment at moderate charges. Subscription: 1s. per month, 2s. 9d. per quarter, or 10s. per annum, to be paid in advance. Each new member pays on election an entrance fee of 1s. Each member must also pay a subscription of 6d. per year to the Working Men’s Club and Institute Union, which, with 3d. for an associate’s card on registration, entitles him to all the privileges of an associate of the Union.
BURDETT’ ROAD WORKMEN’S INSTITUTE, comer of Bagallay-street.—This institute has been formed to provide for the working men of the district opportunities for educational improvement and healthful recreation. Reading-room open every evening (Sundays excepted) from 7 to 10. Entrance fee, 6d.; weekly subscription, 1d.; annual subscription, 5s.
DUBLIN CASTLE WORKING MEN’S CLUB, 340, Commercial--road, E.—The objects of this club are to afford to the members the means of social intercourse, mutual helpfulness, mental and moral improvement, and rational recreation. Any person above the age of 18, on application to the secretary, may become a member of this club on payment of a month’s subscription, and purchasing a book of rules. The monthly subscription is 8d., to be paid in advance.
HOXTON WORKMEN’S CLUB COMPANY LIMITED, 44, New North-road—Object: The social intercourse of the members, and the formation of classes for improving the education of the working classes. Qualification: Any working man or mechanic is eligible who has attained the age of 20 years. Entrance fee, 1s., and 1s. per month subscription, or 10s. 6d. per year.
JEWISH WORKING MEN’S CLUB AND INSTITUTE.—The objects of the institute are to afford to the Jewish industrial classes opportunities for social intercourse, mental and moral culture, and rational recreation. Any Jewish person (males above the age of 20, females above the age of 16) may heroine a member of the institution by enrolling his or her name, age, address, and occupation, and by paying the first month’s subscription in advance, and an entrance fee of 6d., the committee basin power to reject any person whose admission in their opinion would be detrimental to the interests o the institution. Subscription, 6d per month, 1s. 6d. per quarter 2s. 6d. per half-year, or 4s. 6d. per annum, payable in advance.
MILLBANK CLUB AND INSTITUTE, West Ferry-road, E. —A working man’s club primarily for the dockyard employés of the neighbourhood, but open to all. Candidates must be proposed the usual way by two members of the club. Entrance fee, 1s. Subscription, 2d. per week, or 2s. per quarter.
PEMBROKE CLUB, 287, City-road, E.C.—Object: Social intercourse, amusement, and instruction. On temperance principles. Qualification: General respectability. No entrance fee. Subscription 2s. per quarter.
ST. GEORGE THE MARTYR WORKING MEN’S CLUB, Mission House, Great Ormond-yard.—The objects of this society are to afford to the members the means of social intercourse, mutual help, mental and moral improvement, and rational recreation. The club is not identified with any political party. Gambling and the use of intoxicating drinks are not allowed. Any person above the age of 18 on application to the committee or to the responsible officer appointed for the purpose, by making such payments as are stated below, and agreeing to abide by the rules, may be enrolled a member of the club. All candidates for membership must be proposed and seconded by two members of the club. Any person paying an annual subscription of 10s. and upwards, or making a donation of £5 and upwards, shall be admitted an honorary member, with all the right of ordinary members; and wherever the word members is used in the rules it shall apply equally to honorary members elected under this rule. Member’s subscription, which must be paid in advance, 8d. per month, 2s. per quarter, or 8s. per annum. Entrance fee, 6d., which includes the cost of subscription-card and a copy of the rules. When a member is elected in the last week of a month his first subscription clears him for the ensuing month.
ST. JAMES’S AND SOHO WORKING MEN’S CLUB AND INSTITUTE, 39, Gerard-street, Soho.—Object: To provide for working men the means of social intercourse, mutual helpfulness, mental and moral improvement, and rational recreation. Qualification: Respectability and agreement to abide by the rules of the club. Entrance fee, 1s. 1d., subscription, 1s. 1d. per month, 3s. per quarter, or 10s. per annum.
SOUTH LONDON WORKING MEN’S INSTITUTE, 146, Black friars-road, S.E.—Object: The improvement of the members. Qualification: Payment of subscription, 1s. per quarter. No entrance fee.
WORKING MEN’S CLUB AND INSTITUTE, Cheek-street, Deptford.—Object: To afford social and instructive amusements to working men in the shape of newspapers, history, light literature discussions on social and topical subjects, lectures, concerts, &c., games of all kinds, athletic sports, rowing club. - Qualification: A working man, bona fide (not those who pretend to be above that class), who must be proposed and seconded by two paid-up members who know him, and then, if accepted by the committee, he becomes a member. No entrance fee. Subscription, 5s. annual, or 6d. per month.