Victorian London - Publications - Etiquette and Advice Manuals -  The Ladies' and Gentleman's Model Letter Writer, c.1870s (4)

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Application for a House, Furnished, desiring Lowest Terms.

The Limes, Hampstead, May 1st, 187末

    Being in want of a furnished residence, the enclosed order to view yours has been sent to me. Please let me know, before I go to view it, what will be the lowest rent. Please return the order.
        Yours faithfully,

To a Relieving Officer, by a Neighbour of a Poor Woman taken Ill.

Tapton, March 17th, 187末 

    Mrs. Waterson, a neighbour of mine, whom I have known for more than fifteen years as an industrious woman, is now ill and unable to work. She has no relations who can assist her in any way. Would you, next Thursday, on your way to the board of guardians' meeting, call and see her? Her house is at the corner of Sedgwood Lane. I will see that her wants are attended to until then.
        I am, Sir,
            Your obedient servant,
                GEORGE NEWNS.

Reply to a Gentleman recommending a young Man for Employment as a Porter.

Hitchin, June 12th, 187末

    I have received your communication relative to John 末. From the accounts you give of his [-134-] general good conduct, his honesty, and the respectability of his family, I think he will be just the person I require to take the place of the porter I have lately lost by death. If the young man will call to-morrow, he can commence his duties.
        I remain,
                Yours obediently,
                    J. D. S末.

Application to Borrow Money.

Ashmead, January 11th, 187末

    Having been rather unfortunate in some speculations of late, I find I am unable to meet the demands of a tradesman, who positively says he cannot remain longer without a settlement of his account. He threatens proceedings, which just at present would prove very disagreeable. Could you, without inconvenience, oblige me with the loan of 20l. for a month?
        Yours ever,
            SETH JONES.

Reply, granting the Loan.

18, Stanhope Gardens, January 11th, 187末

    There is nothing so annoying as to be threatened with proceedings. Perhaps you have not replied civilly to your tradesman's demand for payment; generally speaking, if you do so, they are not pressing. I enclose you a cheque for 20l., and shall [-135-] be glad if you will dine with me this evening. Bring your I. O. U.
        Yours ever,
            SAML. ROGERS.

Reply to a Gentleman who wishes to claim an Estate in Chancery.

Strand, June 14th, 187末

    In reply to your letter of the 11th inst. relative to the Pulwood estate, in Chancery, I think that your first step is to ascertain in whose Court the suit is pending. You can discover this by searching at the Record and Writ Clerks' Courts, in Chancery Lane. You must then ascertain by search in Chambers of the Judge to whose Court the suit is attached, to what stage the proceedings have advanced, and, if no certificate has issued finding the heir or heirs, you must make out your pedigree, by searching parish and other registers, old family Bibles, &c., and obtain also all the evidence you possibly can in support of it; but you had better employ a solicitor. I trust you will be successful.
        Believe me,
            Yours truly,
                JOSIAH WEBB.

In reply to a Gentleman asking the Loan of a Book relative to German Spa Waters.

Harrow, May 4th, 187末

    I was heartily glad to hear from you again, as  I was beginning to fancy you had forgotten me. So [-136-] you are thinking of going abroad to try the German waters? I have a very useful book, called "The Baths of Europe," and also a small pamphlet on the "German Waters." I will lend them both to you. There are some others written by English physicians, but I forget their titles at this moment. Any bookseller, however, would supply you with the information; but let me advise you, if you intend trying a course of water末drinking or bathing at the foreign spas, not to select any particular place or bath merely from a description given in a book, however good or reliable it may be, so much depends on individual cases and constitutions. Consult first some physician who has made the foreign baths his particular study
    Trusting you will derive benefit from the change, 
            Believe me, yours ever,

A Gentleman applying for a Loan on the Insurance of his Life.

Chelsea, S.W., May 14th, 187末

    Having seen an advertisement in the Evening Standard, stating that advances are made by you on life policies at the rate of per cent, per annum, I should feel obliged if you would inform me what amount would be advanced on my life policy. I have insured in the G末 office for nearly eighteen years. The policy is No. 18,723. The annual premium is 60l. A reply at your earliest convenience will oblige, 
        Yours faithfully, 
            S. H. BOLT.
To J. H., Esq.,
E. I. Office, Trade Street.


Appointing an Interview relative to a Loan. 

Trade Street, May 16th, 187末

    In reply to your note of the 14th, I have to request you will be good enough to favour me with a call to-morrow at about 11 A.M. Will you kindly bring your policy with you, and the last receipt?
        Yours faithfully,
            GEORGE SIMMS,
S. H. Bolt, Esq.           Secretary.

A Letter from a Marine Engineer, seeking an eligible Partnership.

Ipswich, March 14, 187末.

    From an intimate friend of your family with whom I have spent a i鑿 days, I am led to suppose you have some desire to join in a desirable partnership. I beg to inform you that for some years I have been engaged in iron ship-building, and I am prepared to take a partner, active or otherwise. The business in which I am at present engaged is connected with an extensive graving dock, now in formation; attached to which will be marine engine and boiler works, so that we may be able to attend, not only to the lengthening and requisite repairs of the hulls, but be able to uphold and renovate their engines, boilers, &c. &c., a combination which is now specially demanded by the greatly increased employment of steam vessels.
    If you will favour me with a call, I will enter more fully into particulars.
        I remain, Sir,
            Yours faithfully,


A Gentleman having visited a Property making an Offer for it.

The Elms, Whitchurch, Feb. 15th, 187末

    I am this moment returned from Nantwich, having travelled part of the way last night from B末. The house there did not quite satisfy me, but if the trustees of the late owner will do what is required, the place may be made suitable. I looked over the house, grounds, and furniture, and my chief objection is to the want of finish about the grounds. With the house itself I am quite satisfied, and the furnishing of the ground floor requires no special remark; but the bedrooms appear rather defective. Some rooms I could not see, on account of the indisposition of the present tenant. On the whole my notion of the value is about 」末 per annum, which, if entertained, I should be disposed to give, supposing the trustees will do all I require.
    I should prefer renting the house for a twelvemonth's occupancy, with option to make it five years. I shall be in London next week, and will fix a day for calling on you if you think it likely we may come to terms. I of course assume that the house would be fully furnished in every respect, excepting plate and linen. I should wish some inexpensive matters done to the grounds which I will explain if we meet. Should you wish any further references I shall be happy to furnish you with them.
        Yours truly,
            A. B. H.


Reply to a Gentleman who has been treating for a House.

Westwood, February 16th, 187末

    I am glad to find by your letter of yesterday's date that you like the house. I only wish you could have seen it when I occupied it myself末there would have been no cause of complaint as to the out-door appearance then. I shall be very glad indeed to see you in London on Monday, Tuesday, or Wednesday next (on Thursday I go Axminster), but should those days be inconvenient, pray name your own. I think it likely we nay come to terms. Strange to say, I had an application from Mrs. Eglamon's solicitor yesterday, asking permission for her to remain a few months longer. I shall not reply until I have seen you.
        Yours truly,

From a Young Man who has taken his late Employer's Business, to an old Customer.

Romsey, July 4th, 187末

    I doubt not that you have heard of the death of my late employer. I have managed his business during the whole of his illness, and as his widow declines to carry it on, I have taken the shop and stock-in-trade, and shall be glad to keep up the connexion with you. I have sent the enclosed bills, which are due, and you may depend on punctuality and attention if you honour me with your orders.
        I remain,
            Yours respectfully,


To a Young Man, relative to his late Employer's Business, which he proposes to carry on.

Portsmouth, July 7th, 187末 

    I received yours of the 4th inst., and am extremely sorry to hear of the death of toy old friend, your late employer, but at the same time very much pleased to find that his business has fallen into such good hands as yours. You have double advantages over a stranger, as you are well acquainted with your late employer's trade and customers, which, by his transactions with me, appear to be very extensive. I have sent your order in ten bales marked D.P., by the 8.40 train, and you will find them as good as your best customers can desire. I am very glad you wish to keep up the old connexion. Wishing you every success,
        I remain,
            Yours faithfully,
                JOHN BACON.

From a Young Tradesman, askin9 Advice in Difficulties.

Commercial Road, June 12th, 187末

    I am encouraged by my knowledge of your kindness to ask your advice with regard to the difficulties which at present surround me.
    On commencing business, about four years since, everything looked bright and prosperous, but the pressure put upon me now, in consequence of the many bankruptcies that have lately taken place, has brought me to the very brink of misery and ruin. I see no [-141-] prospect before me but to compound with my creditors, and that I would by any possibility avoid. Knowing the interest you have always taken in me, and being well aware that your advice and assistance are most valuable, I now venture to apply to you. I have dreaded to do so, as it appeared to me that I was, as it were, imposing upon your too compassionate heart. However, now, dear sir, you know the whole of my circumstances, and exactly the position in which I find myself, through no fault of my own. I shall anxiously await your reply. With many thanks for past undeserved kindness,
        I remain,
            Dear Sir, 
          Yours most respectfully,
                H. S.F.

Reply to Young Tradesman's Letter, relative to Difficulties.

St. Mary Axe, London, June 19th, 187末

    Having admired you for your upright dealings ever since you commenced business, I am sorry to hear of your present difficulties. There are but two courses open to you -bankruptcy or composition. Compound with your creditors, as the best and only means of showing your honesty of purpose, and also because it will save them the expenses caused by bankruptcy. I will do all in my power to arrange matters for you My own claim I will not at present press, and very possibly when everything is settled you may find yourself in the much less distressing position than you at [-142-] present imagine. Let me see you as soon as you can. Keep nothing back from me.
        Yours truly,

From a Man with a entail Capital intending to go into Business, asking for Advice.

Penge, April 5th, 187末

    Having within the last few weeks received a very handsome legacy, I am thinking of endeavouring to increase it by going into business. For some years, you are aware, I was with Messrs. Piper and Co., and I imagine I might derive benefit from their connexion. I am well convinced, from your practical knowledge, you will give me such information as will prevent my getting into difficulties. I presume I must be cautious, in starting in business, not to sink too much of my funds in a large stock at first, as there may be a doubt that the return would not be sufficiently speedy to cover my outlay, and consequently I should be obliged to draw upon my capital for household expenses. There is another point on which I wish your advice, and that is as to the locality in which 1 should take a business. Do you recommend a new neighbourhood, or not? Will you also give me some hints as to the sort of connexion I should endeavour to obtain? and doubtless you will oblige me in giving me a few general directions as to the best mode of succeeding in my undertaking.
        I remain,
            Dear Sir,
                Yours respectfully,


Reply to Young Man intending to go into Business. 

Tarnham, May 4th, 187末

    I was glad to receive your letter, and glad to find you have confided in your father's old friend for advice, under the circumstance of your starting in business. You do not tell me the amount of your capital; but whether large or small, the same rule should be adopted ;末you must be very careful in the matter of investing your money, for without great precaution and judgment you may be a considerable loser. Do not lay in too large a stock. Should trade prove slack, the rent and taxes of your premises must be paid; the stock lies idle and deteriorates in value; and when once you dip into your capital there will be little prospect of your recovering yourself again.
    With regard to a locality, you must be guided very much by the number of the inhabitants, the nature of the neighbourhood, the requirements and the customs of the resident population; and if possible you should ascertain whether there is any one in the same business who may already have obtained the best connexion. Many small capitalists, in going into a new neighbourhood, have been bitterly disappointed in their expectations of making a good connexion. It is really a fact, that the first shops established in a new place generally fail. Should your neighbourhood be a poor one, guard against laying in a supply of luxuries. Necessaries will be certain to sell. Being agent to one of the large wine firms that supply grocers is a great advantage, as many a customer coming for wine is induced to purchase another article. There is one thing necessary to success in business, and that is [-144-] civility, an amount of which in stock will cost nothing. And by treating all your customers, rich and poor, with due deference but not servility, you will find your custom very much increase. Let your customers see that it is a pleasure for you to oblige, and that it is not done with a view only of selfish greed or gain. Should you require advice at any future time, I shall be very glad indeed to give you any information you stay require.
    I will close my letter with one more word of counsel, which is this末do not get into debt. Wishing you every success,
        Believe me,
            Your sincere friend,

From a Merchant abroad to his Brother, forwarding Goods for Sale, and requesting others.

Leghorn, May 4th, 187末

    According to promise by last mail, I send you by first steamer twelve bales of raw silk, marked R. N. I need not tell you to dispose of them to the best advantage; they are in first-rate condition, warranted good; I examined each bale myself before shipping. I enclose an order for several different articles of British manufacture, to be sent at an early date; let them be as good and as cheap as you can possibly procure. That class of goods is in great demand at present.
        Your affectionate brother,
            J. T.


Brother answering his Brother or Friend, relative to receipt of Goods.

London, May 16th, 187末

    Yours of the 4th was duly received, and the goods therein mentioned have since been delivered at the Custom末house. I immediately advertised them for sale in twelve different lots, but they were all bought up by one of the principal manufacturers in Spitalfields for a good sum, which I have lodged in the bank to your credit. I forwarded last week, by the Orion, the different articles you ordered. There are twenty bales, marked "A. X." I am told, by judges in the trade, that they are the best and cheapest that can be had. I shall be glad to hear they have realized your expectations.
        Your affectionate brother,

A Gentleman in the Corn Trade to another.

Petersfield, January 3 1st, l87末 

We had a tolerable supply of wheat at market to-day; there was rather a limited attendance, however, and business on the whole proceeded slowly. Most of the samples exhibited were in poor condition; and this, coupled with the sluggish demand, caused prices to give way from one to two shillings per quarter. Foreign wheat had but a dull inquiry. In the flour market there was a moderate consumptive business done, at about late terms; best descriptions of malting and grinding barleys were held for rather higher terms, [-146-] with a quiet demand. I shall be in your neighbourhood on Sunday, and will give you a call.
        Yours very truly,
            J末N D末R.

Frown a Friend at Bradford to his Friend in London, on Business (Wool).

Bradford, January 17th, 187末

    We are looking up, as there is a very good tone prevailing in the wool market, and a very fair amount of business has been done during the past week. The late advancing rates, consequent upon the high prices of country dealers, tend to check operations, which are quite of a consumptive character. Very good wethers continue in demand. Hogs are rather more in favour. Skin wool is also in fair request; pieces are very stiff. Hughes' sale the other day fully sustained the tendency of the market, both as respects demands and quotations. I will not lose an opportunity, believe me.
        I remain,
            Yours sincerely,
                JAMES BOLTON.

From a Shopkeeper in the Country, to a Wholesale Dealer.

Cefnmawr, October 1st, 187末

    I was very sorry, on the last receipt of a parcel forwarded by you, to be obliged to find fault with some of the goods, which were not at all up to [-147-] sample that was sent about two months since. You assured me, at the same time, that in future there should be no cause for complaint. Since then I have received my last order, and there is, if possible, a greater inferiority in some of the articles than on the previous occasion. I do not, believe me, complain without cause; my customers are disposed, I fear, to leave me, not being satisfied with the quality of the articles I sell. If you will make some reduction in price, I will retain those I have now; otherwise, however unwilling I may be to do so, I must return them. Awaiting an early reply,
        I remain, Sir,
            Yours truly,
                H. N末 

Wholesale Dealer, to Tradesman in the Country.

London, October 4th, 187末

    We were sorry to find, on receipt of yours of the inst., that you had occasion again to find fault with the goods lately furnished. Some parcels forwarded to you were done so by inadvertence. We should be sorry to lose your custom, and also grieved to hear you had suffered any pecuniary loss. We are perfectly willing to agree to such a reduction in price as you, in your integrity, think fairly just.
        We remain,
                Yours obediently,
                 A. O末


To a Theatrical Manager.

Shoreham, September, 187末

    Having seen in the Era of last week that your theatre opens in a fortnight, and that a "General Utility Man" and "First Walking Lady" are wanted, I beg to offer the services of Mrs. A. and myself. We have filled the same places in many theatres (our last engagement was in the North). We have also been very frequently employed in arranging and conducting amateur performances. I trust to hear in a few days, as I leave this next week.
        I remain, Sir,
            Your obedient servant,
                H. ADAIR

From a House and Estate Agent, acknowledging receipt of a Communication relative to Sale or Letting of a Property.

84, Crane Street, London, Nov. 14th, 187末

    I am obliged by your favour of yesterday's date, notifying that Treverne House will be vacant next month. I am sorry to say, things remain very bad here, and I find few purchasers at high prices. See my last letter respecting the offer made by Mr. Townsend. I gave you information about selling prices, and I do not see much improvement in the ideas of buyers at present. By the way, there is a small account of 41. outstanding against you on my books, which doubtless you have overlooked. Will you kindly remit it? and please say if I am to take any [-149-] step beyond placing Treverne House on my list, to sell or let 
        I remain, Madam,
            Yours faithfully,
                THOMAS OLIVER
Mrs. A. Morgan,
18, St. George's Road, Hanover Square.

A Gentleman to a Friend, relative to a Bill.

Tangel Lane, May 25th, 187末

    I had a note from Mr. B末 this morning relative to our bill for 50l. I am very anxious about the matter. Will you call to-morrow, and bring as much money as you can collect? I am afraid he is inclined to be very disagreeable. I will do all I can.
        Yours ever,
            J. F. T.

Reply to Question as to Rent of, and permission to View, a House. 

Wandsworth, May 5th, 187末

    As we are about to go abroad, we wish to let our house quickly, and for this purpose have consented to reduce our terms from guineas to guineas, furnished. We are quite convinced this is a very cheap rental for the style and accommodation of the place, which we think you will be pleased with, if you will favour it with a visit. The scenery is beautiful; the parish church is close at hand, as also the station; [-150-] the neighbourhood is excellent. There is a good market town within easy reach. Trusting to hear from you shortly, 
        I remain,
            Yours faithfully,

From the Secretary of a Convalescent Hospital, applying for Expenses of Patients.

Denbigh, July 20th, 187末

     I am directed by the committee of management to request you will remit the sum due for the maintenance of the sick people introduced by you during the last quarter. The amount due, I believe, was furnished you by the house surgeon a week or two since.
        I remain, Sir,
            Your obedient servant,
                H末 H末 I

From a Gentleman, enclosing a Certificate of Illness from a Medical Man, excusing himself from attending at his Office.

Brompton, May 28th, 187末

     I enclose, as you wish, a certificate from Dr. R. P末, who has been attending me for the last few weeks. I hope most sincerely I shall be able to resume my duties about the middle of the week, particularly if I go on improving as I have done the last few days.
    [-151-] I trust you will tender my best thanks to all for their forbearance and assistance during my illness.
        Believe me,
            Yours very truly,

Medical Attendant's Certificate.

Brompton, May 28th, 187末

    I beg to certify that Mr. J. W末 is unable to attend to his duties. For some weeks past he has suffered greatly, but I think in a week or ten days he will be in a position to resume his post.
    B末 O末, M.D.

Reply to am Advertisement for the Appointment of Medical Officer to an Union Division.

Bromley, May 14th 187末

    Herewith I enclose ray testimonials, with an application for the appointment of Medical Officer to the Upton Division of your parish. I am duly qualified, as a reference to the "Medical Register" will show. Should you be pleased to elect me to the vacant post, I can assure you that no pains on my part shall be wanting to alleviate the sufferings of the poor, with due regard to the interests of the ratepayers.
        I remain,
                Your obedient Servant,


To a Gentleman in reply as to an Agency for a Bordeaux Firm.

Strand London March 6th, 187末

    I have received your letter of the 4th inst. If you feel confident that you are in a position to do a good and safe private trade for my firm I shall be pleased to hear from you with regard to references, &c. The commission we allow to our agents is 15 per cent., the cheapest qualities excepted, on which we allow only 10 per cent. commission. Letters for me to be addressed "Care of Messrs. F末t and F末k, Strand, London." I shall be returning to Bordeaux shortly, and await your early reply.
        Yours truly,
            JAMES MORTINE.
    One of the Firm of Mortine & Co.

Letter urging Payment of a Debt. 

Doncaster, April 10th, 187末

    I have made several applications to you for the settlement of your account, now a long time over due. Our clerk has frequently called for it, but has not been fortunate enough to have an interview with you. I have a very large amount to make up by the end of this month, and must beg of you to give attention to it before that time. You must be aware that the account has already run far beyond my usual term of credit. Awaiting an early settlement,
        I am, Sir,
            Your obedient Servant,
                H. H. C.


A Tenant to a Landlord, requesting Time to Pay Rent.

14, Steel Street, January 21st, 187末

    From most unexpected and distressing circumstances, of which perhaps you may, by report, have become acquainted before this, I regret that I have been unable to pay my rent for the past half-year. But as up to this time the payment has always been punctually made, I hope I may request your kind forbearance a short time longer. Trusting that you will accede to my request,
        I am, dear Sir,
            Yours respectfully,
                ADAM JONES.
C. Douglas, Esq.

Answer from a Landlord in reply to a Tenant, relative to Non-payment of Rent.

Lansdowne Place, April 14th, 187末

    As you assume, I have heard reports of your distressing disappointments. I think you have known me long enough to be sure I would not willingly distress any one, more especially a tenant who up to this time has been so punctual in his payments. When you can conveniently pay the last half-year's rent, de so; I shall not末rest assured末make any demand upon you for it. Trusting that your difficulties will soon be satisfactorily arranged,
        I remain,
            Yours faithfully,
                JOHN SAVAGE.


Reply from Landlord to a Tenant, relative to Non-payment of Rent.

Hood's Place, Waverton, January 21st, 187末

    I regret to hear of the difficulties and disappointments which you tell me in your letter of the 19th inst. you are at present experiencing. Were it in my power to grant you time to pay the rent now overdue, I would most willingly do so; but I have heavy and serious calls upon me at this moment, and must therefore request you to forward me the amount by return of post.
        I remain,
                Yours obediently,
                    JAMES GOODCHILD.

A Sugar Refiner applying for a Situation.

Shoreditch, July 19th, 187末.

    Being out of employment at present, and bearing you required a sober, steady, active, and pushing man to superintend your business upstairs, I write to inform you that for years I was head upstairs man at Messrs. and Co. You will see by the enclosed copy of a testimonial from them that the duties of filling out the goods up to the stoving, were carried out in such a manner as to convince them I thoroughly understood the business. A reply at your convenience will much oblige,
        Yours respectfully,
Messrs. Sweet and Sharp.


An Application for an Appointment on a Railway.

Chatham, January lst, 187末

    Having received my discharge from the army after completing ten years' service, and being desirous of obtaining employment as a porter on a railway, I take the liberty of enclosing a copy of my discharge to you, understanding you have great influence in the appointment of the Company's servants. I have never filled such an appointment before, but I lived as foot man for some years with a gentleman whose testimony as to character I also enclose. I trust you will favourably consider my case. Should my application prove successful I will always endeavour, by diligent discharge of my duty, to show my sense of your kindness.
        I remain, Sir,
            Your most obedient Servant,
                JAMES MAURICE.
  Samuel Stevens, Esq.,
Secretary Tavistock Railway.

Reply to a Gentleman requiring a Situation as a Cleric and Foreign Correspondent.

Austin Friars, July 14th, 187末

    I am glad to be able to offer you the positiofl you sought. Your testimonials are excellent. Although you had many competitors, your knowledge of languages (more especially German) had great weight, and we have dccided to appoint you. The gentleman who has held the appointment up to this time is, I find, [-156-] residing in your neighbourhood. He may be known to you; if so, he would I dare say tell you we are extremely particular as to punctuality. You can commence your duties on Monday next.
        I remain,
            Dear Sir,
                Yours obediently,
                    J. JONES

Applying for a Clerkship.

    Being desirous of obtaining a clerkship, and seeing by advertisement that your firm is in want of a confidential clerk, I beg to offer myself as a candidate for the situation. I held a similar appointment for some years with Messrs. Turine and Medei of San Paulo. I can write, speak fluently, interpret, and translate French, Spanish, and German.
    I enclose copies of my testimonials. Should you be pleased to appoint me, no exertion on my part shall be wanting to give you satisfaction.
        I remain,
                Your obedient servant,

A Reply to an Advertisement for an Appointment as Secretary to an institution.

London, May 31st, 187

"Wanted immediately, a Secretary."

    With reference to the above advertisement I beg to enclose copies of testimonials, received within [-157-] the last few months, by which you will see lay capability for management. My friends, you will observe, are gentlemen of position and influence, with whom I am and have been for years on terms of the greatest intimacy. I need not say that, should I obtain the appointment in question, my interest with them and many other very influential friends should be exerted to the utmost of my power to promote in every way the interests of the Institution.
        I remain,
                Yours faithfully,
                    H. V. Y.

Applying to a Friend for a Recommendation by a Young Man desirous of obtaining an Appointment.

Chelsea, May 14th, 187末

    As you have known me for very many years, and as I am at present endeavouring to obtain an appointment with Messrs. L末g and L末g, may I take the liberty of asking you to give me a recommendation to them? You know that I have always borne an upright and unblemished character, and that while under your superintendence I was always attentive to my duties, and I believe that I obtained your confidence. Trusting you will comply with my request,
        I remain,
            Dear Sir,
                Yours respectfully,
                    H. P. K.


An Application for a Situation in the Police.

Sevenoaks, February 12th, 187末

    Having served with you for seven years in the 末th Foot, during which time I was employed in situations of trust, and hearing now that you have great influence with the Commissioners of the Police Force of the City of London, may I take the liberty of asking you to assist me in obtaining an appointment in the Force? I am twenty-eight years of age, five feet ten inches in height, strong and healthy, and carried away many prizes at our regimental games.
        I remain, Sir,
            Yours most respectfully,
                H. J. I.,
            Late Sergeant 199th Foot.
Colonel 末, Belgrave Square.

From a Person desirous of Employment as a Manager of a Wholesale or Retail Business.

Shepherd's Bush, April 5th, 187末

    I beg to forward a strong recommendation from Messrs. C末 and G末 for the post of manager of your [-retail or wholesale-] business. For some years previous to the late war I was employed by Messrs. and 末, and was selected by their French correspondents to manage a branch establishment at B末, which is now progressing most satisfactorily. I am a good correspondent in French and Italian and German, and understand the business well in all its branches.
    [-159-] Trusting that you will favourably consider my friend's recommendation,
        I remain, Gentlemen,
            Yours faithfully,

Reply to an Application relating to an Advertisement.

420, Princes Street, London

    In reply to yours respecting the advertisement in yesterday's Times, the appointment referred to was to fill up a vacancy in the Board of an established Brewery Company, "limited," and one which has the prospect of more than ordinary success. All the parties connected with it are of the highest respectability. pounds are required to be invested in paid末up shares, and the remuneration of a director would probably be 」末 per annum. There is one appointment also connected with this, worth 」末 per annum; but the individual who takes this is expected to introduce 」末 on share or loan capital. Should this be likely to suit you, please make an appointment for an early interview.
        Yours faithfully,

A Book-keeper and Accountant applying for Employment.

Hampton, February 1st, 187

    My late employer, Mr. 末, having relinquished business, and hearing that you required a bookkeeper, I venture to apply for the situation. For many years I have had great business experience, having [-159-] been entrusted with matters of great responsibility. I am a good accountant, and can speak and write German, French, and Italian fluently. Soliciting the favour of a reply,
        I remain, Sir,
            Yours faithfully,

Application for Employment in an Auctioneer's and Estate Agent's Office.

Swansea, July 1st, 187末

    Having lately been engaged in the office of S末 and Co., auctioneers and surveyors in B末 and wishing to remove to London, where I have some very influential friends, I write to ascertain if you have a vacancy in your office. The whole control of the business here was left in my hands. I am an experienced surveyor, and can prepare particulars of sale, plans, reports, catalogues, advertisements, &c.; and am able to conduct the routine of business, both in and out of doors. I can refer you to persons in the City should you favour me with a reply.
        I remain, Sir,
            Yours respectfully,

A Person desirous of entering into Partnership in a Lucrative Profession.

Ladbroke Terrace, May 1st, I87末

    Having seen that Mr. B末 has retired from your firm, I beg to introduce to your notice a [-161-] friend of mine, who wishes to invest about 2000l. in a lucrative business. I have pointed out to him what a well established house yours is, and how the business could be readily increased by the assistance of an energetic partner. He is a man of education, has a great turn for business, and has travelled abroad. He is about thirty years of age, and can give you the most unexceptionable references. If you can call on me I will introduce him to you.
        Yours truly,

An Estate Agent, relative to a House of which his Client is anxious to Dispose.

Salisbury, February 14th, 187末

Re: Woodside

    We have been expecting to hear from you re the above, giving us instructions as to whether we shall put it up in the Mart this spring or not. If it is still your intention to do so, may we ask that you will kindly let us know at once, as we will then immediately get our bills out, and have them posted about, as this is generally requisite a month or two before the sale, so as to have it well advertised.
    If you would kindly favour us with a call, we shall be glad to confer with you upon the subject.
    We may mention we are expecting to have several other estates for sale by auction in the spring.
    An early call or reply would greatly oblige,
        Your most obedient servant,
            H. & Co.


From an Agent who has been engaged in endeavouring to arrange a matter of importance, applying for Remuneration.

189, Trafalgar Square, September 14th, 187末 

    You will of course have observed, by the announcement in the newspapers of this day's date, that the business we have been so anxious about is settled. I do not wish to enlarge on my own humble services in the cause; but I am sure you will admit that if a professional gentleman had been employed. the advice and services I have rendered during the last few years would have been made into a very lengthy bill, far exceeding the amount you promised me, what ever the issue of the negociations might be. I am well assured that I am in good hands, however, and had I been called upon to render ten times the required services and advice, you would have found me as ready and willing as I have been. Your kind favour of the ult., enclosing cheque, was duly received. I need not say how glad I shall be to hear again from you at your earliest convenience.
        I remain,
            Dear Madam,
                Yours very faithfully,
                    ERASMUS JACKSON.

Letter from a Traveller at Manchester, to his Employers in London.

Manchester, January 18th, 187末 

    During the week very little change has taken place in prices quoted in my last. Cotton was a shade [-163-] better on Monday, which caused sellers of yarn and cloth in this market to ask rather more in some instances; but the improvement was quite evanescent. The market, however, has continued steady. Some buyers have made attempts to operate at rather lower prices, and offers have been freely made at 1/8d. to 1/4d. per lb. for yarns, but the offers have only been made in exceptional cases. For goods of all descriptions, notwithstanding some discouraging accounts from abroad, very considerable contracts for distant delivery in point of time could have been secured by making a very slight concession.
    Madapollams, jaconets, and mulls are not in active request, but maintain last week's values. Printers T cloths and domestics meet with a fair consumptive demand, and orders can only he placed at the prices of Tuesday. Large importations of cotton, and lower prices, are causing buyers to operate cautiously, both in yarn and cloth. I leave this to-morrow for Macclesfleld.
        I remain, Gentlemen,
            Yours obediently,

Relative to an Advertisement, requesting a copy.

Wareham, June 15th, 187末.

    I have the pleasure of forwarding you, on the fly-leaf a copy of the order for the advertisement We trust it was in conformity with your wishes.
        Yours respectfully,
            H. M. B末.


Application for a Debt some time owing.

Windsor Buildings, May 14th, 187末.

    Mr. W.C. Durnford has placed his book debts in my hands to collect, and I shall be obliged by the payment of 1l. 18s. 6d., for which I find you are his debtor.
        I am, Madam,
            Your obedient servant,
                J末 I 末

Application for an outstanding Account. 

London, May 4th, 187末

    We beg to inform you that we are instructed by Messrs. Bn and Cn, of Duncan Street, who are desirous of clearing off several outstanding accounts which are considerably overdue, to make application to you for payment of an amount of 」末 18s. 4d. for articles supplied in July, 1868, and January, 1869; and to facilitate the next balancing of books, we ask you to kindly make it convenient to favour us with a cheque for the amount before the 30th inst.
        We are, Madam,
            Yours faithfully,
                H .F. & Co.


Applying for an Account, and furnishing particulars.

  Streatham, June 13th, 187末

    On the other side I hand you particulars of Mrs. Soames' account, for which please send me cheque.
        Yours truly,
     pro P. F. C.

A Gentleman's Servant, applying for a Situation.

Praetland Terrace, March 1st, 187H. F. & Co.

"Valet Wanted."

    In reply to an advertisement in yesterday's Daily Telegraph, headed as above, I beg to offer myself for the situation.
    For six years and a half I lived with the late General Aslett in that capacity; on his death the establishment was reduced, and I received my dismissal.
    I enclose a copy of my character from my previous masters, and also one from the proprietor of the Great Northern Hotel, who has known me for many years. I am unmarried, 5ft. 10in, in height, and twenty-eight years of age.
        I remain, Sir,
     Your most obedient humble servant,
            JAMES FIELD:

From a Coachman, requiring a place.

Croydon, October 2nd.

    Having heard that you are in want of a coachman, I respectfully beg to offer myself for the situation.
    [-166-] I have lived in my last place with J. G末, Esq., who will, I am sure give me a good character.
        I remain, Sir,
                Your obedient servant,
                    JOHN JAMES.


Beech Park, October 4th

    I have received your application for my coachman's place, and should be glad to know of how many horses you had the care at Mr. 末's; whether you had a groom under you; and if you can drive in London as well as in the country.
    Let me know also if you are a married man, and, if so, whether you have a family.
                    ROBERT BRUCE

Coachman's Reply.

Croydon, October 6th.

    I had the care of three horses at Mr. and he allowed me assistance in the stable.
    I am a married man and have five children. I hare been used to drive in London during the season. If you should be pleased to engage me, I shall endeavour to do my best to serve you.
        I am, Sir,
            Your obedient servant,
                JOHN JAMES.


Applying for a Situation as a Gardener.

Snowdrop Cottage, June 1st, 187末

    Understanding that there will be a vacancy shortly in your establishment for a gardener, I respectfully beg to offer myself for the place. From boyhood I have been under the best of gardeners. I served my apprenticeship with, and have been from time to time improving myself under the direction of one of the most experienced landscape gardeners employed in the Crystal Palace Gardens. I enclose you a copy of the opinion formed of my capabilities by those under whom I placed myself; and assure you my whole time and study shall be devoted to your service.
        I remain,
            Yours obediently,
                E. GARDNER.

A Gentleman ordering a Set of Harness from a Saddler.

Edisbury Place, February 4th, 187末

    I send my coachman to consult with you as to the style and quality of a new set of double harness, which I shall shortly require. My own idea is that harness cannot be too light looking. I have also a great objection to a large amount of plating. My coachman will tell you the size of the horses; and please let me know by him the very lowest price.
        Yours obediently,
            JAMES HEATON


Saddler, in reply.

Saddler, in reply.

3, Tanning Road, February 1st, 187末

    Many thanks for your esteemed communication. From the description given by your coachman of the double harness required, I think I can supply you to your satisfaction for the sum of 24l., and everything will be of the best. quality. Trusting that you will be satisfied with the quality and character of the goods,
        I remain,
                Your humble obedient servant,
                    JOSEPH TANNER.

Gentleman in reply, objecting to Price.

Edisbury Place, February, 187末

    On my return I was much surprised to find that your prices were so very much above the sum I proposed to expend for a set of double harness: however, I will consider the matter. A friend of mine who lately ordered a set of harness much the same as that which my coachman described to you, assures me that the charge for it was between 5l. and 6l. less. I will see you on the subject on my return from Rome.
        Yours obediently,
            JAMES HEATON,


Saddler, in reply.

3, Tanning Road, February 1st, 187末

    As I am sorry at any time to lose custom, I take the liberty of requesting you to defer your decision until your return, and if you will then favour me with a call I think I can show you sets of harness at a price that you will find moderate. I enclose you a letter which I have received from a coachman, from which you will be able to judge for yourself of the pressure put upon us by servants.
        I remain,
                Yours respectfully,
                    JOSEPH TANNER.
James Heaton, Esq.

Requesting the Renewal of a Bill. 

Tipnor, February 4th, 187末

    Having had groat difficulty in collecting my accounts during the last half year (although I have strict assurances that they will all, or nearly all, be settled by the end of this month), I find I am unabk to meet in full my acceptance to you for 150l. 14s. 2d. Would you oblige me by holding it to the end of this month? I shall then be prepared to meet the same. An early reply will oblige,
        Yours truly,
Messrs. Farren, Johnson, and Styles.



Form of Cheque to "Bearer."

London, Dec. 8th, 18末

 To the London Joint-Stock Bank,
    Chancery Lane Branch.

            Pay to or bearer, One Hundred pounds.
        」100.                                         T. ROBINSON.

Form of Cheque to "Order."

London, Dec. 8th, 18末

To the London Joint- Stock Bank,
    Chancery Lane Branch.

          Pay to or order, One Hundred pounds.
        」100.                                         T. ROBINSON.
            This form will require, previous to payment, the endorsement of the party to whom it is made payable.

Form of an Ordinary Bill of Exchange.

London, May 1st, 18末

     Three Months after date, pay to me or my order One Hundred pounds. Value received.
                                                    T. ROBINSON.

To Mr. Henry Jones, Liverpool
    To make this a negotiable document, it has to be accepted by being signed across the face by the party on whom it is drawn, and endorsed on the back by the drawer.
    This admits of the following change, according to circumstances: instead of "three months after date," it may be "at sight," or at such a time "after sight," or at such a specified time," or "on demand;" and the instruction to pay may be "to A. B. or order."


Form of a Promissory Note.

」100                             London, July 1st, 18末

    Three Months after date, I promise to pay to Mr. Henry Jones, or order, One Hundred pounds, for value received. T. ROBINSON.
 Payable at The London Joint-Stock Bank, Chancery Lane Branch.
    To make this a negotiable document, it has to be endorsed by being signed across the back by the party to whom it is made payable.

Form of a Foreign Bill of Exchange.

」100.                                     Paris, June 1st, 18末

    Sixty days after sight of this First of Exchange (Second and Third unpaid) pay to the order of Messrs. Jones and Robinson, One Hundred pounds sterling, value received; and charge to account, with or without advice of WILLIAM SMITH.
    To Mr. Thomas Kelley, Manchester. 
        Payable in London.
    The naming of the payee admits of the same variations as are exhibited in an ordinary Bill of Exchange. The time of payment may be, in like manner, variously expressed. The term "usance" is sometimes employed to express the period of running in foreign bills. It means a certain time fixed by custom as between any two places, and the period covered by a usance will therefore depend on the places of drawing and payment.

Form of Ordinary Receipt.

London, May 2nd, 18末 

    Received of Mr. John Frost, Twenty末nine pounds twelve shillings and sixpence.
    」29 12s. 6d.                                   C. CUTHBERT.
NB. 末All receipts for sums of Two pounds and upwards require to have a receipt stamp affixed to them, which stamp should be cancelled by being written across. The penalty for evading this law is 50l.


Form of Receipt for Rent.

London, August 18th, 18末.

    Received of A. Wigram, Esq., Fifteen pounds, being one quarter's rent due on Midsummer Day last, for the premises occupied by him at No. 14, South Rupert Street, W.C.
    」15 0s. 0d.                              T. PHILLIPS.

Form of Agreement for Taking a House.

    Memorandum of an undertaking entered into this day of 蔓, 18末, between A. B. of 末, and C. D. of末, as follows:-
    The said A. B. doth hereby let unto the said C. D. a dwelling-house, situate in the parish of , for the term of one year certain, and so on from year to year, and so on until half a year's notice to quit be given by or to either party, at the yearly rent of 」末, payable quarterly; the tenancy to commence at day next.
    And the said A. B. doth undertake to pay the land-tax, the property-tax, and the sewer-rate, and to keep the said house in all necessary repairs, so long as the said C. D. shall continue therein. And the said C. D. doth undertake to take the said house of A. B. for and at the before-mentioned term and rent, and pay all taxes except those on land or property and the sewer-rate, and to abide by the other conditions aforesaid.
    Witness our hands the day and year aforesaid.
    Witness E. F.             A. B.
                                          C. D.

(N.B.末Premises are sometimes let for a term of years, or upon other conditions different from those specified above; in such cases the agreement must, of course, be worded comfortably.-]


Form of Notice to Quit, from a Tenant to Landlord.

    I hereby give you notice that on or before the day of next, I shall quit and deliver up possession of the house and premises I now hold of you, situate at 末, in the parish of 末 , in the county of 末
    Dated this 末 day of 末, 18末.
        Witness, K. I.                   G. H.
To Mr. L. M.

Form of Notice to Quit, from Landlord io Tenant.

    I hereby give you notice to quit the house and appurtenances, situate at No. 末, which you now hold of me, on or before next.
    Dated 末,18末.
                                Signed N. O. (Landlord).
    To Mr. P. Q.

Form of Will.

THIS is the last Will and Testament of A. B., of No. 末 Street 末, . I hereby give and devise to my wife, Jane B., her heirs, executors, and administrators, for her and their own use and benefit, absolutely and for ever, all my estate and effects, both real and personal, whatsoever and wheresoever, and of what nature and quality soever, and I hereby appoint her, the said Jane B., sole executrix of this my Will. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand this 末 day of末, one thousand eight hundred and 末.
    A. B.
Signed by the said A. B., in the presence of us, present at the same time, who in his presence and [-174-]  in the presence of each other, attest and subscribe our names as witnesses hereto.
    [-NB末The above is a simple form of Will They can, of course, be made in various ways, but in every case care should be taken that the persons mentioned in the Will should be fully and properly designated, and that the testator's intentions be stated in language as clear and precise as possible.-]

Form of Bill of Sale.

KNOW all men by these presents, that I, A. B., of 末, for and in consideration of the sum of 末,in hand, paid, at and before the sealing and delivery hereof, by C. D., of 末 ,the receipt whereof I do hereby acknowledge, have bargained and sold, and by these presents do bargain and sell unto the said C. D., all the goods, household stuff, and implements of household, and all other goods whatsoever mentioned in the schedule hereunto annexed, now remaining and being in To have and to hold all and singular the goods, household stuff, and implements of household, and every of them by these presents, bargained and sold unto the said C. D., his executors, administrators, and assigns for ever, and I, the said A. B., for myself my executors, and administrators, all and singular, of the said goods, unto the said C. D., his executors and administrators and assigns, and against all and every other person and persons whatsoever, shall and will warrant and for ever defend by these presents, of which goods I, the said A. B., have put the said C. D., in possession, by delivering him one silver candelabrum, on the sealing hereof; in witness whereof I have hereunto put my hand and seal this 末 day of 末, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and 末
    Signed, sealed, and delivered, in the presence of us} C.D.,  J E. F.



1. In Letters or Conversation.

2. The Directions of Letters.


    1. Sir; Most Gracious Sovereign; May it please your Majesty.
    2. To the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
The Sons and Daughters, Brothers and Sisters of Sovereigns末
    1. Sir, or Madam, May it please your Royal Highness.
    2. To His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales.
To Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Cambridge.

Other Branches of the Royal Family.

1. Sir, or Madam, May it please your Highness.
2. To His Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge; or, To Her Royal Highness the Princess Mary of Teck.


A Duke, or Duchess末
    1. My Lord Duke, or Madam, May it please your Grace.
    2. To His Grace the Duke of Bedford; or, To Her Grace the Duchess of Bedford.

A Marquis, or Marchioness末
    1. My Lord, or Madam, May it please your Lordship or, May it please your Ladyship.
2. To the Most Noble the Marquis, or Marchioness. of Westminster.


An Earl or Countess末the same.
To the Right Honourable the Earl, or Countess, 0* Shrewsbury

A Viscount or Viscountess末
    1. My Lord, or Madam, May it please your Lordship, or, May it please your Ladyship.
To the Right Honourable Viscount, or Viscountess, Lifford.

A Baron or Baroness末the same.
    To the Right Honourable, the Lord Wensleydale, or The Lady St. John.

The widow of a Nobleman is addressed in the same style, with the introduction of the word Dowager in the Superscription of her letters.

To the Right Hon. the Dowager Countess of Chesterfield.

The Sons of Dukes and Marquises, and the eldest Sons of Earls, have, by courtesy, the titles of Lord and Right Honourable; and all the Daughters have those of a Lady and Right Honourable.

The younger Sons of Earls, and the Sons and Daughters of Viscounts and Barons, are styled Honourable.


A Member of His Majesty's Most Hon. Privy Council末 
    1. Sir, or My Lord, Right Honourable Sir, or My Lord, as the case may require.
    2. To the Right Honourable 末 ,* His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.

* Here write the name, and specify the title or rank of the person addressed, as "The Right Houourable the Earl of Winchelsea"


    1. Sir, or My Lord, as the case may be; May it please your Excellency.
    [-177-] 2. To his Excellency the French (or other) Ambassador.
    3. To his Excellency末 * Lieutenant General, and General Governor of that part of the United Kingdom called Ireland.

*Here write the name, and specify the title or rank of the person addressed, as "The Right Honourable the Earl of Winchelsea"


    1. My Lord, May it please your Lordship.
    2. To the Right Honourable 末, Lord Chief Justice of England.

The Lord Mayor of London, York, or Duolin, and the Lord Provost of Edinburgh, during office末the same.
1. My Lord, May it please your Lordship.
    2. To the Right Honourable , Lord Mayor of London. To the Right Honourable 末, Lord Provost of Edinburgh.
    The Lord Provost of every other town in Scotland is styled Honourable.
    The Mayors of all Corporations (excepting the preceding Lord Mayors), and the Sheriffs, Aldermen, and the Recorder of London, are addressed Right Worshipful; and the Aldermen and Recorders of other Corporations, and the Justices of the Peace, Worshipful.


House of Peers末
    1. My Lords, May it please your Lordships.
    2. To the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, in Parliament assembled.
House of Commons末
1. May it please your Honourable House.
    2. To the Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.


The Speaker of the House of Commons末
    1. Sir, or Mr. Speaker.
    2. To the Right Hononrable 末,the Speaker of the House of Commons.

A Member of the House of Commons not ennobled末
    1. Sir.
    2. To Thomas Hughes, Esq., M.P.


An Archbishop末
    1. My Lord, May it please your Grace.
    2. To his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury; or, To the Most Reverend Father in God, 末 ,*  Lord Archbishop of Canterbury.

A Bishop末
    1. My Lord, May it please your Lordship.
    2. The Right Reverend the Bishop of London.
    3. To the Eight Reverend Father in God, 末 ,* Lord Bishop of Peterboro'.

A Dean末
    1. Reverend Sir.
    2. To the Very Reverend Dr. 末, Dean of Westminster.

An Archdeacon末 
The Venerable the Archdeacon of末 

Chancellors are addressed in the same manner

The rest of the Clergy末
    1. Sir,末Reverend Sir.
    2. To the Rev. Dr Campbell.
    To the Rev. J. Jones; or, to the Rev. Mr. Wilson, &o~

Here write the Christian but not the surname.

[--grey numbers in brackets indicate page number, 
(ie. where new page begins), ed.- -]