Victorian London - Directories - Dickens's Dictionary of London, by Charles Dickens, Jr., 1879 - "PET-POL"

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Petty Sessional Divisions in the Metropolitan Police District.—in those portions of the Sessional Divisions which are within the limits of any metropolitan police-court, the criminal business is taken to the police-court but Petty Sessions are held for all parochial or other civil business.
BEACONTREE, Essex (K and N divs.), Petty Sessions Room, adjoining House of Correction, in the parish of Little Ilford, Essex, Saturdays, at 11 am.
BLACKHEATH DIVISION, Kent (R div.), Green Man Hotel, Blackheath, at appointed times throughout the year. For civil business only.
BOROUGH OF KINGSTON, Surrey (V div.), the Petty Sessions for the borough are held every
Wednesday at 10 am, in the Town Hall.
BRENTFORD DIVISION, Middlesex (T and X divs.), Town Hall, New Brentford, Mondays and Saturdays, at 11 am.
BROMLEY DIVISION, Kent (P and R divs.), 1st and other Mondays in the month at Bromley, where the principal sittings are held; 3rd Monday at Chislehurst. The whole of the Petty Sessional Division is within the metropolitan police district, excepting the parishes of Chelsfield, Cudham, and Knockholt.
CHESHUNT DIVISION, Herts (Y div.), Session Rooms, St. Mary’s Hall, Cheshunt, Wednesdays, at  11 am.
CHIPPING BARNET DIVISION Herts (S and Y divs.), Town Hall, Union-st, Barnet, Mondays, at 11 a.m. Police cases are occasionally taken from parts of Finchley and Friern Barnet, in the Highgate Division (County of Middlesex), and Shenley and Tottenidge (County of Herts), to the Chipping Barnet Petty Sessions. Cases which arise in the districts of Bushey, Aldenham, and a part of Elstree (County of Herts) are taken to Watford Petty Sessions, without the limits of the metropolitan district, and beyond the limits of the metropolitan police district.
CROYDON DIVISION, Wallington Hundred, Surrey (P, V, and W divs.), Town Hall, Croydon, Saturdays, at 11 am.
DARTFORD DIVISION, Kent (R div.), Court House, Dartford, alternate Saturdays, at 1 p.m. Pier Hotel, Erith, last Wednesday in month, at 3 p.m. Charges taken in the parishes of East Wickham, Bexley, Crayford, and Erith are heard at Woolwich Police-court. Summonses are decided at Dartford Petty Sessions on alternate Saturdays at 1 p.m. Offences under Metropolitan Police Act, Mr. Beedle’s office, Erith, at 3 p.m., first Wednesday.
EDGWARE DIVISION (Gore Hundred), Middlesex (S and X divs.), Court-house, Edgware, alternate Wednesdays, at 11 a.m. The greater portion of  the criminal business from Willesden in the Kensington Division, all the other parishes of which are in a police-court district, is taken to the Edgware Petty Sessions, but all the parish business, &c., which must be done in the division, is transacted at the Vestry Hall, Kensington, at appointed times throughout the year. The whole of Harrow is in this division for civil business.
EDMONTON HUNDRED, Middlesex (N and Y divs.), County Court, Edmonton, Mondays, at 11 am. The whole of Enfield is in this division of civil business.
ENFIELD, Middlesex (Y div.), clerks office, Enfield Town, Fridays, at 11 am.
EPSOM DIVISION (Copthorne Hundred), Surrey (V and W divs.), Petty Sessions Court, Epsom, every Monday, at 10.30 a.m.
HAMPSTEAD, Middlesex (S div.), Police-station, Hampstead, every Wednesday.
HANOVER.SQUARE DIVISION, Middlesex (B and C divs.), Board Room, Mount-st. For  civil business only.
HIGHGATE OR FINSBURY DIVISION Middlesex (S and Y divs.), police-station,  Highgate, Mondays at 9.30 am. For police cases only. Police cases which arise in parts of Finchley and Friern Barnet are occasionally taken before the justices sitting at the Barnet Petty Sessions.
HIGHGATE OR FINSBURY DIVISION Middlesex (G, N, S andY divs) Sessions House, Clerkenwell, occasionally on Saturdays, at 10.30 am. For civil business only.
HOLBORN DIVISION, Middlesex (E, G, and S divs.), Freemasons’ Tavern, Great Queen-st. For civil business only.
HUNDREDS OF KINGSTON AND ELMIBRIDGE, Surrey (V div.), the Petty Sessions for the Hundred are held in the Grand Jury Room in Kingston-upon-Thames, every Thursday, at 11 am.
KENSINGTON DIVISION, Middlesex (B, T, and X divs.), Vestry Hall, Kensington. For civil business only.
LIBERTY OF THE TOWER OF LONDON (H div.), Court House, Well-close-square. For civil business only.
MARYLEBONE DIVISION, Middlesex (D, E, and S div.), Court House, Marylebone-lane. For civil business only.
PADDINGTON DIVISION, Middlesex (D and X divs.), Vestry Hall, Paddington- green. For civil business only.
RICHMOND DIVISION, Surrey (V div.), Petty Sessions Court, Richmond, Wednesdays, at 11
a.m.
ST. JAMES’S DIVISION, Middlesex (C div.), St. James’s Vestry Hall, Piccadilly. For civil business Only.
ST. MARGARET’S DIVISION, Middlesex (A and B divs.), Sessions House, Westminster. For civil. business only.
ST. PANCRAS DIVISION  Middlesex (E, G, S, and Y), St. Pancras Vestry Room, Pancras-rd. For civil business only. Part of this parish is in the Finsbury Division for police cases. Those parts of the parishes of Hampstead and St. Pancras which are not included in a police-court district come within this district occasionally.
SOUTH MIMS DIVISION, Middlesex ( S div.), the ordinary magisterial business of this division is transacted at the County Court, Chipping Barnet, every Monday, at 11 a.m. Special Sessions for parochial business are held at appointed times throughout the year at Hart’s Horn Inn, High-st., Barnet.
SPELTHORNE DIVISION or HUNDRED  Middlesex (T div.), White Lion, Staines; Red Lion
Inn, Hampton; and Running Horse, Sunbury-common, alternate Mondays, at 12 a.m.
STRAND DIVISION, Middlesex (E div.), Vestry Rooms, St. Martin’s-in-the-fields. For civil business only.
TOWER DIVISION, Middlesex (G, H, K, and N divs.), County Court, Great Prescot-st, Whitechapel, E. For civil business only.
UXBRIDGE DIVISION (Elthorne Hundred), Middlesex (T and X divs.), Public Rooms, Uxbridge, Mondays, at 11 a.m.
WALTHAM ABBEY DIVISION (Epping Hundred), Essex (N andY divs.), County Court, Waltham Abbey, Tuesdays, at 10.30  a.m.
WANDSWORTH DIVISION, Surrey (V div.), County Court House, Wandsworth, specially, at appointed times throughout the year. For civil  business only.

Philanthropic Societies. —The following are the principal Philanthropic Societies, with their objects and terms of subscription, according to official returns furnished, at the Editor’s request, by their respective secretaries. The societies omitted are those from which his request for information has failed to elicit any reply:
ABORIGINES PROTECTION SOCIETY, 17,  King William-street, Charing-cross. — Subscription: 10s. 6d. per annum. Object: To protect the rights and promote the civilisation of aboriginal races, especially in British colonies or the adjacent territories.
AGED PILGRIMS’ FRIEND SOCIETY  and AGED PILGRIMS’ ASYLUM (at Camberwell and Hornsey-rise), 9, Finsbury - pavement. Subscription: Subscribers of £3 3s. per annum qualified to nominate one case. Votes are given also for subscriptions of 7s. and upwards. Object: To grant life pensions of 5, 7 and 10 guineas per annum to the aged Christian poor of both sexes, and of every Protestant denomination, who are eligible by the rules and approved by committee. The asylums are for the reception of 160 pensioners of the Aged Pilgrims’ Friend Society.
ANGLO-ORIENTAL SOCIETY FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF THE OPIUM TRADE, 8, Buckingham-street, Strand. — Subscription  (no information).
ANTI-VIVISECTION, 180, Brompton-road.—(See LONDON ANTI-VIVISECTION SOCIETY, p. 198.)
ARMY RESERVE FORCES’ PROVIDENT AID AND BENEFIT SOCIETY (Registered under 38 & 39 Vict. c. 6o), 6, Finsbury-chambers, 88, London-wall.— Subscription: annual, £2 2s.; honorary, £5 5s. Object: For the purpose of securing a better provision than allowed by the State for the wives and families of the army and militia reserve men, in the event of being called to serve with the colours. The society, although a young one, now numbers 5,000 members, and is self-supporting.
ARTISTS’ ORPHAN FUND (established 1871), 24, Old Bond-street, Piccadilly.—Subscription:  (no information). Object: For the support and education of the orphan children of painters, sculptors, architects, and engravers.
ASSOCIATE INSTITUTION FOR IMPROVING AND ENFORCING THE LAWS FOR THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN, 30, Cockspur-street. —Subscription: Entirely supported by voluntary contributions. Object: The suppression of improper houses. The detection and punishment of parties who commit indecent or other assaults upon women and children. To afford to women and girls counsel and help, with a view to shield them from the temptations and dangers to which they are exposed.
ASSOCIATION FOR THE SUPPLY OF PURE VACCINE LYMPH, 3, Hemmings-row, Charing-cross (temporary). — Annual Subscription: £1 1s. for four charged tubes quarterly, &c. Object: The object of this association is to supply pure calf or humanised vaccine lymph.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN SAILORS’ SOCIETY.—Communications to be addressed to Secretary, Sailors’ Institute, Mercers-st, Shadwell, E. Subscription: £1 1s and £10 10s. life member. Object: Is the religious, intellectual, and social elevatiOn of British and foreign seamen.
BRITISH LADIES’ FEMALE EMIGRANT SOCIETY FOR PROVIDING MATRONS, BOOKS, AND EMPLOYMENT FOR EMIGRANTS DURING THEIR VOYAGE, 23, Fitzroy-st, Fitzroy-sq.-— Subscription: Optional. Object: To provide visitation for emigrant ships at the various ports of departure, forming the female emigrants into industrial classes, and supplying them with means for their instruction and employment during the voyage, through the agency of the secretary, or of a local visiting committee. To find judicious and efficient matrons for the office of superintending the young women on the voyage, and induce the emigration commissioners to appoint them to that office. To form corresponding societies in the Colonies, for the protection and assistance of the female immigrants on their arrival.
CAB DRIVERS’ BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION, 15, Soho-square.  Subscription: Donations of £1 constitute a life subscription, entitling the donor to one vote, and one additional vote for every £1 so subscribed. Annual subscriptions of 5s. entitle the subscriber to one vote for each 5s. so subscribed. Objects: To grant annuities of £12 per annum to aged or infirm cabmen who can no longer earn their living, and to grant loans without interest to members requiring such aid, on the security of another member of the association.
CABMEN’S SHELTER FUND, 15, Soho-square.—Object:       To provide “shelters,” with refreshments at the lowest prices, under the charge of attendants, for metropolitan cabmen when on the ranks. Each “shelter” is supplied with periodicals, and a stove for cooking purposes.
CAPE OF GOOD HOPE GOVERNMENT EMIGRATION AGENCY, 10, Blomfield-street.—Object: To. engage and send out to the Cape of Good Hope artisans, mechanics, recruits for Cape Mounted Riflemen for the service of the Colonial Government; artisans, mechanics, farm and domestic servants for the service of colonial employers; and to supply information on all sub jects connected with the colony of the Cape of Good Hope.
CENTRAL SHOEBLACK SOCIETY, 2, Saffron-hill, Farringdon-road.
Subscription:  (no information). Object: To employ and find employment for homeless, friendless, and destitute boys.
CHARITY VOTING REFORM ASSOCIATION, 30, Charing-cross.— No subscription necessary for membership. Object: Reform of the abuses connected with the election of beneficiaries to charitable institutions, such as “public polling days,” “traffic in votes,” “canvassing by cards and circulars,” &c.
CITY OF LONDON TRUSS SOCIETY, 35, Finsbury-square (Instituted 1807).— Subscription:  Annual, £1 1s.;  life, £10 10s., or £5 5s. Object: To relieve poor ruptured persons recommended by governors; by furnishing (under surgical direction) trusses for every kind of rupture, and bandages and necessary instruments for all cases of prolapsus; and by performing every necessary operation.
DECORATIVE NEEDLEWORK SOCIETY, 73, George-street, Portman-square. — Object: The instruction in, and production at moderate cost of, the higher classes of decorative needlework.
EARLY CLOSING ASSOCIATION (Established 1842), 100, Fleet-street. Subscription:   No fixed amount. Object: An abridgment of the hours of labour in all departments of industrial life, wherever they are unduly prolonged; the adoption of a Saturday half-holiday where practicable the early payment of wages; the rescue of shopkeepers and their assistants from the drudgery of Sunday trading.
EAST LONDON (BLUE) SHOEBLACK HOME AND BRIGADE FOR DESTITUTE BOYS, 96, Mansell-street, Whitechapel. — Self-supporting. Object: The reclamation of destitute boys, and providing them with a means of honest livelihood.
FEMALE MISSION TO THE FALLEN (Woman’s Mission Women), 435, West Strand.—Object: The work of the mission is entirely carried on by means of Christian female missionaries, who labour in the streets of London among the fallen of their own sex. The fallen reasoned with; hospitals visited; tracts distributed; and temporary lodgings provided for those who are desirous of reforming.
FREEHOLD COTTAGE DWELLINGS COMPANY LIMITED, 35, Spring-gardens Charing-cross.— Subscription:  (no information). Object: To improve the dwellings of the poor and of the working classes.
GREENWICH SOCIETY FOR THE ACQUISITION AND DIFFUSION OF USEFUL KNOWLEDGE, Lecture Hall, Royal Hill, Greenwich.— Subscription:   Life membership (transferable), £10; life membership (not transferable), £5 5s.; annual subscription (adult), 10s.
annual subscription (minors, under 14 years of age)1 5s. Object: See title of the society
HOSPITAL SATURDAY FUND, 10, South-place, Finsbury.— Subscription:   (no information). Object: To enable the working classes of the metropolis to contribute to the support of the hospitals and dispensaries of London.
HOUSE-BOY BRIGADE, PIMLIC0 BRANCH, 63, Eaton-square-— Subscription:  £5 entrance fee. Object: To train poor boys for domestic service ; while in the home they are sent out to assist the servants of private families in the neighbourhood, at a charge per hour.
IMPARTIAL, 92, Hampstead-road. — Subscription:  Various. Object: To ameliorate the condition of the industrial classes and minimise pauperism by judicious pecuniary aid to the deserving poor.
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE TOTAL SUPPRESSION OF VIVISECTION, 25, Cockspur-street. — Subscription:   10s. 6d. annually constitutes membership. Object:
The repeal of the Act of 1876, and the enacting of a law absolutely prohibiting the practice of vivisection.
IRISH PEASANTRY SOCIETY OF LONDON, 61, Stamford-street.— Subscription:  (no information). Object: The improvement of the condition of the peasantry of Ireland, with which object in view grants are made, under certain conditions, to local agricultural and gardening societies in Ireland.
LADlES’ DRESSMAKING AND EMBROIDERY ASSOCIATION AND SCHOOL OF DRESSMAKING, 42, Somerset-street, Portman-square. Subscription:  Annual (amount not stated) and donations. Object:  To afford thorough training in dressmaking to the daughters of professional men with limited incomes; to arrange classes for needlework for amateurs; and to give daily employment in embroidery to a limited number of poor gentlewomen.
LLOYD’S PATRIOTIC FUND, 14, Cornhill.— Subscription:   Fund invested, no subscriptions solicited.  Object: To grant assistance to such soldiers, seamen, and marine, as well officers as men, or their widows, orphans, or dependent relatives, as in the opinion of the trustees shall be fitting objects for such aid, having special regard to sufferings and losses arising during services in action.
LONDON ANTI-VIVISECTION SOCIETY, 180, Brompton-rd.— Subscription:  5s. and upwards. Object: Total abolition of vivisection.
LONDON LABOURERS’ DWELLINGS SOCIETY LIMITED, 5, Eldon-street, Finsbury— Subscription:  Shares, £100 each, fully paid. Object: The improvement of existing dwellings for the bona fide working classes, and the erection of new dwellings as opportunities arise.
LONDON PHILANTHROPIC SOCIETY, 17, Ironmonger-lane, Cheapside. — Subscription:  Optional. Object: To relieve the poor with bread and coals throughout the metropolis during the winter, the tickets for which are distributed by subscribers.
MARYLEBONE ASSOCIATION FOR IMPROVING THE DWELLINGS OF THE INDUSTRIAL CLASSES, 65, Marylebone-road.— Subscription:  (not stated). Object: Improving the dwellings of the working classes.
MENDICITY SOCIETY, 13, Red Lion-square— Subscription:  Life governor, £10 10s., or £1 1s. annual, entitles to 100 tickets’ and for the further privilege of referring to the Begging Letter Department: Life governor, £21, or £2 2s. annual. Object: The apprehension of impostors and vagrants, and relief of the deserving poor.
METROPOLITAN ASSOCIATION FOR BEFRIENDING YOUNG SERVANTS, 7, Great College-street, Westminster. — Subscription: (no information). Object: To befriend young girls from 13 to 20 years of age who are in or entering domestic service, and are exposed to peculiar dangers and difficulties from the want of home protection.
METROPOLITAN ASSOCIATION FOR IMPROVING THE DWELLINGS OF THE INDUSTRIOUS CLASSES, 8, Finsbury-circus.- Subscription:  (not stated). Object: Improving
The dwellings  of the working classes of the metropolis.
METROPOLITAN HOSPITAL SUNDAY FUND, 1, Queen Victoria-street, Mansion House.—Subscription: By collections made at places of divine worship. Object: To relieve as far as possible the current annual expenses of hospitals and dispensaries of London which remain periodically unprovided for.
MIDNIGHT MEETING MOVEMENT, 8a, Red Lion-square.-— Subscription:  Voluntary. Object: The rescue of fallen women by holding midnight meetings in London and the provinces.
NATIONAL DWELLINGS SOCIETY LIMITED, 35, Spring-gardens, Charing-cross.— Subscription:  (no information). Object: To improve the dwellings of the poor and of the working classes.
NATIONAL TRUSS SOCIETY (Instituted 1786), 3, Crooked-lane, Cannon-street. — Subscription:  £10 10s. donation constitutes a life governor; £5 5s. a life member; annual from 10s. 6d, Object: For the relief of the ruptured poor of both sexes throughout the kingdom, and also provides many other surgical appliances in addition to trusses. The governors and subscribers are entitled to letters for recommending cases in the proportion of four for each guinea.
PURE LITERATURE SOCIETY, 11, Buckingham-street, Strand.— Subscription:  (no information). Object: The increased circulation of pure and healthy literature.
ROYAL HUMANE SOCIETY, 4,  Trafalgar-square. — Subscription:  £1 1s. per annum, annual governor; £2 2s. per annum, annual director; £10 10s. donation, a life governor; £20 donation, a life director. Object: To collect and circulate the most approved and effectual methods for recovering persons apparently drowned; to suggest and provide suitable apparatus for saving life; and to bestow rewards on all who risk their lives for the preservation and restoration of human life. Supported by voluntary contributions.—(See also HUMANE SOCIETY.)
ROYAL NATIONAL LIFEBOAT INSTITUTION (Established 1824; incorporated by royal charter in 1860), 14, John-street, Adelphi. Supported solely by voluntary contributions. Object: Planting lifeboats on the coast, and granting rewards for saving life from shipwreck. Number of lives saved, 26,051.
RUPTURE SOCIETY, 27, Great James-street, Bedford-row.— Subscription:  Annual subscribers of £1 1s. can recommend three patients within the year; of £2 2s. six patients; and for every larger subscription a greater number of patients may be recommended in similar  proportions. For every life subscription of £10 10s. at one payment, three patients may be recommended in each year; of £I5 15s. four patients; and of £21 six patients in each year. Object: To supply trusses gratuitously to the poor of both sexes all over England.
ST. JOHN AMBULANCE ASSOCIATION, St. John’s-gate, Clerkenwell—(See special heading under “S.”)
ST. MARYLEBONE FEMALE PROTECTION SOCIETY, 157, Marylebone-road — Subscription:  Voluntary contributions. Object: The society, founded in 1838, seeks to reclaim young women from all parts of the country who have, by one false step, fallen from the path of virtue. They are cared for in their trouble if expecting to become mothers; and after suitable training, are placed in service, where needful help is given them in supporting their infants, lest, through want, they should fall again. This is the more necessary from the extreme youth of many of the applicants, which prevents their earmng sufficient to maintain their infants.
SHIPWRECKED MARINERS SOCIETY, Hibernia-chambers, London-bridge. — Subscription:  Voluntary, from 2s. 6d. upwards; fishermen and mariners beneficiary subscription, 3s. per annum. Object: To board, lodge, clothe, and forward to their homes, or to their nearest consuls, if foreigners, all wrecked seamen, soldiers, or other poor persons of  all nations, cast destitute upon the coasts. To assist seamen, whether of the royal navy or merchant service, fishermen, coastguardmen, pilots, boatmen, and apprentices, subscribers to the society, to replace their clothes and boats, when lost by storm or other accidents of the sea; and to relieve their widows, orphans, and aged parents. To give gold and silver medals, and other honorary or pecuniary
rewards, for any praiseworthy endeavours to save life from shipwreck on the high seas or coasts of the Colonies. To give small gratuities to its old and necessitous members in extreme and special cases.
SHOEBLACKS HOME (N.W.L.), 241, Marylebone-road.- Subscription:  None, being self-supporting; all boys admitted free. Object: To employ homeless, destitute, and those in need of help; to educate and p lace out those who earn a good character into situations.
SOCIETY FOR THE EMPLOYMENT OF NECESSITOUS GENTLEWOMEN, 48, Hunter-street, London.— Subscription:  (no information). Object: For the tuition and employment of gentlewomen in the arts of printing, engraving, bookbinding, - relief stamping m colours, music printing, &c.
SOCIETY FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF VICE, 23, Lincoln’s-inn-fields. Subscription:  No fixed sum. Object: To suppress all outward exhibitions of vice and immorality ; more especially the suppression of exhibition and sale of immoral publications, pictures, or other representations.
SURGICAL AID SOCIETY, 16, New Bridge-street, Blackfriars.— Subscription: 10s.6d. per annum. £5 5s. donation, entities to two letters of recommendation per annum. Object: To supply spinal supports, leg instruments, elastic stockings, trusses, and every kind of surgical appliance gratuitously to the afflicted poor; air and water beds, invalid couches, &c., are lent to the poor on the recommendation of subscribers.
SURGICAL APPLIANCE SOCIETY, PROVIDENT (Instituted 1872, under the patronage of the Bishop of London, the Baroness Burdett Coutts), &c., 37, Great Ormond-street,  Bloomsbury. Subscription:  £5 5s. constitutes donor a life governor; annual subscription from 10s. 6d.
TRYON HOUSE YOUNG WOMEN’S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 115, Sloane-st.— Subscription: 5s. and upwards. Object: To provide a home for those engaged in house of business or seeking situation in the same.
UNITED KINGDOM BENEFICENT ASSOCIATION, 4, Berners-st, Oxford-st. — Subscription: contribution of 5s. will confer one vote at each election during 12 months; 10s. two votes, and so on in like proportion to any amount. All contributors of £5 and upward in one sum are, in the absence of any direction from them to the contrary, considered as life governors, and have two votes for life for each £5 at every election. Object: For granting annuities up to £25 to persons of the upper and middle classes in reduced circumstances who are above 40 years of age, and who are unable from bodily infirmities to earn their own livelihood; and for affording temporary help to candidates in urgent distress.
UNIVERSAL BENEFICENT SOCIETY, 15, Soho-square. — Subscription: Vice-president, patroness, or governor, 12 votes, £20 donation; 25 votes, £5 subscription. Life members’ donations: 1 vote, £2 10s. ; 3 votes, £5; 6 votes, £10, and so on, 3 votes for each £5 contributed. Annual subscribers: 1 vote, 5s. ; 2 Votes, 10s. ;  5 votes £1 ; and so on, 5 votes for each £1 subscribed. Object : This society has been founded to assist in various ways those in necessity of good character, without distinction of class, nationality, or sect; its operations are not confined to the metropolis, but assistance is given wherever needed in the following manner: 1. By pensions to aged or infirm person who are unable to gain their own livelihood. 2. By granting loan without interest to persons of respectability in need of temporary assistance. 3. By gifts of money, clothes, &c., to those seeking employment, or who require such aid towards emigration. 4. By payments for the admission of orphan and destitute, neglected, or ill-treated children into suitable home and institutions.
VICTORIA DWELLINGS ASSOCIATION LIMITED, 9, Victoria-chambers, Westminster Abbey, SW.—  Subscription: Shares £10 each, fully paid up. Object: The association was inaugurated at Battersea by the Prime Minister June 23rd, 1877, to provide healthy and comfortable homes for the labouring classes. The dwellings erected by the association are situate in the Battersea-park-road, and at Stroud-vale, King’s-cross.

Philharmonic Theatre
, Islington-green. — Formerly a music-hall. Specialty of opera-bouffe and burlesque. Stands just opposite the Angel Inn. NEAREST Railway Station, King’s-cross; Omnibus Routes, High-street, Islington, and Pentonville-road.

Piccadilly, the great thoroughfare leading from the Haymarket and Regent-street westward to Hyde Park-corner, is the nearest approach to the Parisian boulevard of which London can boast. From Hyde-park-corner to Devonshire House the houses are confined to the north side, the Green-park forming, to that point, the southern side, which, for a considerable distance, is lined by foliage trees of some antiquity, and of great beauty. Being the high road to the most fashionable quarters in the west and south-west of London, Piccadilly, during a great portion of the year, presents a bright and lively, not to say kaleidoscopic, appearance; and even when the great stream of “West-end” London life seems to have nearly run dry elsewhere it is still to be found, though perhaps but a rivulet, in Piccadilly. Few streets in town have so many associations. Here, or hard by, at one time or another, have lived such people as Byron, Scott, Sir Wm. Petty, Lord Eldon, Nelson’s Lady Hamilton, Verrio, Sir Francis Burdett, Lord Palmerston, and “Old Q.” Piccadilly is one of the few streets left in London which are remarkable both from a commercial and from a “society” point of view. Eastward the double row of houses is almost entirely devoted to trade, and westward a few shops are still dotted among the stately abodes which overlook the Green-park. From the “White Horse Cellar” to the mansion of the Rothschilds, and Apsley House; from the butcher’s shop to Devonshire House; from the tavern to the club-house, every kind of edifice is represented. On a fine summer’s morning the departure of the coaches from the “White Horse Cellar” is an amusing and interesting sight, unique of its kind, in these railway times. (SeeCOACHES). Among the principal public buildings are Sir Christopher Wren’s brick church, dedicated to St. James, certainly not one of the master’s happiest efforts so far as its exterior is concerned; the Geological Museum, which abuts on the southern side; and Burlington House, the home of the Royal Academy, and of many learned societies.

Pigeon Clubs.—There are many societies in London for promoting the pigeon fancy. The first of these is the Peristeronic, meeting fortnightly during the winter months at Freemason’s Tavern, and having an annual exhibition at the Crystal Palace in January. There is also the City Columbarian, meeting in London-wall, and several in the suburbs.

Pigeons.—(See POULTRY.)

Police.—The police force of London comprises the Metropolitan Police and the City Police. The latter have jurisdiction in the city of London proper, covering about 1 square mile, and consisting of 8oo men. The Metropolitan Police District extends to a radius of about 15 miles from Charing-cross, and covers more than 700 square miles. The force consists of about 11,100 men divided into 20 divisions. Each sergeant and constable bears the letter of his division and number on his collar, which should be taken down if any complaint has to be preferred. Within a reasonable distance of nearly every house in a populous district there is, besides the local police-station, a fixed police point (see FIXED POINTS), at which a constable may always be found from 9 am to 1 a.m. If the constable at the fixed point be called away on special duty, his place is taken by the first patrol who arrives at the vacant place. Every householder should learn where is the nearest police-station and fixed point. If police assistance be required on some special occasion, such as a party, personal or written application should be made to the superintendent of the division on which the ground is situated. Such duty is done by men in their own time, and from 5s. to 10s. is generally given by the person interested.
SPECIAL DUTIES.—The following questions have also been submitted to the Metropolitan Police Department, and have received the annexed replies:
Whether when application is made at a station for a married constable to take charge of an empty — furnished — house, any and what responsibility is undertaken by the department, and what are the general terms and conditions on which such applications are entertained?
Police sergeants or constables are permitted by the commissioner to take charge of unoccupied furnished houses on the recommendation of the superintendent of the division, provided they have undivided care; that no servants remain; and that there are no valuables or plate therein. No responsibility whatever is undertaken by the police department. There are no other set terms or conditions. If the man’s wife is employed to keep the house clean, it becomes a matter of arrangement between the parties. Sergeants and constables are allowed by the divisional superintendents to occupy unfurnished houses, or houses that have not been inhabited, provided they are reported, on inspection, as not likely to be prejudicial to the health of the officer.
Whether the police on ordinary night duty are allowed to be made available for calling private individuals in time for early trains, &c.?
The police are not only allowed, but are taught that they are bound to render this or any other service in their power to the inhabitants; and any neglect is considered a breach of duty, and dealt with accordingly.
Whether any arrangement is practicable—short of hiring a special constable—by which a house can safely be left empty for a few hours?
Certainly not. The custom unfortunately is a very prevalent one, notwithstanding numerous official cautions, and a large number of offences are traceable to it, as it affords every facility for thieves and housebreakers.

Police Courts.
BOW-STREET: Bow - street, Covent-garden. Applications for summonses to be made at 10 am., and at intervals; summonses heard at 2 pm,; remands and charges from 10 am till 5p.m.  NEAREST Railway Station Temple; Omnibus Routes, Strand and Oxford-street; Cab Rank, Wellington-street.
CITY POLICE OFFICE, 26, Old Jewry. NEAREST Railway Stations, Mansion House and Moorgate; Omnibus Routes, Cheapside and Moorgate-street; Cab Rank, Lothbury.
CLERKENWELL King’s-cross-road. Applications for summonses to be made at 10 a.m., and at intervals; summonses heard at 2 p.m.; remands at 11.30 am.; and charges from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. NEAREST Railway Stations, King’s-cross and Farringdon-st; Omnibus Routes, Gray’s-inn-road, Exmouth-street, Euston-road, and Pentonville-road; Cab Rank, King’s-cross.
GREENWICH. Applications for summonses to be made at 12 noon; remands heard at 11 a.m; summonses at 12 noon; and charges from 10 a.m. to 1.30 p.m. NEAREST Railway Station, Greenwich.
GUILDHALL JUSTICE - ROOM. Applications for summonses to be made at 1 p.m.;  summonses, remands, and charges are heard from 12 noon. NEAREST Railway Stations, Mansion House and Moorgate-street ; Omnibus Routes, Cheapside and Moorgate - street; Cab Rank, Lothbury.
HAMMERSMITH: Vernon-street, Hammersmith-road. Applications for summonses to be made at 10 a.m. ; remands and summonses heard at 11 a.m. ; charges from 10 am. to 1.30 p.m. NEAREST Railway Station, West Kensington; Omnibus Route, Hammersmith-road; Cab Rank, Red Cow-lane.
LAMBETH:    Renfrew-rd, Lower Kennington-lane. Applications for summonses to be made at 10 a.m., and at intervals; remands heard at 11.30 a.m.; summonses at 2p.m.; and charges from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. NEAREST Railway Station, Elephant and Castle; Omnibus Routes, Newington-butts and Kennington-park-road; Cab Rank, High-street, Newington-butts.
MANSION HOUSE JUSTICE-ROOM. Applications for summonses to be made at 1 p.m. ; summonses, remands, and charges are heard from 12 noon. NEAREST Railway Stations, Mansion House and Moorgate-street; Omnibus Routes, Cheapside, Moorgate-st, Queen Victoria-street, and King William-street; Cab Rank, Lothbury.
MARLBOROUGH-STREET: Great Marlborough-street. Applications for summonses to be made at 10 a.m. and 12 noon; summonses heard at 2 p.m.; remands at 12 noon ; and charges from 10 am. to 5 p.m. NEAREST Railway Stations, Portland-road and Charing-cross (Dist. and S. E.); Omnibus Routes, Regent-street and Oxford-street; Cab Rank, Conduit-street.
MARYLEBONE: Seymour-place, Bryanston- square. Applications for summonses to be made at 10 a.m. ; summonses heard at 2 p.m. ; remands at 11 a.m.; and charges from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. NEAREST Railway Station, Edgware road; Omnibus Routes, Edgware-rd and Marylebone-road; Cab Rank, Edgware-road.
METROPOLITAN POLICE OFFICE, 4, Whitehall-place. NEAREST Railway Stations, Charing-cross (SE. & Diet.); Omnibus Routes, White- -hall and Strand; Cab Rank, Horse Guards.
SOUTHWARK: Blackman-street, Borough. Applications for summonses to be made at 10 am. ; summonses heard at 2 p.m.; remands at 12 noon; and charges from to 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. NEAREST Railway Station, Borough-rd ; Omnibus Routes, Blackman-street and Borough; Cab Rank, Newington-causeway.
THAMES: Arbour-street-east, Stepney. Applications for summonses to be made at 10 a.m. and 12 noon; summonses heard at 2 p.m.; remands at 11 a.m. ;  and charges from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. NEAREST Railway Stations, Stepney and Shadwell; Omnibus Routes, Commercial-rd-east, Burdett-road, and Mile-end-road.
WANDSWORTH: Love-lane, Wandsworth. Applications for summonses to be made at 2.30 p.m.;  summonses heard at 4 p.m.; remands at 3 p.m.; and charges from 2.30 to 5 p.m. NEAREST Railway Station, Wandsworth.
WESTMINSTER: Vincent-sq, Westminster. Applications for summonses to be made at 10 a.m.; summonses heard at 2 p.m.; remands at 12 noon; and charges from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. NEAREST Railway Station, Victoria; Omnibus Routes, Rochester-row, Vauxhall-bridge-road, and Victoria-street; Cab Rank: Vauxhall-bridge-road.
WOOLWICH. Applications for summonses to be made at 4 p.m.; summonses heard at 4 p.m. ; remands at 3 p.m.; and charges from 2.30 to 5 p.m. NEAREST Railway Station, Woolwich.
WORSHIP-STREET: Finsbury, near Finsbury-square. Applications for summonses to be made at 10 a.m.; summonses heard at 2 p.m.; remands at 11 p.m.; and charges from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. NEAREST Railway Station, Moorgate-st; Omnibus Route, Moorgate-street; Cab Rank, Finsbury-pavement.
For localities comprised in each police-court district, see POST OFFICE DIRECTORY, p. 1923.

Police Force.—The following is a list of divisions and stations, showing the rank of officer in charge of each station. The figures at the end of each paragraph denote the total strength of the division:
A OR WHITEHALL DIVISION.
Andrew Gernon, Supt. Station: Gt. Scotland-yard.— Inspectors: 22, King-st, Westminster; Hyde-park. 577.
B OR WESTMINSTER DIVISION.
Wm. Hayes, Supt. — Inspectors:Rochester-row, Vincent-square; Cottage-rd, Pimlico; Walton-st, Brompton. 550.
C OR ST. JAMES’S DIVISION.
Joseph Henry Dunlap, Supt— Inspectors: Little Vine-st, Piccadilly; Marlborough-mews, Marlborough-st. 354
D as MARYLEBONE DIVISION. George Draper, Supt.— Inspectors:Marylebone-lane; Molyneux-st. 353
E OR HOLBORN DIVISION.
James J. Thorn son, Supt.— Inspectors: 34, Bow-st ; Tottenham-court-rd; Hunter-st, Brunswick-sq. 558
G OR FINSBURY DIVISION.
William Fidge, Supt.— Inspectors: King’s - cross- rd, Clerkenwell; Old-st, St. Luke’s. 382.
H OR WHITECHAPEL DIVISION.
Thos. Arnold Supt. — Inspectors: Leman.st, Whitechapel; Commercial-st, Shoreditch. 309.
K OR STEPNEY DIVISION.
GeorgeTurner, Supt.— Inspectors: Arbour-st Stepney; East India. dock-rd, Poplar; King David’s-lane, Shadwell; Bethnal Green; Bow-rd; Great Ilford; West Ham-lane; Plaistow; Barking; Barking Side; Isle of Dogs; Dagenham; North Woolwich. Sergeant: Chadwell Heath.
Constable: Mile End-rd. 776.
L OR LAMBETH DIVISION.
James Brennan, Supt.— Inspectors: Kennington-lane; Kennington-rd. 293.
M OR SOUTHWARK DIVISION.
Thomas Garforth, Supt. — Inspectors: Blackman-st, Southwark; 63, Bermondsey-st, Bermondsey. 384.
N OR ISLINGTON DIVISION.
William F. Green, Supt.— Inspectors: High-st, Stoke Newington; Dalston-lane, Dalston; Upper-st, Islington; Kingsland-rd, Hoxton; Mare-st, Hackney; Lea Bridge-rd, Walthamstow; Wanstead; Leytonstone; Woodford ; Loughton; Waltham Abbey; Royal Gunpowder Factory, Waltham Abbey. Sergeants: Chingford; Chigwell; Enfield-lock (Small Arms Factory). 753.
P OR CAMBERWELL DIVISION.
Thomas Butt, Supt.— Inspectors:Carter-street Walworth; Clock House, Peckham; Gipsey-hill, Norwood; Bromley; Sydenham; Camberwell-green; Penge; 3 & 4, Vicarage-ter, Lewisham; Rodney-rd; Beckenham; Lock’s Bottom, Farnborough; Dulwich; Knight’s-hill, Lower Norwood. 590.
K OR GREENWICH DIVISION.
Inspectors: Blackheath-rd, Greenwich; William-st, Woolwich; Lee-road ; Shooter’s Hill Paradise -street, Rotherhithe Prince-street, Deptford; Park-row, East Greenwich; Eltham; St. Mary’s Cray; Sidcup;  Bexley Heath; Erith; Chislehurst. 464.
S OR HAMPSTEAD DIVISION.
Chas. J. Q’Logan, Supt.— Inspectors: 104, Albany-st, Regent’s-park; New-st, Portland Town; Roslyn-st, Hampstead; High-st, Barnet; Whitechurch-lane Edgware; High-st, Bushey South Mimms; Hendon; Shenley Whetstone; Elstree Finchley. 529.
T OR KENSINGTON DIVISION.
Wm. Fisher, Supt— Inspectors: Kensington; Chelsea; Hammer-smith; Brentford; Bedfont;  Chiswick; Fulham; Hampton; Hounslow; Isleworth: Twickenham; Hampton; Sunbury
Staines; Teddington; Norwood Green. 667.
V OR WANDSWORTH DIVISION
Charles Digby, Supt.— Inspectors: Love-la, Wandsworth; Battersea-bridge-rd; George-st, Richmond; London-rd, Kingston; Epsom; Barnes; Ditton; Putney ; Wimbledon; Wandsworth-common. 428.
W OR CLAPHAM DIVISION.
William Wiseman, Supt. — Inspectors: Brixton; Clapham; Croydon; Streatham; Sutton; Carshalton; Banstead; Tooting; Mitcham ; South Norwood. 467.
X OR PADDINGTON DIVISION
Hugh Eccles, Supt.— Inspectors: Notting Hill; Notting Dale; Paddington; Harrow-rd; Hanwell; Uxbridge; Kilburn; Acton; Willesden; Harrow; Ealing ; Harefield; Ruislip; Hayes. 548.
Y OR HIGHGATE DIVISION.
Edwd. Words, Supt— Inspectors: Kentish Town; Somers Town. Caledonian-road; Holloway
Highgate; Tottenham; Enfield Town; Southgate; Edmonton ; Enfield Highway; Cheshunt;
Wood Green; Potter’s Bar. 627.
THAMES DIVISION.
William Astlin, Supt.— Inspectors: Wapping, near the River; Waterloo Pier; the Ship Royalist, lying off Folly-wall, Poplar; Station Cutter Spray, Erith. 150.
CHATHAM DOCKYARD DIVISION.
John Smith, Supt. —Inspectors:  Chatham Dockyard; Sheerness Dockyard. Sergeants: Chatham
Naval Hospital; Chatham Gun Wharf. 160.
DEVONPORT DOCKYARD DIVISION
William Wakeford, Supt.— Inspectors: Devonport Dockyard; Keyham Factory Yard; Stone-house Victualling Yard; St. George’s Hall, Stonehouse; Royal Magazine, Bull Point.
Sergeants: Stonehouse Naval Hospital; Gun Wharf; Devon-port. 155
PEMBROKE DOCKYARD DIVISION.
Inspector: Pembroke Dockyard. 24.
PORTSMOUTH DOCKYARD DIVISION.
Archibald M’Donald, Supt.— Inspectors: Portsmouth Dockyard; Gosport Victualling Yard; Haslar Naval Hospital, 202.
WOOLWICH DOCKYARD DIVISION. Thomas E. Hindes Supt —Inspectors: Woolwich Roya1 Arsenal; Woolwich Dockyard; Greenwich Naval College; Deptford Victualling Yard. 174.