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Professions


see also Shops - Types and Character

see also Transport menu (eg. cab-related jobs under Road - Cabs)

 

§ Building and Construction

—bricklayers

— brickmakers

— builders

— carpenters and joiners (1) (2) (3)

— navvies (1) (2)

— shipbuilders

§ Cleaning, Rubbish Collection and Scavenging

— bin-rakers

— chimney sweeps

— crossing sweepers

— dustmen

— dust-yard scavenger

— 'early wormers'

— laundresses and washerwomen (1) (2) (3)

— laundresses, see also Health and Hygiene - Laundries

— mudlarks and river scavengers

— rag and bottle men

— rag-gatherers, bone-pickers, "pure" collectors (1) (2)

— sewer-flushers

— sewer-scavengers

— steppers

— street-orderlies (1) (2)

— 'The Vestry Horse'

— waste-paper sellers

— water-cart men (1) (2)

§ Clothing

— boot and shoe-makers (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)

— boot and shoeblacks

— boot and stay laces, sellers of

— brace-makers

— 'Cheap and Slop Shoe Trade'

— conditions in shops

— drapers / linendrapers

— a drapery tallyman

— dressmakers

— fur-pullers

— hair sellers

— hare and rabbit skin seller

— milliners

— necklace makers

— relining fur muffs and jackets

— second-hand sellers

— sellers of cheap jewellery

— shoemakers

§  tailors and seamstresses

— braces-sewers

— button-holers

— coat maker

— cloakmakers

— 'East End shirt-makers'

— 'East End tailoresses'

— embroiderers

— factory machinists

— fur liners (1) (2)

— garter-makers

— 'Needlewomen' (Punch Jul-Dec 1849)

— 'Needlewomen' (Punch Jan-Jun 1850)

— sempstresses

— shirt collar makers

— shoe-binders

— 'slop' clothing makers and sweatshops (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)

— stay-stitchers (1) (2)

— stockmakers (1) (2)

— tailors (1) (2) (3)

— trousers-hands

— uniform makers (1) (2)

— West End tailoresses

§ Craft and Household

— 'bricabrac' sellers

— brush-makers

— fringes for toilet covers, making of

§ furniture

— bedstead-makers

— cabinet makers

— chair-menders

— second-hand sellers of furniture

— upholsterers

— upholsteresses

— garret-masters (1) (2)

— label-printers

— match-box makers

— pipe-makers

— sellers of crockery

— sewing sacks and tarpaulins

— weavers

§ Dockers and River Workers

see also Thames - Docks

— ballast men (1) (2) (3)

— casual labour (1) (2)

— coal-whippers et al. (1) (2) (3)

— deal porters

— 'a dock labourer's history'

— dock masters

— dock work

— dock messengers (picture)

— lumpers (1) (2)

— raftsmen / raftmen / rafters

— stave porters

— watermen (river) (1) (2)

§ Entertainers

— acrobats and circus performers (1) (2) (3) (4)

— actors & performers see Entertainment - Theatre

— children's entertainers

— 'Ethiopian serenaders'

— exhibitors of 'Happy Families'

— street entertainers

— street musicians (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8 - 'St. Cecilia's Day')

— street musicians - brass

— street organ-grinders (1) (2) (3 - from ILN, 1846) (4)

— street singers (1) (2)

§ Factory and Workshop Manufacture

— artificial flowers

— factory-girls (1) (2)

— factory machinists

— glass

— gutta percha

— life of an apprentice mechanic/artisan

— looking-glass and picture-frame makers

— manure

— matches

— needles

— sawyers

— tobacco

— trotter-scrapers

— watchmakers

§ Financial and Money

— bankers

— company promoters

— money-lenders

— pawnbrokers

— rent collector

— stock-brokers

— tallymen (1) (2) (3)

§ Food and Drink

see also Food and Drink

— animal food sellers

— bakers

— barmaids

— bird food sellers (1) (2)

— brewers (1) (2) (3)

— 'bummarees'

— butchers

— butchers' boys

— coffee-stall keepers

— costermongers (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)

— costermongers as fish-sellers (1) (2) (3) (4)

— costermongers as flower sellers

— costermongers selling fruit and vegetables

— cough-drop sellers

— dairy produce, street sellers of

— draymen (1) (2)

— duck-weed, a seller of (duck food)

— fish-curers (1) (2)

— fruit-stall keepers

— 'general dealers'

— greengrocers

— ice-cream sellers

— ice harvesters and dealers (1) (2)

— ice, street sellers of

— milkmen (1) (2)

— milkwomen

— muffin and crumpet sellers

— mushroom hunters

— orange-girls

— piemen

— potmen

— poultry, sellers of

— poultry and game, street sellers of

— sellers from street stalls

— sheeps' trotters, sellers of

— shell-fish, street sellers of

— sugar bakers

— street sellers of 'eatables'

— street sellers of water-cresses (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)

— waiters

— waitresses

§ Government and Officialdom

— Beadles

— 'Government Offices'

— prison matrons

— Registrars

— School Board Visitors

— workhouse matrons

§ Journalists

— penny-a-liners (1) (2)

— the sub-editor (1) (2)

§ Legal Profession

see also Clerks

— barristers (1) (2) (3) (4)

— 'the lawyer'

— judges

§ Medical and Health-related

for Quacks, see Health

— chemists, dispensing (1) (2)

— disinfectors

— doctors

— a dog doctor

— the medical student

— midwives

— nurses

— opticians

— wet nurses

§ Military and Naval

§ Sailors

— Green's Home

— in the East End

— Missions to Seamen

— 'My Sea-Going Folks'

— Sailors, 1840s (photograph)

— Sailors, 1850s (cartoon)

— Sailors' Home

— Seamen's Christian Friendly Society

— Thames Church Mission

— training ships

— treatment whilst on shore (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)

§ Soldiers

— 'Drawing Room Parade at Albany Barracks'

— Guardsmen

— list of barracks

— 'Recruiting Sergeants at Westminster'

— uniforms and clothing allowance

— Yeomen of the Guard

§ Professional Bodies / Societies

see Education - Professional/Technical

see also Organisations - Scientific Societies

§ Servants

— accommodation

— 'A Perfect Servant'

— beer, provision of

— butler

— chambermaids

— character (references)

— charwomen

— clothing

— 'coachman, groom, and stable boy'

— cooks

— country house, servants in a

— dairy-maids

— 'The Domestic Servant'

— 'Domestic Servants and their Duties'

— emigration for servants

— fear of disease

— 'female servants'

— followers

— food and servants

— footman (1) (2) (3)

— foreign servants

— 'the General Servant'

— gossiping servants

— governess; for hiring, see registry-offices, below

— hiring cheap servants

— house-keepers

— housemaids / maid-of-all-work

— ladies'-maids (1) (2) (3)

— laundry maids (1) (2)

— letters from servants

— monthly nurses

— names

— nurses and nursery-maids (1) (2) (3)

— pages

— parlourmaids

— pro forma letters relating to service

— registry-offices for servants (1) (2)

— relationship with employer

— right to sell scraps

— sacked servants

— 'Servantgalism' (1) (2)

— 'Servants vs. Mistresses'

— 'slaveys'

— 'strikers'

— uniform

— valet

— wages

— wet-nurses

— working hours

§ Service Industry / General (excluding Servants)

— almanacks and diaries, sellers of

— animals, sellers of

— artificial flowers sellers

— artists' models

— auctioneers

— ballad sellers (1) (2)

— ballet-girls (1) (2)

— barbers

— beauticians

— birds, sellers of (1) (2) (3) (4)

— blacking, sellers of

— book-binders

— booksellers

— cab-men and cab-masters see Transport - Road - Cabs

— callers

— carmen

— carriers (road haulage)

— cat's meat men (1) (2) (3) (4) [from 'London Town' 1883]

— child minders

— clerks (1) (2) (3) (4)

— coal-heavers and coal merchants (1) (2) (3)

— commissionaires

— cookery instructor

— cotton merchants

— draught-excluders, street sellers of

— envelope addressers

— estate agents ('house agents')

— firemen

— firewood seller

— 'fisherman'

— flower-girls, sellers of plants, seeds etc (1) (2) (3)

— flowers, sellers of

— gamekeepers

— gelatine-cards, sellers of (post-cards)

— general dealers / dealers in sundries

— hairdressers (1) (2) (3)

— hare and rabbit skin buyer

— hawkers in general

— hawkers and pedlars, police regulation of (1903)

— holders of horses' heads, minders of animals

— horse auctioneers (1) (2)

— job-masters (1) (2)

— job-masters, see also Transport - Road - Cabs

— knackers / slaughterers

— knocker-up

— lamplighters

— librarians

— linkmen

— lucifers, sellers of (matches) (1) (2)

— menders

— merchant seamen (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)

— messengers

— newsvenders & news-boys

— omnibus drivers and conductors see Transport - Road - Omnibuses

— packers

— playing-cards, sellers of

— plumbers

— police see Police and Policing

— porters (1) (2)

— postmen

— printers

— publishers (see also Paternoster Row)

— racecards, sellers of

— removal men

— sandwich men

— school-mistresses (elementary)

— shoeblacks

— shop assistants

— sign-painters

— small pedlars

— a stenographic-card seller

— street patterers (1) (2)

— street preachers

— 'street salesmen' (1) (2) (3)

— street-sellers of 'art-works'

— street-sellers of blacking

— street-sellers of clocks

— street stationers (1) (2) (3)

— tape and cotton, sellers of

— telegraphy

— telegraphy, women involved

— tinkers

— toll-men

— toy-makers (1) (2) (3)

— toys, sellers of penny

— travel agents

— umbrella makers

— umbrella menders (1) (2) (3)

— the 'wall-worker'

— water-men (cabs)

§ Trade Unions

— Clifden House Institute

— negative opinion of strikes (1) (2) (3)

— response to strikes by management

— 'A Prosperous Trade Union'

§ Tradesmen (list from Dickens's Dictionary)